The Lonely Ape that Told Himself Stories: The Necessity of Stories for Human Survival

Mooli Lahad, Ph.D.
Full Professor of Psychology and Dramatherapy, Tel Hai College and the Community Stress Prevention Center, Israel

Series: Psychology Research Progress
BISAC: PSY031000

Clear

eBook

Digitally watermarked, DRM-free.
Immediate eBook download after purchase.

Product price
Additional options total:
Order total:

Quantity:

Details

The Lonely Ape that Told Himself Stories is a book that tries to explore the fact that humans are the only animals on this planet that tell stories. Its main argument is that people need to tell stories as a basic need and that without stories, we could not survive as a species. The author explores the origins dating back to the times of cavemen and, through myths, legends and fairytales, touches upon issues such as grief and bereavement, hope and pessimism, male and female dominance, and equality.

A significant part is dedicated to the use of stories and narratives in the healing of trauma, as well as how stories act as a modern treatment for PTSD. Lastly, the book explores the future of stories, the flourishing of social media, the issue of internet shaming, the movement towards e-books, and the need for meaning in the post-humanism era. Each chapter ends with experiential activities using stories, story making and other creative methods, including relaxation methods and a collection of stories. The author has been using these methods with clients for over three decades. These activities and processes can be used by an individual or by people in multiple professions to explore and reflect on the topics that are raised in these chapters.

The book is a combination of scientific research in psychology, archeology, arts, mythology, culture, neurology, neuroimaging and the modern media, and includes practical psychotherapeutic methods to work in many “impossible situations”. (Imprint: Nova)

Introduction

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1. The Lonely Ape Encounters Darkness

Chapter 2. Do Stories Meet a Basic Need?

Chapter 3. Male and Female He Created Them

Chapter 4. Hope, or How to Manage a Sense of Continuity in Crisis

Chapter 5. Playfulness and Stress

Chapter 6. Fantasy, Dissociation, Daydreaming, and Fantastic Reality

Chapter 7. Transcending into Fantastic Reality: Story-Making with Adolescents in Crisis

Chapter 8. The Story You Need to Hear Now

Chapter 9. When Living Hurts: Fantastic Reality and Imagination in Bereavement

Chapter 10. Healing Stories: My Bag of Treasures

Epilogue

References

Author's Contact Information

Index

“The author introduces new concepts that are relevant both to trauma researchers and to those who investigate culture, stories and our deepest need for narratives for our survival. The book is unquestionably innovative and well written, coherent and a pleasure to read...is full of hand-on exercises that are helping the reader to experiment with the topics of each chapter, thus making the book not only extremely interesting but also tangible.” - Daphna Slonim, M.D. Psychiatrist, Director of DSA Clinic Los Angeles

"The content of this book is extremely valuable and integrates theory and philosophy from several perspectives. This book would be new in the field and would pave the way forward n new ideas and concepts. It takes a novel approach to the subject and challenges us to think again, about what might be dismissed as 'just a story'." - Sue Jennings PhD, Professor, University of Derby, UK, Founder of Dramatherapy Federation, Social Anthropologist, Specialist in Neuro-Dramatic-Play

Introduction

Iyer, P. Why we travel. http://picoiyerjourneys.com/index.php/category/the-inner-world/why-we-travel/.
Iyer, Pico (2000). The Global Soul, New York: Vintage Books.

Chapter 1

Harari, Y.N. (2015). The History of Tomorrow. Or Yehuda: Dvir [Heb.].
Leeming, D.A. & Leeming, M. A. (1994). Encyclopedia of Creation Myths (2nd ed.). Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.
Ogden, D.E. & Sleep, N. S. (2012). Explosive Eruption of Coal and Basalt and The End-Permian Mass Extinction. PNAS 1091 59-62.

Chapter 2

Barraza, J. A., Alexander, V., Beavin, L. E., Terris, E. T., & Zak, P. J. (2015). The Heart of the Story: Peripheral Physiology During Narrative Exposure Predicts Charitable Giving. Biological Psychology, 105: 138-143.
Bogart, A. (2014).

What’s the Story: Essays about Art, Theater and Storytelling. Oxon: Routledge.
Booker, C. (2004). The Seven Basic Plots. New York: Continuum.
Densmore, F. (1929, 1979). Chippewa Customs. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press.
Foa, E. B. & Kozak, M. J. (1986). Emotional processing of fear: Exposure to corrective information. Psychological Bulletin, 99(1), 20-35.
Freud, S. & Breue, J. (1937, 2004) Studies in Hysteria. Translated by Nicola Luckhurst. London: Penguin Books.
Freytag, G. (1895, 1968) Technique of the Drama: An Exposition of Dramatic Composition and Art (translated by Macewan, Elias J.) New York: Benjamin Blom.


