The Effects and Performance Analysis of Non-linear Phase Noise in All Optical OFDM Systems

Iraj Sadegh Amiri
Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Amin Khodaei
University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Volker J. Sorger
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C., USA

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology
BISAC: TEC009010

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Due to the limitation of the electrical OFDM signal and electrical Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), all-optical OFDMs have recently received much attention. Accordingly, this research study was conducted to investigate the effect of phase noise in the performance of an all-optical OFDM transmission system with 4-point FFT single mode fiber (SMF) links by considering the effects of fiber length, input laser power and a number of channels. In all optical systems, the transmitter side consists of a comb power generator, wavelength selected switch and an optical QAM generator.

A comb power generator generates channels with a frequency separation of ∆f=25 GHz. Subsequently, a Wavelength Selected Switch (WSS) was used to split subcarriers and then the subcarriers were modulated individually with Optical QAM modulators. As the results show, a higher number of channels led more phase noise in terms of XPM and FWM nonlinearities, and signal power was the main factor in nonlinear fiber optics. As a consequence, there is more phase noise distortion at a higher signal power for a higher number of channels rather than the lower number of channels.

Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction to All-Optical OFDM Pros and Cons

Chapter 2. Principle of All-Optical OFDM Transmission Systems

Chapter 3. System Configuration of Coupler-Based All-Optical OFDM Transmission

Chapter 4. Results and Discussions of Phase Noise Effects Base on Fiber Length, Channel Numbers and Laser Power

Index

Chapter 1

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[20] I. S. Amiri, M. R. K. Soltanian & H. Ahmad, Application of Microring Resonators (MRRs) in Soliton Communications, in Optical Communication Systems: Fundamentals, Techniques and Applications, ed New York: Novascience Publisher, 2015.
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[35] Y. S. Neo, S. M. Idrus, M. F. Rahmat, S. E. Alavi & I. S. Amiri’, (2014) “Adaptive Control for Laser Transmitter Feedforward Linearization System,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6(4),
[36] S. E. Alavi, I. S. Amiri, S. M. Idrus, ASM Supa’at, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2014) “All Optical OFDM Generation for IEEE802.11a Based on Soliton Carriers Using MicroRing Resonators,” IEEE Photonics Journal, 6(1),
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[38] S. Amiri, S. E. Alavi, S. M. Idrus, A. S. M. Supa’at, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2014) “W-Band OFDM Transmission for Radio-over-Fiber link Using Solitonic Millimeter Wave Generated by MRR”, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 50(8), 622 - 628.
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[44] Iraj Sadegh Amiri, Sayed Ehsan Alavi & Sevia Mahdaliza Idrus, Soliton Coding for Secured Optical Communication Link. USA: Springer, 2014.
[45] S. Amiri, R. Ahsan, A. Shahidinejad, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2012) “Characterisation of bifurcation and chaos in silicon microring resonator,” IET Communications, 6(16), 2671-2675.
[46] S. Amiri, M. Ebrahimi, A. H. Yazdavar, S. Gorbani, S. E. Alavi, Sevia M. Idrus & J. Ali, (2014) “Transmission of data with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing technique for communication networks using GHz frequency band soliton carrier,” IET Communications, 8(8), 1364 – 1373.
[47] Afroozeh, I. S. Amiri, M. A. Jalil, M. Kouhnavard, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2011) “Multi Soliton Generation for Enhance Optical Communication,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, 83 136-140.
[48] S. Amiri, K. Raman, A. Afroozeh, M. A. Jalil, I. N. Nawi, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2011) “Generation of DSA for security application,” Procedia Engineering, 8 360-365.
[49] S. Amiri & J. Ali, (2014) “Optical Quantum Generation and Transmission of 57-61 GHz Frequency Band Using an Optical Fiber Optics,” Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience (CTN), 11(10), 2130-2135.

