The Future of Energy: Prospective Scenarios on EU-Russia Relations



Series: Energy Policies, Politics and Prices
BISAC: SCI024000

This book presents the main conclusions reached by the academic project “Geopolitics of Gas and the Future of the Euro-Russian Relations (Geo4GER).” This project is being developed at IPRI — Portuguese Institute of International Relations, NOVA University, an academic research institute dedicated to advanced studies in Political Science and International Relations, of NOVA University of Lisbon, Portugal.

Energy security is a key issue on the international political agenda, a prerequisite for political stability and economic development and an indivisible part of a state’s overall security. For Europe, the high-energy insufficiency is a major challenge, given its dependence on external sources, especially from Russia, the lack of diversification of energy sources, and the poor branch of its transmission network. For Russia, energy has been a geopolitical factor of power and a potential strategic vector to its re-emergence as a great power in the international system.

However, in terms of energy, Russia also faces some long-term challenges, given the fall of its production and the low competitiveness of its gas, which is currently saved from the market where competition can hardly enter. Given this scenario, and also the increasingly important role in the political and strategic discussion of energy issues between Europe and Russia, it becomes relevant to diagnose the past and the present to forecast the medium and long term future (2030), taking into account the expected changes in the geopolitical and energetic environment, and the characteristics and dynamics of European-Russian relationship, including its energy interdependence and the energy policies and strategies outlined by Europe and Russia.
(Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents



Chapter 1. Energy Security Strategies: A Conceptual Interpretation
(António Paulo Duarte, Instituto de Defesa Nacional, Lisbon, Portugal)

Chapter 2. Energy Security in Perspective
(Carla Fernandes, IPRI – Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais, Lisbon, Portugal)

Chapter 3. Geopolitics, Foreign Policy and Energy Security
(Filipe Arnaut Moreira, Major General [Reserve] Portugal)

Chapter 4. Energy Challenges, Technology and New Energy Sources
(António Costa e Silva, Partex Oil & Gas, Lisbon, Portugal)

Chapter 5. The European Union and Security of Supply
(Pedro Camacho and Carla Fernandes, IPRI – Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais, Lisbon, Portugal)

Chapter 6. Russia in the World Energy Market
(Ana Campos and Anna Momotova, IPRI – Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais, Lisbon, Portugal)

Chapter 7. Russia Energy Relations: Geopoliticisation and the EU Perspective
(Maria Raquel Freire, Faculty of Economics of the University of Coimbra, Coimbra University, Portugal)

Chapter 8. The Evolving Geopolitics of Energy Transit in Europe
(Licinia Simão, FEUC|CES, University of Coimbra, Portugal)

Chapter 9. Russia-EU Energy Security Issues and Prospects: View from Moscow
(Aleksei Grivach, National Energy Security Fund, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 10. EU-Russia Gas Relation Scenarios up to 2035
(Félix Ribeiro, Carla Fernandes, Ana Campos, Anna Momotova and Franco Tomassoni, IPRI – Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais, Lisbon, Portugal)


Keywords: Energy, Security, Energy Security, EU, Russia, Gas relations, scenarios

Audience: Academic community: undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate Students, teachers and researchers in the fields of international relations, environment engineering, and the fields of energy. Decision makers in the field of public policies for economic, social, security and energy issues. Public in general.

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