Gottschall, J. (2012). The Story Telling Animal: How Stories Make Us Human. Boston:

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Harrari, N. (2014). Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind. London: Harvill Secker.
Hasson, U., Malach, R., Heeger, D. (2010) Reliability of Cortical Activity During Natural Stimulation. Trends Cogn Sci. 2010; 14:40–48.
Hsu, J. (2008) The Secret of Storytelling: why we love a good yarn, Scientific American, August 1 2008.
Kidd, D.C. & Castano, E. (2013) Reading Literary Fiction Improves Theory of Mind Science, 342(6156): 377-380.
Lahad, M., Ankor, H. (1994) Once there was a fear: Use of Bibliotherapy in Coping with Children’s Fear. Kiryat Bialik: Ach [Heb.].
Lahad, M., Doron, M. (2010) SEE FAR CBT: beyond Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Protocol for treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Amsterdam: IOS Press
Mar R.A. (2004) Review: The neuropsychology of narrative: story comprehension, story production and their interrelation. Neuro-psychologia, 42(10): 1414–1434.
Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper.
Onyut, P. L., Neuner, F., Schauer, E., Ertl, V., Odenwald, M., Schauer, M., & Elbert, T. (2005). Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: Two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement. BMC Psychiatry, 5, 7.
Putman, S. E. (2009). The Monsters in My Head: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and the Child Survivor of Sexual Abuse. Journal of Counseling & Development, 87(1): 80–89.
Stephens, G. J., Silbert, L. J., & Hasson, U. (2010). Speaker–Listener Neural Coupling Underlies Successful Communication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science v.107(32).
Zak, P. J. (2012). The Moral Molecule. New York: Plum Book.

Chapter 3

Bachofen, J. J. (1861, 1973). Myth Religion and Mother Right translation. Translated by C. Manheim. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Brett M.G. (1991). Motives and Intentions in GENESIS I. The Journal of Theological Studies New Series, 42(1): 1-16.
Campbell, J. & Moyers, B. (1991). The Power of Myth. New York: Anchor Books.
Campbell, J. (1968). The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Chanoch, S. (2009). The Reversible Death Fairytales. Karkur: Prague Publishing House. [Heb.].
Corsini, R.J. (2002). Dictionary of Psychology. London: Brunner-Routledge.
De Groot, G.J. (1997). I Love the Scent of Cordite in Your Hair: Gender Dynamics in Mixed Anti-Craft Batteries. History: The Journal of the Historical Association, 73-92.
De Laszlo, V. (1993). The Basic Writings of C. G. Jung. New York: Modern Library.
De Waal, F. & Lanting, F. (1997). Bonobo: The Forgotten Ape. Oakland: University of California Press.
Diner, H. (1930, 1973). Mothers and Amazons. Doubleday: Anchor Books.
Donovan, J. (2012). Feminist theory. 4th ed. New York: Continuum International.
Dowling, C. (1971). The Cinderella Complex: Women’s Hidden Fear of Independence. Branford: Summit Books.
Eller, C. (2000). The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory: Why an Invented Past Won’t Give Women a Future. New York: Beacon Press.
Flanagan, J. G. (1989). Hierarchy in Simple “Egalitarian” Societies. Annual Review of Anthropology, 18: 245-266.
Gimbutas, M. (1974). The Gods and Goddesses of Old Europe, 7000 to 3500 BC: Myths, Legends and Cult Images. London: Thames and Hudson.
Graves R. (1997). The White Goddess: A Historical Grammar of Poetic Myth. Ed. G. Lindop. Manchester: Carcanet.
Grimm, J. & Grimm, W. (2003). The Complete Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm. Translated by J.B. Gruelle. New York: Bantam Books.
Jacobs-Carter, C. (2003). Africana Woman: Her Story Through Time. Washington: National Geographic.
Jenni, E. (1997). Tehom, Flood. Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament, 3 vols. Mark E. Biddle (ed.), Peabody: Hendrickson.
Jung, C. (ed.) (1978). Man and his Symbols. London: Anchor Press.
Lang, C. (2010). Primate Factsheets: Bonobo (Pan Paniscus) Behavior. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin.
Nelson, S.M. (1990). Diversity of the Upper Paleolithic ‘Venus’ Figurines and Archeological Mythology, in Powers of Observation, Alternative Views in Archaeology. S. M. Nelson and Alice B. Kehoe (eds.), 11-22.
Paglia, C. (1991). Sexual Personae: Art & Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickinson. Random House Digital, Inc.
Plato (1953). The Symposium Collected Works of Plato, Translated by Benjamin Jowett, 4th Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 520-525.
Rice, P. C. (1981). Prehistoric Venuses: Symbols of Motherhood or Womanhood? Journal of Anthropological Research 37(4), 402-416.
Robbins, B. (1997). The Strong Women of Modhupur. Dhaka: UPL.
Savage-Rumbaugh, S. & Lewin, R. (1994). Kanzi: The Ape at the Brink of the Human Mind, New York: John Wiley.
Segal, L. (1999). ‘Only Contradictions on Offer: Anglo-American Feminism at the Millennium. Women: A Cultural Review, 11: 19-36.
Shih, S. C. (2010). Quest for Harmony: The Moso Traditions of Sexual Union & Family Life. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Skinner, A. (1920). Notes on the Bribri of Costa Rica, New York: New York Museum of the American Indians.
Takyi, B.K. & Gyimah, S.O. (2007). Matrilineal Family Ties and Marital Dissolution in Ghana, Journal of Family Issues, 28(5): 682-705.
Taufic, A. (1972). Modernization in The World: West Sumatra in The Early 20th Century in C. Holt, Ed. Cultures and Politics in Indonesia. Ithaca: Coronel University Press, 173-249.
Von Franz, M. L. (1999). Archetypal Dimensions of the Psyche. Boston: Shambhala.
Waisman, C. S. & Tietjen, J. (2008). Her Story: A Timeline of the Women Who Changed America. New York: Harper Collins.
Walker, B.G. (1996). Feminist Fairy Tales. New York: HarperOne.
Walton, J.H. (1989). Ancient Israelite Literature in its Cultural Context: A Survey of Parallels Between Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Texts. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.
Ward, M. & Edenstein, M. (2009). A World Full of Women. Boston: Pearson.
Whitmont, E. (1991). The Evolution of the Shadow in C. Zweig And J. Abrams Meeting The Shadow: The Hidden Power of the Dark Side of Human Nature. New York: Teacher Perigee, 12-18.
Yang, E. N. & Mathieu, C. (2004). Leaving Mother Lake: A Girlhood at the Edge of the World, New York: Back Bay Books.
Zilberman, D. (2010). His-Story in Her-Story. Tel Aviv: Café Mouse 16.2.10 [Heb.]. http://cafe.mouse.co.il/post/1466359/.
Zipes, J. (2012). The Irresistible Fairy Tale: The Cultural and Social History of a Genre. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Chapter 4