Chapter 2

[1] D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow & F. Frey, (2011) “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nature Photonics, 5(6), 364-371.
[2] Iraj Sadegh Amiri, Abdolkarim Afroozeh & Harith Ahmad, Integrated micro-ring photonics: Principles and Applications as Slow light devices, Soliton generation and optical transmission. United States: CRC Press, 2015.
[3] SE Alavi, IS Amiri, H Ahmad, ASM Supa’at & N Fisal, (2014) “Generation and Transmission of 3× 3 W-Band MIMO-OFDM-RoF Signals Using Micro-Ring Resonators,” Applied Optics, 53(34), 8049-8054.
[4] S. Amiri, A. Shahidinejad, A. Nikoukar, M. Ranjbar, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2012) “Digital Binary Codes Transmission via TDMA Networks Communication System Using Dark and Bright Optical Soliton,” GSTF Journal on Computing (joc), 2(1), 12.
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[7] S. Amiri, M. Ebrahimi, A. H. Yazdavar, S. Gorbani, S. E. Alavi, Sevia M. Idrus & J. Ali, (2014) “Transmission of data with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing technique for communication networks using GHz frequency band soliton carrier,” IET Communications, 8(8), 1364 – 1373.
[8] S. Amiri, S. E. Alavi & J. Ali, (2013) “High Capacity Soliton Transmission for Indoor and Outdoor Communications Using Integrated Ring Resonators,” International Journal of Communication Systems, 28(1), 147–160.
[9] S. E. Alavi, I. S. Amiri, S. M. Idrus, ASM Supa’at, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2014) “All Optical OFDM Generation for IEEE802.11a Based on Soliton Carriers Using MicroRing Resonators,” IEEE Photonics Journal, 6(1),
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[19] Y. S. Neo, S. M. Idrus, M. F. Rahmat, S. E. Alavi & I. S. Amiri', (2014) “Adaptive Control for Laser Transmitter Feedforward Linearization System,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6(4),
[20] Abdolkarim Afroozeh, Iraj Sadegh Amiri, Alireza Zeinalinezhad & Harith Ahmad, Characterization and Controlling of Soliton Signals Generated by Semiconductor Microring Resonators. USA: Springer, 2015.
[21] Afroozeh, I. S. Amiri, A. Zeinalinezhad, S. E. Pourmand, S. E. Alavi & H. Ahmad, (2015) “Comparison of Control Light using Kramers-Kronig Method by Three Waveguides,” Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience (CTN), 12(8),
[22] S. Amiri, S. E. Alavi, Sevia M. Idrus, A. Nikoukar & J. Ali, (2013) “IEEE 802.15.3c WPAN Standard Using Millimeter Optical Soliton Pulse Generated By a Panda Ring Resonator,” IEEE Photonics Journal, 5(5), 7901912.
[23] S. E. Alavi, I. S. Amiri, A. S. M. Supa’at & S. M. Idrus, (2015) “Indoor Data Transmission Over Ubiquitous Infrastructure of Powerline Cables and LED Lighting,” Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience (CTN), 12(4),
[24] Iraj Sadegh Amiri & Abdolkarim Afroozeh, Ring Resonator Systems to Perform the Optical Communication Enhancement Using Soliton. USA: Springer, 2014.
[25] Iraj Sadegh Amiri, Ali Nikoukar & Sayed Ehsan Alavi, Soliton and Radio over Fiber (RoF) Applications. Saarbrücken, Germany: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2014.
[26] Afroozeh, I. S. Amiri, M. A. Jalil, M. Kouhnavard, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2011) “Multi Soliton Generation for Enhance Optical Communication,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, 83 136-140.
[27] S. Amiri, S. Soltanmohammadi, A. Shahidinejad & j. Ali, (2013) “Optical quantum transmitter with finesse of 30 at 800-nm central wavelength using microring resonators,” Optical and Quantum Electronics, 45(10), 1095-1105.
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[30] S. Amiri, R. Ahsan, A. Shahidinejad, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2012) “Characterisation of bifurcation and chaos in silicon microring resonator,” IET Communications, 6(16), 2671-2675.
[31] S. Amiri & J. Ali, (2014) “Generating Highly Dark–Bright Solitons by Gaussian Beam Propagation in a PANDA Ring Resonator,” Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience (CTN), 11(4), 1092-1099.
