The Future of Phytoremediation


James C. Flores (Editor)

Series: Environmental Remediation Technologies, Regulations and Safety


This book includes eight chapters about phytoremediation, which is the use of plants for the cost-effective, environmentally friendly rehabilitation of soil and groundwater contaminated by toxic metals and organic compounds. Chapter One describes which plant species are most effective for use in phytoremediation. Chapter Two details how changes in the quality of light impact plant health, which in turn impacts the efficacy of phytoremediation. Chapter Three presents data related to the anatomical characteristics, popular use, chemical composition, and forms of growth of Pistia stratiotes, a plant commonly used in phytoremediation. Chapter Four highlights the use of constructed wetlands in the treatment and recovery of dairy wastewater. Chapter Five provides the results of a study of different species of plants and their effects on the microbial activity of a limestone quarry. Chapter Six summarizes the properties of purple non sulfur bacteria and their use in plant growth enhancement and bioremediation. Chapter Seven examines which species of plant are most effective for removing lead and cadmium in agricultural areas. Finally, Chapter Eight provides a critical view about what should be done to boost research surrounding phytoremediation in order to generate more ecofriendly restoration processes to recover polluted lands.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Phytoremediation and Hyperacumulative Families
(Sevinç Adiloğlu and Seda Pamay – Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey)

Chapter 2. The Influence of Light Quality in Plants: A New Perspective for the Decontamination of Organic Compounds
(Murilo Ricardo Sigal Carriço, Mateus Cristofari Gayer, Marina Diaz Rodrigues, Cristine de Freitas Rodrigues, Maria Laura Videiro Schmitt, Elton Luiz Gasparotto Denardin and Rafael Roehrs – Laboratório de Análises Químicas Ambientais e Toxicológicas (LAQAT), Universidade Federal do Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS, Brazil)

Chapter 3. Pistia stratiotes as an Option for Aquatic Phytoremediation
(Bruna Piaia Ramborger, Maria Elizabeth Gomes Paz, Ketelin Monique Cavalheiro Kieling, Elton Luis Gasparotto Denardin and Rafael Roehrs – Laboratory of Chemical, Environmental and Toxicological Analysis (LAQAT), Federal University of Pampa, Uruguaiana – RS -Brazi,l et al.)

Chapter 4. Phytoremediation of Dairy Wastewater by Constructed Wetland Using Macrophytes: Technical and Environmental Aspects
(Rita de Cássia Souza de Queiroz, José Adolfo de Almeida Neto and Luciano Brito Rodrigues – Department of Education, Federal Institute of Bahia, Jequié, Bahia, et al.)

Chapter 5. Effect of Plant Species on Microbial Activity of a Substrate Used in Phytoremediation
(Maria G. Alifragki, Athina K. Pavlatou-Ve, and Michail Z. Orfanoudakis – Department of Forestry and Management of the Environment and Natural Resources, Democritus University of Thrace, Orestiada, Greece, et al.)

Chapter 6. Phytoremediation and Purple Non Sulfur Bacteria
(Muazzez Gürgan and Sevinç Adiloğlu – Department of Biology, Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University, Tekirdağ, Turkey, et al.)

Chapter 7. Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals Contaminated Rice Fields Using Wild-Found Plants: A New Approach for Sustainable Agriculture
(Nuril Hidayati and Dwi Setyo Rini – Research Center for Biology- Indonesian Institute of Sciences Jl. Raya Jakart, West Java, Indonesia)

Chapter 8. Phytoremediation: A Scientometric Analysis of Contribution in Scielo and Scopus Databases
(Ísis Danielle Sousa, Marcelino Benvindo Souza, Nayane Cristina Pires, Jackellyne Bruna Sousa, Liliane Santos Camargos, and Lucas Anjos Souza – Instituto Federal Goiano – IF Goiano, Campus Rio Verde. Rio Verde, GO, Brasil, et al.)


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