Blass, R.B. (2014). On ‘the fear of death’ as the primary anxiety: how and why Klein differs from Freud. International Journal of Psychoanalysis. 95(4): 613-27.
Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment. Attachment and Loss: 1. New York: Basic Books.
Chinmoy, S. Supreme, Teach Me How To Surrender. http://www.
srichinmoypoetry.com/selected-poems/poems-hope/.
Dickenson, E. in Franklin, R. W., ed. (1999). The Poems of Emily Dickinson: Reading Edition. Cambridge: The Belknap Press.
Fredrickson, B. L. (2009). Why Choose Hope? Psychology Today, 23 Mar. 2009.
Fredrickson, B. L., Cohn, M.A., Coffey, K.A., Pek, J., & M. Finkel, S. M. (2008). Open Hearts Build Lives: Positive Emotions, Induced Through Loving-Kindness Meditation, Build Consequential Personal Resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1045–1062.
Goffman, E. (1956). The Presentation of the Self in Everyday Life. University of Edinburgh Social Sciences Research Centre Monograph No. 2.
Hamilton, E. (1998). Mythology: Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes. New York: Back Bay Books.
Hanna, F. J. (2002). Therapy with Difficult Clients: Using The Precursors Model to Awaken Change. Washington: American Psychological Association.
Ho, S., Rajandram, K. R., Chan, N., et al. (2011). The Roles of Hope and Optimism On Posttraumatic Growth in Oral Cavity Cancer Survivors. Oral Oncology 47: 121–124.
Janoff- Bulman, R. (1995). Victims of violence. In G. S. Everly. Jr. & M. I. Lating (Eds.), Psychotraumatology. Key papers and core concepts in post-traumatic stress. New York: Plenum press, 73-82.
Janoff-Bulman, R. (1992). Shattered Assumptions. New York: Free Press.
Lahad, M. & Leykin, D. (2013). Introduction: The Integrative Model of Resiliency –The BASIC Ph Model or What Do we know about Survival? In M. Lahad, M. Shacham and O. Ayalon (eds.) The “BASIC PH” Model of Coping and Resiliency -Theory, Research and Cross-Cultural Application. London: Jessica Kingsley, 9-30.
Lahad, M., Shacham, Y., & Niv, S. (2000). Coping and Community Resources in Children Facing Disaster. In: A. Y. Shalev, R. Yehuda & A. C. McFarlane (Eds.), International Handbook of Human Response to Trauma. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press, 389-395.
Levi, O., Liechtentritt, R., & Savaya, R. (2012). A Qualitative Analysis of PTSD Patients’ Experience of Hope. Qualitative Health Research, 22(12), 1672-1684.
Nietzsche, F. (1878, 1996). Human, All Too Human. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Omer, H. & Allon, N. (1994). The Principle of Continuity: Unifying Treatment and Management in Disaster and Trauma. American Journal of Community Psychology, 22: 273-287.
Ozer, E. J., Best, S. R., Lipsey, T. L., & Weiss, D. S. (2003). Predictors of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Symptoms in Adults: A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 52-71.
Piaget, J. (1957). Construction of Reality in The Child. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Pulsifer, C. (1988). Wings of Wisdom. Unknown Binding.
Snyder, C. R., Rand, K. L., & Sigmon, D. R. (2002). Hope Theory: A Member of the Positive Psychology Family. In C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of Positive Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press, 257–276.
Snyder, C.R. (1995). Conceptualizing, Measuring and Nurturing Hope. Journal of Counseling and Development, 73, 355-360.
Snyder, Charles D. (1994). The Psychology of Hope: You Can Get Here from There. New York: The Free Press, 7-8.
Stephenson, C. (1991). The concept of hope revisited for nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 16, 1456-1461.
Winnicott, D.W. (1953). Transitional objects and transitional phenomena – a study of the first not-me possession. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 34, 89-97.