[32] S. Amiri, S. E. Alavi & H. Ahmad, (2015) “Analytical Treatment of the Ring Resonator Passive Systems and Bandwidth Characterization Using Directional Coupling Coefficients,” Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience (CTN), 12(3),
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[36] S. Amiri, M. H. Khanmirzaei, M. Kouhnavard, P. P. Yupapin & J. Ali, Quantum Entanglement using Multi Dark Soliton Correlation for Multivariable Quantum Router, in Quantum Entanglement A. M. Moran, Ed., ed New York: Nova Science Publisher, 2012, pp. 111-122.
[37] S. Amiri, A. Nikoukar, A. Shahidinejad, J. Ali & P. Yupapin, (2012), “Generation of discrete frequency and wavelength for secured computer networks system using integrated ring resonators,” in Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE) Conference, Malaysia, 775-778.
[38] S. Amiri & J. Ali, (2014) “Optical Quantum Generation and Transmission of 57-61 GHz Frequency Band Using an Optical Fiber Optics,” Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience (CTN), 11(10), 2130-2135.
[39] S. Amiri, P. Naraei & J. Ali, (2014) “Review and Theory of Optical Soliton Generation Used to Improve the Security and High Capacity of MRR and NRR Passive Systems,” Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience (CTN), 11(9), 1875-1886.
[40] S. Amiri, S. E. Alavi, M. Bahadoran, A. Afroozeh & H. Ahmad, (2015) “Nanometer Bandwidth Soliton Generation and Experimental Transmission within Nonlinear Fiber Optics Using an Add-Drop Filter System,” Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience (CTN), 12(2),
[41] I. S. Amiri, M. R. K. Soltanian, S. E. Alavi & H. Ahmad, (2015) “Multi Wavelength Mode-lock Soliton Generation Using Fiber Laser Loop Coupled to an Add-drop Ring Resonator,” Optical and Quantum Electronics,
[42] I. S. Amiri & A. Afroozeh, Mathematics of Soliton Transmission in Optical Fiber, in Ring Resonator Systems to Perform Optical Communication Enhancement Using Soliton, ed USA: Springer, 2014.
[43] S. Amiri, S. E. Alavi & S. M. Idrus’, (2014) “Solitonic Pulse Generation and Characterization by Integrated Ring Resonators,” presented at the 5th International Conference on Photonics 2014 (ICP2014), Kuala Lumpur.
[44] S. Amiri & J. Ali, (2013) “Data Signal Processing Via a Manchester Coding-Decoding Method Using Chaotic Signals Generated by a PANDA Ring Resonator,” Chinese Optics Letters, 11(4), 041901(4).
[45] S. Amiri, A. Afroozeh & M. Bahadoran, (2011) “Simulation and Analysis of Multisoliton Generation Using a PANDA Ring Resonator System,” Chinese Physics Letters, 28(10), 104205.
[46] S. Amiri, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2012) “Enhancement of FSR and Finesse Using Add/Drop Filter and PANDA Ring Resonator Systems,” International Journal of Modern Physics B, 26(04), 1250034.
[47] S. Amiri, A. Afroozeh, I. N. Nawi, M. A. Jalil, A. Mohamad, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2011) “Dark Soliton Array for communication security,” Procedia Engineering, 8 417-422.
[48] I. S. Amiri & A. Afroozeh, Integrated Ring Resonator Systems, in Ring Resonator Systems to Perform Optical Communication Enhancement Using Soliton, ed. USA: Springer, 2014.
[49] I. S. Amiri & A. Afroozeh, Introduction of Soliton Generation, in Ring Resonator Systems to Perform Optical Communication Enhancement Using Soliton, ed. USA: Springer, 2014.
[50] Sadegh Amiri, M. Nikmaram, A. Shahidinejad & J. Ali, (2013) “Generation of potential wells used for quantum codes transmission via a TDMA network communication system,” Security and Communication Networks, 6(11), 1301-1309.
[51] Iraj Sadegh Amiri & Harith Ahmad, Optical Soliton Communication Using Ultra-Short Pulses. USA: Springer, 2014.
[52] S. Amiri, S. E. Alavi & S. M. Idrus, Theoretical Background of Microring Resonator Systems and Soliton Communication, in Soliton Coding for Secured Optical Communication Link, ed USA: Springer, 2015, pp. 17-39.
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Chapter 3

