The Middle East and North Africa: U.S. and European Response to Change


Mehdi Vermeirsch (Editor)

Series: Politics and Economics of the Middle East, African Political, Economic, and Security Issues
BISAC: POL059000

Over the last two years, many U.S. policymakers, Members of Congress, and their European counterparts have struggled with how best to respond to the wide range of challenges posed by the popular uprisings and political upheaval in many countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Almost immediately after the onset of the so-called Arab Spring in early 2011, U.S. and European leaders alike declared their intention to put greater emphasis than in the past on democratic reform and economic development in formulating their respective policies toward countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan, and Morocco.

In Libya, the United States and many European allies participated in the NATO-led military intervention in support of rebel forces that ultimately toppled the Qadhafi regime. And as demonstrations in Syria escalated into a bloody civil war, the United States and the European Union (EU) have imposed sanctions, called for an end to the ruling Asad regime, and are considering greater material and financial support to the Syrian political and armed opposition.

Possibilities for U.S.-European Cooperation and Potential Obstacles In light of the immense changes and what many have long viewed as common U.S. and European interests in the Middle East and North Africa, numerous analysts have advocated for significant U.S.-European cooperation to promote a more peaceful and prosperous MENA region. Such collaboration, they argued, would help prevent a wasteful duplication of Western diplomatic and economic resources amid competing domestic political priorities and financial constraints on both sides of the Atlantic. This book provides a broad overview of European and U.S. responses to the changes in six MENA countries (Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan, Morocco, Libya, and Syria). (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


The United States and Europe: Responding to Change in the Middle East and North Africa
(Kristin Archick, Derek E. Mix, CRS)

U.S. Trade and Investment in the Middle East and North Africa: Overview and Issues for Congress
(Shayerah Ilias Akhtar, Mary Jane Bolle, Rebecca M. Nelson, CRS)

The European Union: Foreign and Security Policy
(Derek E. Mix, CRS)

Change in the Middle East: Implications for U.S. Policy
(Christopher M. Blanchard, Alexis Arieff, Zoe Danon, Kenneth Katzman, Jeremy M. Sharp, Jim Zanotti, CRS)


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