Chapter 5

Aldwin, C. (2011). Stress and Coping Across the Lifespan. In S. Folkman (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping. New York: Oxford University Press, 15-34.
Anderson, C.A. (2004). An Update on the Effects of Playing Violent Video Games. Journal of Adolescence, 27: 113–122.
Barnett, L. A. & Magnuson, C. D. (2011). The Playful Advantage: How Playfulness Enhances Coping with Stress. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois.
Barnett, L. A. (2007). The Nature of Playfulness in Young Adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 43: 949-58.
Barnett, L. A. (2011-2012). Playful People: Fun Is in The Mind of the Beholder. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 31(3), 169-197.
Bartholow, B.D., Bushman, B.J., & Sestir, M.A. (2006). Chronic Violent Video Game Exposure and Desensitization to Violence: Behavioral and Event-Related Brain Potential Data. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 42, no. 4: 532–539.
Bateson, P. & Martin, P. (2013). Play, Playfulness, Creativity and Innovation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bateson, P. (2014). Play, Playfulness, Creativity and Innovation. Animal Behavior and Cognition, 1(2), 99-112.
Bozionelos, N. & Bozionelos, G. (1999). Playfulness: Its Relationship with Instrumental and Expressive Traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 26(4), 749-760.
Cohen, A. (1996). The Dream of the Soul: Imagination, Fantasy and Daydreaming. Haifa: Amatzia. [Heb.].
Proyer, R. T. (2012). Examining playfulness in adults: Testing its correlates with personality, positive psychological functioning, goal aspirations, and multi-methodically assessed ingenuity. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 54, 103-127.
Gentile, D. A., Lynch, P. J., Linder, J. R., & Walsh, D. A. (2004). The Effects of Violent Video Game Habits On Adolescent Hostility, Aggressive Behaviors, And School Performance. Journal of Adolescence 27 5–22.
Gentile, D.A., Anderson, C. A., Yukawa, S., Ihori, N., Saleem, M., Lim Kam Ming, Shibuya, A., Liau, A. K., Khoo, A., Bushman, B. J., Huesmann, L. R., & Sakamoto, A (2009), The Effects of Prosocial Video Games on Prosocial Behaviors: International Evidence from Correlational, Longitudinal, and Experimental Studies, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 299-305.
Glynn, M. & Webster, J. (1992). The Adult Playfulness Scale: An Initial Assessment.
Gordon, G. (2014). Well Played: The Origins and Future of Playfulness. American Journal of Play, 6: 234-66.
Held, S. & Spinka, M. (2011). Animal Play and Animal Welfare. Animal Behaviour, 81: 891-899.
Horowitz, M. J. (1986). Stress Response Syndromes (2nd ed.). New York: Jason Aronson.
Klinger, E. (1990). Daydreaming. Los Angeles: Tarcher (Putnam).
Lahad, M. (2006). Fantastic Reality. Haifa: Nord [Heb.].
Lahad, M., Farhi, M., Leykin, D., & Kaplansky, N. (2010). Preliminary Study of a New Integrative Approach in Treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: SEE FAR CBT. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 37: 391-399.
Landy, R. J. (1993). Persona and Performance, London: Jessica Kingsley.
Lazarus, R. S. & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. New York: Springer.
Lynch J. C., Cuddihy, L., Gentile, D. A., Klonsky, J., & Merrell, R. (2007). The Impact of Video Games on Training Surgeons in the 21st Century. Archives of Surgery 142, 2: 181–186.Merckelbach, H., Horselenberg, R., Murris, P. (2001). The Creative Experiences Questionnaire (CEQ): A Brief Self-Report Measure of Fantasy Proneness. Personality and Individual Differences, 31: 987-995.
Mills, J. C. & Crowley, R.J. (1986) Therapeutic Metaphors for Children and the Child Within. New York: Bruner Mazel.
Oaklander, V. (1997). The Therapeutic Process with Children: Playfulness, Imagination, and Humor. Gestalt Review, 1(4): 292-317.
Panksepp, J. (1998). Affective Neuroscience: The Foundations of Human and Animal Emotions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Proyer, R. T. (2011). Being Playful and Smart? The Relations of Adult Playfulness with Psychometric and Self-Estimated Intelligence and Academic Performance. Learn Individual Differences, 21: 463-467.
Proyer, R. T. (2012). Development and Initial Assessment of a Short Measure for Adult Playfulness: The SMAP. Personality and Individual Differences, 53: 989-94.
Proyer, R. T., Ruch, W., & Müller, L. (2010). Sense of Humor Among the Elderly: Findings Using the German Version of The SHS. Z Gerontol Geriatr, 43: 19-24.
Putnam, F. W. (1993). Dissociative Disorders in Children: Profile and problems. Child Abuse and Neglect, 17, 39-45.
Putnam, F. W. (1997). Dissociation in Children and Adolescents: A Developmental Perspective. New York: The Guilford Press.
Shen X. S., Chick, G., & Zinn, H. (2014). Validating The Adult Playfulness Trait Scale (APTS): An Examination of Personality, Nomological Network of Playfulness. American Journal of Play, 6: 345-369.
Smyth, J.M. (2007). Beyond Self-Selection in Video Game Play: An Experimental Examination of the Consequences of Massively Multiplayer. Online Role-Playing Game Play CyberPsychology & Behavior. October 2007, 10(5): 717-721.
Tegano, D. W. (1990). Relationship of Tolerance of Ambiguity and Playfulness to Creativity. Psychological Reports, 66(3), 1047-1056.
Uchigaki, N. (2007). The Enigmatic Voice of God: A Research on Myth. Milton Keynes: AuthorHouse.
Waldman-Levi, A., Bar-Haim E. A., & Katz, N. (2015). Healthy Aging Is Reflected in Well-Being, Participation, Playfulness, and Cognitive-Emotional Functioning. Healthy Aging Research 4: 8.
Weaver, J. B., Mays, D., Weaver, S., et al. (2009). Health-Risk Correlates of Video-Game Playing Among Adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 37: 4, 299–305.
Winnicott, D. W. (1971). Playing and Reality. London: Tavistock.

