The Dutch: Creativity in the Face of Nature

Yehuda Cohen, PhD
Independent Researcher, Formerly – A Postdoctoral Researcher at the Political Science Department of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel

Series: Post-Nationality in the European Union’s East and North
BISAC: HIS010020



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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This volume examines the evolution of the Dutch along their entire history, identifying the correlation between Dutch history and their unique motives. In this regard, it is unprecedented; thus, it retrieves the following new insights as to Dutch nationality, if any, and its prospective future.

Since the main difficulties facing the Dutch were the forces of nature, they developed a practical approach to overcoming obstacles, devoid of hostility engendered in people whose main opponents are human. The Dutch, therefore, uplifted themselves with their predisposition toward practical resolutions.

When, during WWII, Germany conquered the Netherlands, the unique Dutch way of life, including pillarization, was not threatened, thus the Dutch cooperated with the German conquerors, exhibiting their status as an ethnicity rather than a nationality, since their most cherished treasure was their unique way of life – not political independence. (Imprint: Nova)

Series Preface



Chapter 1. From Antiquity to the Beginning of the Middle Ages

Chapter 2. From the Middle Ages to the Eve of the Dutch Golden Age

Chapter 3. From the Eve of the Dutch Golden Age up to Napoleon

Chapter 4. From after Napoleon until the Eve of World War I

Chapter 5. Eve of World War I till Outbreak of World War II

Chapter 6. World War II, Indonesia, European Community

Chapter 7. The Essence of the Dutch

Alphabetic References


About the Author


“Dr. Cohen's keen insight, as demonstrated in his groundbreaking book about the Dutch, reveals those characteristics that make the Dutch unique. This volume, belongs to a series which deals with national and post-national Europe presenting a type of nationalism that diverges from that which dominated the lives of Europeans from mid-19th century till the middle of the 20th. Dr. Cohen refines and enriches our understanding of nationalism and its relation to the future of the EU.” - Prof. Gabriel Sheffer, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem

[1] Schuchart, Max. 1972. The Netherlands. New York: Walker and Company.
[2] Cohen, Yehuda. 2012. The Spanish: Shadows of Embarrassment. Eastbourne: Sussex Academic Press.
[3] Lambert, Audrey M. 1971. The Making of the Dutch Landscape: An Historical Geography of the Netherlands. London and New York: Seminar Press Ltd.
[4] Johnston, William M., and Christopher Kleinhenz, eds. 2015. Encyclopedia of Monasticism, vol. 1&2. New York: Rutledge.
[5] Israel, Jonathan. 1995. The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall, 1477-1806. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
[6] Cohen, Yehuda. 2011. The French: Myths of Revolution. Eastbourne: Sussex Academic Press.
[7] Prak, Maarten. 2005. The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century: The Golden Age. Translated by Diane Webb. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
[8] Israel, Jonathan I. 1997(a). Conflicts of Empires: Spain, the Low Countries and the Struggle for World Supremacy 1585-1713. London and Rio Grande: The Hambledon Press.
[9] Cohen, Yehuda. 2014. The British: Reverence towards Nationality. Jerusalem: Priests Publishing.
[10] Cohen, Yehuda. 2013. The Italians: Family as a Core. Eastbourne: Sussex Academic Press.
[11] Cohen, Yehuda. 2010. The Germans: Absent Nationality and the Holocaust. Eastbourne: Sussex Academic Press.
[12] Israel, Jonathan I. 1989. Dutch Primacy in World Trade, 1585-1740. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
[13] Zanden Luiten, van, Jan, and Arthur van Riel. 2004. The Structures of Inheritance: The Dutch Economy in the Nineteenth Century. Translated by Jan Cresie. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
[14] Israel, Jonathan I. 1990. Empires and Entrepôts: The Dutch, the Spanish Monarchy and the Jews, 1585-1713. London and Ronceverte: The Hambledon Press.
[15] Rowen, Herbert H. 1992. “The Revolution That Wasn’t: The Coup d’État of 1650 in Holland.” In The Rhyme and Reason of Politics in Early Modern Europe: Collected Essays of Herbert H. Rowen, edited by Craig E. Harline, 63-81. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
[16] Schama, Simon. 1977. Patriots and Liberators: Revolution I the Nederland, 1780-1813. New York: Knopf.
[17] McCullough, David. 2001. John Adams. New York: Simon & Schuster.
[18] Kossmann, E. H. 1978. The Low Countries 1780-1940. Oxford: The Clarendon Press.
[19] Andeweg, Rudy B., and Galen A. Irwin. 2002. Governance and Politics of the Netherlands.

