The Life and Times of the World’s Most Famous Female Scientists


Manuel F. Varela, PhD – Professor, Biology, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico, USA
Ann F. Varela – Instructor, Mathematical Sciences, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico, USA
Michael F. Shaughnessy, PhD – Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico, USA

: Distinguished Men and Women of Science, Medicine and the Arts
BISAC: SCI080000; SCI034000

For centuries, women have been involved in science, medicine, biology, research and discoveries, yet few have received the acknowledgement and recognition that they deserve. Some have worked with a spouse, some have worked in a university or research center, and some have chanced upon a number of insights which have revolutionized science and biology as well as microbiology. This book delves into the lives and times of many women who have contributed to isotopes, viruses, leprosy, treatments such as streptomycin, and realms such as malaria and pulsars. How these women achieved so much, sometimes against tremendous odds, is amazing in and of itself. We have attempted to look at a number of women, from various countries around the world, who have achieved eminence and fame. Sadly, some have been neglected and we have attempted to highlight those whose contributions need to receive more recognition and respect. In this day and age of female achievement, these women are stellar examples of fortitude and achievement for young girls and adolescents to emulate. Reading about the work and achievements of these famous and not-so-famous women may supply hope and encouragement and motivate females to achieve their fullest potential.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements




Chapter 1. Alice Ball—Who “Cured Leprosy”?

Chapter 2. Ilona Banga—Vitamin C. Muscles and Elastase!

Chapter 3. Irina Petrovna Beletskaya—The Most Prominent Russian Organic Chemist

Chapter 4. Yvonne Brill—Rocket Science

Chapter 5. Elizabeth Bugie—Streptomycin

Chapter 6. Jocelyn Bell Burnell—Pulsars

Chapter 7. Mildred Cohn—Isotopes

Chapter 8. Marie Salomen Sklodowska Curie—A Female Scientist with Many Firsts

Chapter 9. Marie Daly—Cholesterol, Histones, Hypertension, Atherosclerosis, and Smoking

Chapter 10. Rosalind Franklin—Gone too Soon, Minimally Recognized—Sadly Ignored

Chapter 11. Mary Gaillard—Theoretical Physics

Chapter 12. Susan Gottesman—Regulating genes, destroying proteins, and reading Microbe Hunters

Chapter 13. Angelina Fanny Hesse—The Mother of Microbiology

Chapter 14. Katalin Kariko—RNA Biology

Chapter 15. Ester Zimmer Lederberg—Pioneer of λ Bacteriophage Molecular Genetics

Chapter 16. Jennifer McKimm.Breschkin—Virus Fighter

Chapter 17. Ruth Ella Moore—First African American to Earn a Doctorate in the Natural Sciences

Chapter 18. Florence Nightingale—More than Just Nursing

Chapter 19. Shobhoma Sharma—Malaria

Chapter 20. Anna Wessels Williams—Diptheria

Chapter 21. Jane Wright—The “Mother of Chemotherapy”



Author’s ORCID iD

Manuel F. Varela
Michael F. Shaughnessy – 0002 1877 1319

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