Chapter 6

Alkavetz, A. (1992). Live Company. London: Routledge.
Bernstein, E.M. & Putnam, F. W. (1986). Development, Reliability and Validity of a Dissociation Scale. Journal of Nervous Mental Disorders. 174, 727–735.
Brewin, C. R., Dalgleish, T., & Joseph, S. (1996). A Dual Representation Theory of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Psychological Review, 103, 670-686.
Brooks, R., Bryant, R. A., Silove, D., Creamer M., O'Donnell, M., McFarlane, A.C., & Marmar, C.R. (2009). The Latent Structure of the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22: 153-157.
Bryant, R. A. (2007). Does Dissociation Further Our Understanding On PTSD? Journal of Anxiety disorders, 21, 183-191.
Candel, I. & Merckelbach, H. (2004). Peritraumatic Dissociation as A Predictor of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Critical Review. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 45, 44-45.
Cardena, E. & Spiegel, D. (1993). Dissociative Reactions to the San Francisco Bay Area Earthquake of 1989. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150: 474–478.
Cohen, A. (1996). Imagination, Fantasy and Daydreaming. Even Yehuda: Amatzia [Heb.].
Cooper, L.M. & London, P. (1976). Children in Hypnotic Susceptibility. Personality and EEG patterns. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. 25, 147-166.
Council, J.R. & Greyson, B. (1985). Near-Death Experiences and the “Fantasy-Prone” Personality: Preliminary Findings. Paper presented at the Annual convention of the American Psychological Association. 93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27.
Gilligan, S. (2002). The Legacy of Milton H. Erickson: Selected Papers of Stephen Gilligan, Zeig. Phoenix: Tucker and Theisen Inc.
Greyson, B. (1991). Near-Death Experiences Precipitated by Suicide Attempt: Lack of Influence Of Psychopathology, Religion, And Expectations. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 9: 183-188.
Greyson, B. (1993). Varieties of Near Death Experience. Psychiatry, 56: 390-399.
Hermann, J. L. (1994). Trauma and Recovery. Tel Aviv: Am Oved.
Hilgard, J.R. (1970). Personality and Hypnosis: A Study of Imaginative Involvement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kaplansky, N. (2009). Dissociating from Death: An Investigation into the Resilience Potential of Transcendence into Fantastic Reality during Near-Death Experiences. Unpublished dissertation. Chelmsford: Anglia Ruskin University.
Klein, M. & Riviere, J. (eds.). (1937). Love Hate and Reparation. London: Hogarth, 43.
Kluft, R. P. (1991). Hypnosis in Childhood Trauma. In Clinical Hypnosis with Children. WesterII, W.C. & O’Grady, D.J. (Eds). New York: Bruner/ Mazel.
Lahad, M. & Doron, M. (2010). Protocol for Treatment of PTSD See Far CBT: Beyond Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Amsterdam: IOS Press.
Lahad, M., Farhi, M., Leykin, D., & Kaplansky, N. (2010). Preliminary Study of a New Integrative Approach in Treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: SEE FAR CBT. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 37: 391-399.
Lahad, M., Leykin, D., Farchi, M., Doron, M., Gidron, Y., M., Rozenbalt, O. & Fajerman, Z. (2016). SEE FAR CBT Therapy for Children with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder under Prolonged Political Conflict. Journal of Psychology and Psychotherapy Research, 3: 1-12.
LeDoux, Joseph (1996). The Emotional Brain: The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Levine, S.K. (1997). Poiesis – The Language of Psychology and the Speech of the Soul. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Liebliech, A. (1989). Apart from Birds. Tel Aviv: Shoken [Heb.]Megged, A. (2001). Fairies & Witches – Metaphoric Stories in Treatment for Children at Risk. Haifa: Nord.
Nash, M. R., Lynn, S. J., & Givens, D. L. (1984). Adult Hypnotic Susceptibility, Susceptibility, Childhood Punishment, and Abuse: A Brief Communication. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. 32, 6-11.
Nowlis, D. P. (1969). The Child-Rearing Antecedents of Hypnotic Susceptibility and Naturally Occurring Hypnotic-Like Experiences. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. 17, 109-120.
Ozer, E. J., Best, S. R., Lipsey, T. L., & Weiss, D. S. (2003). Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Symptoms in Adults: A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 52-73.
Putnam, F. W. (1993). Dissociative Disorders in Children: Profiles and Problems. Child Abuse and Neglect, 17: 39-45.
Reeve, C. (2004). Nothing is Impossible, New York: Random House.
Saban, S. (1990) To Live Again. Tel Aviv: Ministry of Defense. [Heb.].
Sanders, B., McRobets, G., & Tollefson, C. (1989). Childhood Stress and Dissociation in College Population. Dissociation, 2: 17-23.
Sanders, S. (ed.) (1986). Special Issues of American Journal of Hypnosis, 29: 2.
Spiegel, D. (1988). Dissociation and Hypnosis in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 1: 17-33.
Store, A. (1991). The Dynamics of Creation London: Penguin.
Wilson, S. C. & Barber, T. X. (1983). The Fantasy-Prone Personality: Implications for Understanding Imagery, Hypnosis, And Parapsychological Phenomena. In A. A. Sheikh (Ed.), Imagery: Current Theory, Research, and Application. New York: John Wiley, 340-390.