[1] K. P. Ho & H. W. Cuei, (2005) “Generation of arbitrary quadrature signals using one dual-drive modulator,” Journal of lightwave technology, 23(2), 764.
[2] M. Seimetz, (2005), “Multi-format transmitters for coherent optical M-PSK and M-QAM transmission,” in Transparent Optical Networks, 2005, Proceedings of 2005 7th International Conference 225-229.
[3] Abdolkarim Afroozeh, Iraj Sadegh Amiri, Alireza Zeinalinezhad & Harith Ahmad, Characterization and Controlling of Soliton Signals Generated by Semiconductor Microring Resonators. USA: Springer, 2015.
[4] S. Amiri, S. E. Alavi, Sevia M. Idrus, A. Nikoukar & J. Ali, (2013) “IEEE 802.15.3c WPAN Standard Using Millimeter Optical Soliton Pulse Generated By a Panda Ring Resonator,” IEEE Photonics Journal, 5(5), 7901912.
[5] I. S. Amiri, S. E. Alavi, N. Fisal, A. S. M. Supa’at & H Ahmad, (2014) “All-Optical Generation of Two IEEE802.11n Signals for 2×2 MIMO-RoF via MRR System”, IEEE Photonics Journal, 6(6),
[6] S. E. Alavi, I. S. Amiri, M. Khalily, A. S. M. Supa’ at, N. Fisal, H. Ahmad & S. M. Idrus, (2014) “W-Band OFDM for Radio-over-Fibre Direct-Detection Link Enabled By Frequency Nonupling Optical Up-Conversion,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6(6),
[7] S. E. Alavi, I. S. Amiri, S. M. Idrus, ASM Supa’at, J. Ali & P. P. Yupapin, (2014) “All Optical OFDM Generation for IEEE802.11a Based on Soliton Carriers Using MicroRing Resonators,” IEEE Photonics Journal, 6(1),
[8] Y. S. Neo, S. M. Idrus, M. F. Rahmat, S. E. Alavi & I. S. Amiri', (2014) “Adaptive Control for Laser Transmitter Feedforward Linearization System,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6(4),
[9] Iraj Sadegh Amiri & Abdolkarim Afroozeh, Ring Resonator Systems to Perform the Optical Communication Enhancement Using Soliton. USA: Springer, 2014.
[10] S. Amiri, M. Ebrahimi, A. H. Yazdavar, S. Gorbani, S. E. Alavi, Sevia M. Idrus & J. Ali, (2014) “Transmission of data with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing technique for communication networks using GHz frequency band soliton carrier,” IET Communications, 8(8), 1364 – 1373.
[11] I. S. Amiri, M. R. K. Soltanian, S. E. Alavi & H. Ahmad, (2015) “Multi Wavelength Mode-lock Soliton Generation Using Fiber Laser Loop Coupled to an Add-drop Ring Resonator,” Optical and Quantum Electronics,
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Chapter 4

[1] H. Chen, M. Chen & S. Xie, (2009) All-optical sampling orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing scheme for high-speed transmission system, Lightwave Technology, Journal of, 27(21), 4848-4854.
[2] S. Kumar, Impact of Nonlinearities on Fiber Optic Communications vol. 7: Springer Science & Business Media, 2011.
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[4] G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-optic communication systems vol. 1, 1997.

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