Terpenes and Terpenoids: Sources, Applications and Biological Significance

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Charles A. Davies (Editor)

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: SCI007000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/XEFS4090

Terpenoids are the secondary metabolites of plant derivatives, mainly found in essential oils derived from higher plant sources. Terpenes are simple hydrocarbons, whereas terpenoids are modified terpenes containing different functional groups and oxidized methyl groups. This volume includes seven chapters examining topics related to terpenes and terpenoids. Chapter One describes mono- and sesquiterpenoids isolated from plants of the Inula L. genus and discusses biological activity of extracts and individual sesquiterpene lactones. Chapter Two covers the nature of terpenoids together with their biological activities and their isolation from endemic species from the Asteraceae family growing in Algerian Sahara and used as medicinal plants. Chapter Three introduces a catalyst system using Keggin heteropolyacid salts and hydrogen peroxide to epoxidize terpenic alcohols. Chapter Four examines the phyto-active components of terpenoids as sources of insecticide. Chapter Five describes how organic compounds containing functional groups like ketone, alcohol, and epoxide undergo rearrangement with sulfuric acid, yielding unexpected results. Chapter Six focuses on alkoxylation of terpenes over heterogenous catalysts. Lastly, Chapter Seven presents a discussion about the importance of Brazilian flora for herbal medicine.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Terpenoids of Inula L. Genus Plants
(Rimma F. Mukhamatkhanova, Dilnoza E. Dusmatova and Ildar D. Sham’yanov – The laboratory of the Chemistry of Terpenoids and Phenolic Compounds, The Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Tashkent, Uzbekistan)

Chapter 2. Phytochemical Prospection of Biologically Active Terpenoids from Saharan Endemic Medicinal Plants
(Abdelkrim Cheriti – Phytochemistry and Organic Synthesis Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, UTMB, Algeria)

Chapter 3. Keggin Heteropolyacid Salts-Catalyzed Terpenes Epoxide Synthesis
(Marcio Jose da Silva and Castelo Bandane Vilanculo – Chemistry Department, Federal University of Vicosa, Vicosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil)

Chapter 4. Terpenoids: The Phyto-Active Components as Sources of Insecticide
(Bhabesh Deka, Archana Borah, Uma Dutta and Azariah Babu – Department of Entomology, North Bengal Regional Research and Development Centre, Nagrakata, West Bengal, India, et al.)

Chapter 5. Sulfuric Acid Promoted Molecular Rearrangement. Applications in Synthesis of Terpenoid Compounds
(Ajoy K. Banerjee, Lisbeth Mendoza, Betzabeth Briceño, William J. Vera, Alexis Maldonado, Elvia V. Cabrera and Dioni Arriechi – Chemistry Center, Venezuelan Institute of Scientific Research (IVIC), Caracas, Venezuela, et al.)

Chapter 6. Alkoxylation of Terpenes over Heterogenous Catalysts
(J. E. Castanheiro, A. P. Pinto and M. E. Lopes – MED, Departamento de Química, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal, et al.)

Chapter 7. Characteristics and Applications of Terpenes and Terpenoids from Brazilian Flora
(Luciana A. A. P. Fonseca and Marco A. Cremasco – School of Chemical Engineering, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil)

Index

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