Chapter 7

de Saint-Exupery, A. (1982). The little Prince. Harcourt, New York: Brace & World.
Gilligan, S. (2002). The Legacy of Milton H. Erickson. Phoenix: Zeig Tucker and Theisn.
Oaklander, V. (1978). Windows to our Children. Lafayette: Real People.

Chapter 8

Bandler, R. & Grinder, J. (1975). The Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson, M.D., 1. Palo Alto: Behavioral & Science Books.
Erickson, M. & Rossi, E. (1976, 1980). Two Level Communication and The Microdynamics of Trance and Suggestion. In E. Rossi (Ed.), The Collected Papers of Milton H. Erickson on Hypnosis, 1. The Nature of Hypnosis and Suggestion. New York: Irvington, 430-451.
Erickson, M. & Rossi, E. (1979). Hypnotherapy: An Exploratory Casebook. New York: Irvington.
Gersie, A. & King, N. (1989). Story-Making in Therapy and Education. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Gilligan, S. (2002). The Legacy of Milton H. Erickson. Phoenix: Zeig Tucker and Theisn Inc.
Lahad, M., Shacham, M., Ayalon, O. (eds) (2013). The “BASIC PH” Model of Coping and Resiliency -Theory, Research and Cross-Cultural Application. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Mills, C. J. & Crowley, J. R. (1986). Therapeutic Metaphors for Children and the Child Within. New York: Brunner Mazel.
Oaklander, V. (1978). Windows to Our Children. Lafayette: Real People.
Rosen, R. (1991) (ed). My Voice Will Go with You: The Teaching Tales of Milton H. Erickson. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Zeig, J. (1994). Ericksonian Methods: The Essence of the Story (J. Zeig, Ed.). The edited proceedings of the Fifth International Erickson Congress.

