Terpenes: Biosynthesis, Applications and Research

Albin Bjarke (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013040

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In this collection, terpenes in oregano, mainly represented by the essential oils, are extensively documented for their antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties, with the goal of describing the biological properties of terpenes from oregano and their mechanism of action. Next, the authors focus on solid acid catalysts as potential heterogeneous catalysts for terpenes conversion into fragrances and flavours, replacing homogenous ones. Different reactions, such hydration, alkoxylation, esterification, isomerization and cyclization of terpenes over heterogenous catalyts will be reviewed. Afterwards, turpentine (consisting of the volatile terpenes fraction from conifer wood) is analyzed because of its place as the most widely produced essential oil.

Lastly, the authors discusses the effects of terpene-rich essential oils. Although several studies describe the cardioprotective effects of these essential oils, a systematic review is lacking. Therefore, a compilation of these studies is presented with special focus on the hypotensive, vasorelaxant, modulation of ion channels, anti-dyslipidaemic, and antiplatelet aggregation effects as well as the protective effects against myocardial infarction.

Preface

Chapter 1. Terpenes in Oregano: Constituents, Extraction, Analysis and Biological Properties
(Nayely Leyva-López, Erick P. Gutiérrez-Grijalva, Gabriela Vazquez-Olivo, Laura A. Contreras-Angulo, Alexis Emus-Medina and J. Basilio Heredia, Laboratory of Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C. Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico, and others)

Chapter 2. Conversion of Monoterpenes into Flavors and Fragrances over Solid Acid Catalysts
(J. E. Castanheiro, Centro de Química de Évora, Departamento de Química, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal)

Chapter 3. Volatile Terpene Emissions from Wood Processing in Pulp Mills
(Frédérique Bertaud, Centre Technique du Papier (CTP), InTechFibres Team, Grenoble, France)

Chapter 4. Effects on the Cardiovascular System of Terpene-Rich Essential Oils
(Jorge M. Alves-Silva, Júlia Barbeitos, Carla Marques, Lígia Salgueiro, Henrique Girão and Mónica Zuzarte, CIEPQPF and Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal)

Index

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