The Future of the American Military Presence in Europe

Lloyd J. Matthews (Editor)

Series: Military and Veteran Issues
BISAC: POL030000

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Ten years have elapsed since the fall of the Berlin Wall, which served as a fitting symbol for the end of the Cold War.
That historic juncture brought into question the main edifice of western European security arrangements— the North Atlantic Treaty Organization— that had served Alliance members so well since NATO’s founding in 1949. It also brought into question the rationale for America’s continued deep involvement in European security affairs.
With the gradual realization that the Russian menace is essentially dead, at least for the next 10 to 15 years and perhaps longer, and with NATO’s missions having evolved well beyond the original purpose of territorial defense, debate on both sides of the Atlantic has begun to intensify concerning the vital issue of where NATO should beheaded and America’s relation to the Alliance.

To bring an array of informed voices to the debate, four institutions— the Office of the Assistant Vice Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army, the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College, the Irving B. Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies of the University of Chicago, and the Program on International Security Policy at the University of Chicago— joined hands to sponsor a symposium titled “The Future of U.S. Military Presence in Europe,” held at the University of Chicago on August 4, 1999.

The present book is an outgrowth of this symposium. It is not designed to set forth a literal record of words and events in the mold of the traditional symposium “proceedings,” but rather is organized as an anthology of individual chapters complemented by selected questions, answers, and comments by symposium participants and attendees. The symposium opening address by Deputy Secretary of Defense John Hamre (Chapter 1) and the keynote address by the Supreme Allied Commander Europe General Wesley Clark (Chapter 2) cogently set the stage for discussion. Chapters 3, 4, and 5 address the first panel topic, “Is Europe Still Strategically Important to the United States?” Chapters 6, 7, and 8 tackle the second topic, “Potential New Missions for NATO in the 21st Century,” while Chapters 9, 10, and 11 are devoted to the last topic, “What Type of Deployed Forces Does the United States Require to Meet Its Commitments in Europe?” Noteworthy among the commentaries is the wrap-up by General Crosbie E. Saint (USA Ret.). AsCommander in Chief of U.S. Army Europe during the period of the Gulf War, General Saint supplied the U.S. Army VII Corps, nominally slated as an element of NATO forces, to the coalition command that executed Operation DESERT STORM.

Foreword

Chapter 1. The Future of the U.S.-European Relationship: Framing the Discussion
John J. Hamre

Chapter 2. The Role of U.S. Forces in Europe
Wesley K. Clark

Chapter 3. Staying in Europe: A Vital American Interest
Klaus Naumann

Chapter 4. America’s Stance Toward Europe: Moving Away from a NATO-Centered Policy
Ted Galen Carpenter

Chapter 5. Europe as a Strategic Staging Base for 21st Century Stabilization Operations
Robert H. Scales, Jr

Chapter 6. The Enlarging Role of NATO
Stephen Larrabee

Chapter 7. Guiding NATO’s Future: A Return to Basics
Charles Glaser

Chapter 8. An Additional Role for NATO: Promoting Collective Security Elsewhere
Carl Kaysen

Chapter 9. Updating NATO Forces for the 21st Century
Thomas G. McInerney

Chapter 10. Modernizing, Restructuring, Adaptation: Imperatives for NATO Forces
Jay Garner

Chapter 11. America’s Diminishing Commitment to NATO: Implications for Service Force Structure
John J. Mearsheimer

Chapter 12. Whither the U.S.-NATO Partnership: Consensus and Dissent
Lloyd J. Matthews

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