Chapter 9

Abraham, A. & Bubic, A. (2015). Semantic memory as the Root of Imagination. Frontiers in psychology, 6. ‏
Azar, B. (2002). The Power of Pretending. Monitor on Psychology, 33: 46-48.
Azar, M. (ed.) (2004). The Even Shushan Concise Hebrew Dictionary. Tel Aviv: Am Oved. [Heb.].
Bazir, E. & Peled, T. (2011). Is There Connection Between the Use of Imagination During the Holocaust and Resiliency of Survivors? Tel Hai College Psychology Department. [Heb.].
Clark, C. D. (1998). Childhood Imagination in The Face of Chronic Illness. In T. R. Sarbin, J. de Rivera, J. (Eds.), (1998). Believed-in Imaginings: The narrative Construction of Reality. Washington: American Psychological Association, 87-100.
Council, J. R. & Greyson, B. (1985). Near-Death Experiences and the “Fantasy-Prone” Personality: Preliminary Findings. Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the 93rd American Psychological Association, Los Angeles. August 23-27.
Finnbogadóttir, H. & Berntsen, D. (2014). Looking at Life from Different Angles: Observer Perspective During Remembering and Imagining Distinct Emotional Events. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1(4), 387.
Frankel, A. (2004) A Girl. Tel Aviv: Mapa. [Heb.].
Frankl, V. (1970). Man’s Search for Meaning. Tel Aviv: Dvir. [Heb.].
Freud, S. (1955). Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 13: “Totem and Taboo” and Other Works, London: Hogarth Press.
Freud, S. (1963). Introductory Lectures On Psychoanalysis, The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud. J. Strachey (Trans. and Ed.), 16(XXIII), The Path to Formation of Symptoms (376). London: Hogarth Press.
Gaither, S. E., Remedios, J. D., Sanchez, D. T., & Sommers, S. R. (2015). Thinking Outside the Box Multiple Identity Mind-Sets Affect Creative Problem Solving. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6: 596-603.
Gersie, A. The Woodcutter and Death a Tale from Nepal. http://spiritoftrees. org/the-woodcutter-and-death. March 30, 2012.
Gleason, T., Jarudi, R., & Cheek, J. (2003). Imagination Personality and Imaginary Companions. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 31(7), 721-737.
Goldstein, A. B., & Russ, S. W. (2000–2001). Understanding Children’s Literature and Its Relationship to Fantasy Ability and Coping. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 20: 105-126.
Hilgard, E. (1977). Divided Consciousness: Multiple Controls in Human Thought and Action. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Imagination. (n.d.). Oxford Dictionaries online. http://oxforddictionaries. com/definition/imagination?q=imagination.
Johnson, M. (2013). The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination, and Reason. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ‏
Kaufman, S. B., & Singer, J. L. (2004). Applying the Theory of Successful Intelligence to Psychotherapy Training and Practice. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 23: 325-355.
Kirsch, I. & Moncrieff, J. (2007). Clinical Trials and The Response Rate Illusion. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 28(4), 348-351.
Kirsch, I., Deacon, B. J., Huedo-Medina, T. B., Scoboria, A. Moore, T. J., & Johnson, B. T. (2008). Initial Severity and Antidepressant Benefits: A Meta-Analysis of Data Submitted to The Food and Drug Administration. PLoS Medicine, 5(2).
Lahad, M. (2006). Fantastic Reality. Tivon: Nord. [Heb.].
Lahad, M., Doron, M., Ayalon, O., Kaplansky, N., & Leykin, D. (2009). Imagination as a Healing for Emotional Trauma: The SEE FAR CBT model as an attempt to find alternative explanation to the effectiveness of Post Traumatic treatment using Therapeutic Cards. Psychoactualia, 12-20 [Heb.].
Landy, R. (1993). Persona and Performance. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Lazarus, R. & Lazarus, B. (2001). Emotion and Logic. Haifa: University of Haifa and Zemora Bitan. [Heb.].
Lazarus, R. S. & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. New York: Springer.
Lloyd, D. (1998). The Fables of Lucy R.: Association and Dissociation in Neural Networks. In D. Stein (Ed.), Connectionism and Psychopathology (247-272). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Moulton, S. T. & Kosslyn S. M. (2009). Imagining Predictions: Mental Imagery as Mental Emulation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 364: 1273-1280.
Orlev, U. (1969). The Sand Play. Jerusalem: Keter. [Heb.].
Ostrower, C. (2015). Humor as a Defense Mechanism During the Holocaust. Interpretation. April 69: 183-195.
Rauschenberger, S. L. & Jay Lynn, S. (1995). Fantasy Proneness, DSM-III-R Axis I Psychopathology, and Dissociation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104: 373-380.
Ries, Y. (1979). The Room at the Attic. Givatayim: Masada.
Robinaugh, D.J. & McNally R. J. (2013). Remembering the Past and Envisioning the Future in Bereaved Adults with and Without Complicated Grief. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1(3): 290-300.
Robinson, L. A., Berman, J. S., & Neimeyer, R. A. (1990). Psychotherapy for The Treatment of Depression: A Comprehensive Review of Controlled Outcome Research. Psychological Bulletin, 108(1), 30-49.
Saunders, I., Sayer, M., & Goodale, A. (1999). The Relationship Between Playfulness and Coping in Preschool Children: A Pilot Study. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 53, 221–226.
Schwartzman, O. (2007). A White Doctor Black Gods. Tel Aviv: Arie [Heb.].
Singer, D. G. & Singer J. L. (1973). Some Characteristics of Make-Believe Play in Nursery School Children: An Observatory Study. In J. L. Singer (Ed.), The Child’s World of Make Believe: Experimental Studies of Imaginative Play. New York: Academic Press.
Singer, D. G. & Singer, J. L. (1990). The House of Make-Believe: Children’s Play and The Developing Imagination. Massachusetts: Harvard University.
Singer, J. L. & Singer, D. G. (1977). Creativity and Imaginative Play in The Pre-School Child. A series of four filmstrips. New York: Parents Magazine Films.
Singer, J. L. (1975). Navigating The Stream of Consciousness: Research in Day-Dreaming and Related Inner Experience. American Psychologist, 30: 727-738.
Staempfli, M. B. (2007). Adolescent Playfulness, Stress Perception, Coping and Well-Being. Journal of Leisure Research, 39(3), 393-412.
Sutton-Smith, B. (1997). The Ambiguity of Play. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Tateo, L. (2015). Giambattista Vico and the Psychological Imagination. Culture & Psychology, 21(2), 145-161.
Taylor, S. E. (1999). Health psychology (4th ed.). Singapore: McGraw Hill.
Taylor, S. E., Pham, L. B., Rivkin, I. D., & Armor, D. A. (1998). Harnessing the Imagination. American Psychological Association, 53, 429-439.
Tower, R. B., & Singer, J. L. (1980). Imagination, Interest and Joy in Early Childhood: Some Theoretical Considerations and Empirical Findings. In A. J. Chapman and P. McGhee (Eds.) Children’s Humor. London: Wiley.
Van der Kolk, B. A., Hopper, J. W., & Osterman, J. E. (2001). Exploring The Nature of Traumatic Memory: Combining Clinical Knowledge with Laboratory Methods. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, 4, 9-31.
Winnicott, D. (1971). Play and Reality. London: Tavistock.
Zheng, H., Luo, J., & Yu, R. (2014). From Memory to Prospection: What Are the Overlapping and The Distinct Components Between Remembering and Imagining? Frontiers in Psychology, 5.

