The History of Extra-Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO): From Start to COVID


Series: Medical Procedures, Testing and Technology
BISAC: MED003040

The history of extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) reflects a true medical success story that has been the result of tremendous dedication, perseverance, teamwork, and years—if not decades—of hard work by countless providers, students, and advocates. This book, the final in a series of three on ECMO, traces the history of extra-corporeal support from the early years when therapy was offered as a last attempt at salvaging those patients who had lost almost all hope of survival, to the modern era and the role of ECMO in the contemporary management of critically ill patients, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The chapters illustrate how the technical aspects of ECMO have evolved, as well as the growing role of patient selection and team-based management. Although the role of ECMO for COVID-19 is still evolving, the chapters addressing this topic can serve as a foundation for the many complex systematic issues, beyond just the bedside care of ECMO patients, that must be acknowledged.

Jorge Agustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santayana y Borrás, also known as George Santayana, has been credited with the quote: “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it,” [George Santayana (1905) Reason in Common Sense, p. 284, volume 1 of The Life of Reason] a concept that clearly resonates with those involved in ECMO program development, patient selection and management. As such, the primary goal of this text is to help scholars of all levels better understand where we have been and where we are going.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. The Genesis and Evolution of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
(Benjamin Smood, Asad A. Usman, Mark Helmers, Christian Bermudez and Rita Carrie Karianna Milewski, Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, US)

Chapter 2. An Introduction to VA-ECMO: Physiology, Indications, and Principles of Management
(Benjamin Smood, Matthew Woods, Jason J. Han, Christian Bermudez and Rita Carrie Karianna Milewski, Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, US)

Chapter 3. Disaster Preparedness for ECMO Programs and Adapting ECMO Programs to Face the COVID19 Pandemic
(Allison Ferreira and Kim Delacruz, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, US, and others)

Chapter 4. Special Considerations for ECMO Cannulation and Decannulation for COVID-19 Patient
(Joseph Dovidio and Hitoshi Hirose, Department of Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, US)

Chapter 5. The Use of ECMO for Treatment of Severe ARDS Due to Coronavirus Disease 2019
(Olivia Giddings, MD, PhD, and Rana Hejal, MD, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, US)

Chapter 6. Frontline Experience with Extracorporeal Life Support for COVID-19 Patients
(Vitali Karaliou, Jennifer Hanna, Matthew N. Libby, Courtney Petersen, William M. Novick and Michael S. Firstenberg, Trauma Center and Department of Surgery, St. Luke’s University Health Network, Bethlehem, PA, US, and others)

Chapter 7. Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) in COVID-19: The Role of Lung Transplantation
(Asishana Osho, Jerome Crowley, Philip J. Spencer, Masaki Funamoto, Nathaniel Langer and Mauricio Villavicencio, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, US, and others)

About the Editor


Additional information



Publish with Nova Science Publishers

We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!