London: Palgrave MacMillan.
[20] Warmbrunn, Werner. 1963. The Dutch under German Occupation 1940-1945. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
[21] Lagrou, Peter. 2000. “Belgium.” In Resistance in Western Europe, edited by Bob Moore, 27-64. Oxford: Berg.
[22] Galen Last, van, Dick. 2000. “The Netherlands.” In Resistance in Western Europe, edited by Bob Moore, 27-64. Oxford: Berg.
[23] Cohen, Yehuda. 2003. Why Religion? About One of the Strongest and Most Productive Motifs in Human Life.

Jerusalem: Priests Publishing.
[24] Pearson, Frederic S. 1981. The Case of The Netherlands in the German Invasion Crisis of 1939-40: The Weak State in International Crisis. Washington: University Press of America.
[25] Campen, van, S. I. P. 1958. The Quest for Security: Some Aspects of Netherlands Foreign Policy 1945-1950.

The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
[26] Shore, Cris. 2000. Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration.

London and New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
[27] Israel, Jonathan. 1997(b). “The Intellectual Debate About Toleration in the Dutch Republic.” In The Emergence of Tolerance in the Dutch Republic, edited by C. Berkvens-Stevelinck, J. Israel, and G. H. M. Posthumus Meyjes, 3-36. Leiden, New York, Köln: Brill.
[28] Taylor, Paul. 2008. The End of European Integration: Anti-Europeanism Examined.

New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
[29] Athanassiou, Phoebus. 2009. “Withdrawal and Expulsion from the EU and EMU, Some Reflections.” Legal Working Paper Series No. 10, December. Accessed September 8, 2011.

The current volume and series (as its companion series) take a stab at the EU's future and the entwined question: Is that currently entertained notion of post-nationality, a phenomenon that has evolved in Europe after World War II, is now being transformed into a unified, singular super-nationality that the Europeans would become emotionally interlaced with, one that would win their loyalty.
These are matters of current value and interest to every intelligent individual in Europe (and certainly to every business and governmental entity), as it is of interest to non-European intelligentsia. This question has assumed, these days, burning actuality in the UK. Moreover, it is a core of insight for understanding the true motives of the Pan-Europeans in extending economic succor to a country that is not able to stand on its own two feet. It turns out that the motives of the Europeans in assisting Greece are more inspired by a sense of European unity than by sober financial considerations, a touchstone for the understanding – delineated in the volumes of this and the previous series – that in Europe, and probably not only in Europe, there is no room for a nationality vacuum; human beings, possess an urge for associating nationally, and if that is no longer offered within the framework of an individual state, then they would seek to attain it in a broader framework, taking into account cultural affinities or joint regional fate, as is the situation in Latin America, and as is the case in the United States and Canada.

Since, as our volumes indicate, the UK would eventually depart the EU, it is possible that the historical kinship of the Anglo-Saxon world would lead Britain to form in the foreseeable future a commonwealth with Canada and the United States.

All these issues are addressed in depth in our volumes on post-national Europe. They are not encaged in the limited scope of one academic discipline or another (e.g., research on Nationalism or EU research). This is a hot topical issue at the center of interest of educated people within and without the world of academia

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