Syngas Generation from Hydrocarbons and Oxygenates with Structured Catalysts

Vladislav Sadykov
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Russia

Ljudmila Bobrova
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Novosibirsk, Russia

Svetlana Pavlova
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Russia

Valentina Simagina
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Russia

Lev Makarshin
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Russia

Valentin Parmon
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Russia

Julian R.H. Ross
Centre of Environmental Research University of Limerick, Ireland

Andre C. Van Veen

Claude Mirodatos
L’Institut de recherches sur la catalyse et l’environnement de Lyon (IRCELyon), France

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology
BISAC: TEC031000

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Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Syngas generation by oxidative or steam reforming of hydrocarbons and oxygenates now attracts a lot of attention of researchers in the fields of heterogeneous catalysis and chemical engineering due to its tremendous importance for energy generation and synfuels production. This book reviews results of the long-term research of the international team of scientists aimed at development of efficient processes of syngas generation in structured catalytic reactors. Multiscale integrated optimization approach is applied throughout this work including the design of nanocomposite active components stable to coking and sintering; developing heat-conducting monolithic substrates comprised of refractory alloys and cermets (honeycomb and microchannel structures, gauzes etc) and procedures of their loading with active components; design and manufacturing of several types of pilot-scale reactors (with the radial or the axial flow direction) equipped with unique liquid fuel evaporation and mixing units and internal heat exchangers. Extended tests of these reactors fed by fuels from C1 to gasoline, mineral and sunflower oil have been carried out with a broad variation of experimental parameters including stability tests up to 1000 h. Performance analysis has been made with a due regard for equilibrium restrictions on the operational parameters. Transient behavior of the monolith reactor during start-up (ignition) of the methane partial oxidation to synthesis gas was studied and analyzed via mathematical modeling based upon detailed elementary step mechanism. This provides required bases for theoretical optimization of the catalyst bed configuration and process parameters. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1. Reforming chemistry;pp. 1-6
1.1. Steam reforming
1.2. Partial oxidation
1.3. Autothermal reforming
1.4. Coke deposition.

Chapter 2. Catalysts for reforming hydrocarbon fuels and oxygenates;pp. 7-28
2.1. Catalysts for syngas generation from hydrocarbon fuels
2.2. Catalysts for transformation of oxygenates into syngas
2.3. The textural features of structured catalytic systems

Chapter 3. Thermodynamics of fuels reforming into syngas;pp. 29-46
3.1. Effect of the reaction temperature.
3.2. Effect of pressure.
3.3. Effect of the O2/C molar ratio.
3.4. Reforming of Biomass-Derived Products

Chapter 4. Numerical study of the partial oxidation of methane;pp. 47-61

Chapter 5. Some application of structured catalysts for syngas generation from hydrocarbons and oxygenates in the pilot scale reactors;pp. 63-112
5.1. Syngas generation in a monolithic reactor
5.1.1. Composite ceramometal monolith
5.1.2. Metallic monolith
5.1.3. Ignition studies.
5.1.4. Effect of pressure on partial oxidation of methane
5.1.5. Steam reforming of methane and ethanol over monolithic catalysts
5.2. Autothermal radial-flow reactor with structured catalysts
5.3. Syngas generation by catalytic partial oxidation of n-decane
5.4. Syngas generation by catalytic reforming of industrial mineral oil
5.5. Syngas generation by fuel reforming in microreactors

Chapter 6. Unbidden phenomena in the reforming reactor;pp. 113-115

Conclusion;pp. 117

Acknowledgements

References

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