Chapter 10

Ankori, M. (1999). The Psychology of the Dream. Tel Aviv: Prolog. [Heb.].
Ayalon, A. (1991) in Gersie, A. (1991). Storymaking in Bereavement: Dragons Fight in the Meadow. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Campbell, J. (1968). The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Kaplansky, N. (2009). Dissociating from Death: An Investigation into the Resilience Potential of Transcendence into Fantastic Reality during Near-Death Experiences. Unpublished dissertation. Chelmsford: Anglia Ruskin University.
Shiryon, M. (1977). ‬Biblical roots of Literatherapy. Journal of Psychology and Judaism 2,1, 3-12.
Stern, D. (1986). Violence in an Enchanted World. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan. [Heb.].

Epilogue

Ariely, D. (2012). The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty: How We Lie to Everyone Especially Ourselves. New York: Harper Collins.
Atarya, Y. (2016). Post-Human Era: The Fantasy of Eternal Life, The Existential Panic. Haifa: Pardess.
Byrne, R. W. & Corp, N. (2004). Neocortex Size Predicts Deception Rate in Primates. The Royal Science Publishing Proceedings B, 1693-1699. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1691785/.
Chance, Z., Gino, F., Norton, I.N., & Ariely, D. (2015). The Slow Decay and Quick Revival of Self-Deception. Frontiers in Psychology, 6: 1075. 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01075.
de Waal, F. (2007). Chimpanzee Politics: Power and Sex Among Apes. New York: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Feldman, R. S. (2009). The Liar in Your Life. New York: Hachette Book Group.
Foucault, M. (1970). The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. New York: Vintage Books.
Harari, Y. (2015). The History of Tomorrow. Or Yehuda: Dvir. [Heb.].
Hauser, M. D. (1992). Costs of Deception: Cheaters Are Punished in Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca Mulatta). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, 89: 12137-12139.
Schaefer, H. M. & Ruxton, G. D. (2009). Deception in Plants: Mimicry or Perceptual Exploitation? Trends in Ecology Evolution, 24(12): 676-85.
Stošić, L. (2014). The Importance of Educational Technology in Teaching. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education, 3(1), 2015.
Tsikerdekis, M. & Zeadally, S. (2014). Online Deception in Social (2014). Information Science Faculty Publications. Paper 12. http://uknowledge. uky.edu/slis_facpub/12.
Weiser, M., Gold, R., & Brown, J.S. (1999). The Computer for the 21st Century. IBM System Journal, 38(4): 693-696.
Zimbler, M. S. & Feldman R. S. (2011). Liar, Liar Hard-Drive on Fire: How Media Context Affects Deceptive Behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology.

Audience: Psychologists: clinical and school psychologists, trauma expert psychologists.
Social works who work with groups or with traumatized individuals.
Arts Therapies working in a variety of settings and with all ages who work both individually and with groups.
Psychiatrists and other psychotherapists interested in storytelling storymaking trauma and narratives.
Teachers and school counsellors who face critical incidents and or crisis in school
Students of humanism, literature, mythology.
General public, interested in interdisciplinary writing in particular the field of myth, psychology anthropology and brain.

You have not viewed any product yet.