Sustainability in Chemical Processes through Digitalization and Green Chemistry Approaches

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Susarla V.A.R. Sastry, PhD– Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Technology, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, India
Shravan Kumar, PhD – Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, India
Ashish Kapoor, PhD – Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, India

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology
BISAC: TEC009010; TEC009000; TEC066000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/HUMP1467

The sustainability of chemical processes extends beyond the physical and chemical sciences to include the biological sciences – reflected by bio and green modifiers, and other resources like alternate energy, alternate feedstock, green processes with minimal footprint and minimal environmental impact, process intensification, recycling etc.

Digitalization has transformed the chemical industry rapidly across its entire value chain through predictive maintenance and process automation. There are applications of artificial intelligence in the chemical engineering field, such as modeling, optimization, process control, reaction engineering, fault detection and diagnosis. Artificial Intelligence (AI) could provide a significant impact in problem-solving, mathematical analysis and information technology by optimizing processes in chemical industries. AI has promising applications in new areas that include materials designs such as catalysts, nanostructures, pharmaceuticals, additives, polymeric composites, rubber compounds and alloys. Also, machine learning is an area of AI that has been used to integrate physical models and computational techniques for autonomous molecular design in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, especially in the manufacturing of soft bio-inspired materials. AI can make industrial processes safer & cleaner, and help invent new molecules for specific customer needs, including the increased circularity of materials. Over the next few years it will be critical for the chemical sector to find the right applications of AI technologies that can bring benefits in terms of reducing energy consumption, the reduction of environmental pollution, the realization of a full circular economy, cost reductions and product quality improvements.

Sustainability chemistry focuses on the design of products and processes that eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances and make the global environment clean and safe. Increased drive for sustainable products and technologies, enhanced customer specifications, new performance requirements and the ground-breaking integration of mass data technologies is creating a vibrant and evolving landscape of opportunities and challenges.

This book will provide an excellent opportunity to all the stake holders in the industries, consumer interest organizations, regulatory agencies, policy implementers and research organizations by providing future directions in the areas of soaps and detergents; vegetable oils; food & beverages; paints & coatings; bimolecular & bioprocesses technologies; packaging; leather products; petrochemicals & polymers; essential oils & cosmetics, and biofuels & lubricants.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. The Transformation of Chemical Engineering with Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML): A Review of Future Opportunities and Challenges
Vivaksha Patel, Haresh Dave and Kaushik Nath
Department of Chemical Engineering, GCET (CVMU), Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, India

Chapter 2. Modeling the Biosorption of Heavy Metal Ions on MFLP as a Biosorbent Using an Artificial Neural Network Approach
D. Venkata Padma1, S. V. A. R. Sastry2, S. Kishore Kumar3, R. Hema Latha1 and Ch. Vinodh Kumar4
1
Faculty, Department of Chemical Engineering, MVGRCE(A), Vizianagaram, A. P., India
2Faculty, School of Chemical Technology, HBTU, Kanpur, U. P., India
3PG student, Department of Chemical Engineering, AUCE(A), Vizag, A. P., India
4Faculty, Government Institute of Chemical Engineering, Vizag, A. P., India

Chapter 3. The Identification of Various Materials in Process Industries Using Advanced Intelligent Techniques
Pawar Ajay Abhaysing, Nilesh Shriram Vishwakarma, Patil Sharvari Narendra, Piyush Bhatee, Raju Yerolla and Chandra Shekar Besta
Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Calicut, India

Chapter 4. Chromium Removal from Tannery Effluent Waste by a Forward Osmosis System
Chhanda Mondal Roy1,2, Urjoshi Chatterjee3, Dipankar Pal4 and Jaya Sikder1
1
Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, India
2Department of Civil Engineering, Dr. B. C. Roy Polytechnic College, Durgapur, India
3Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata, India
4Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy, Visakhapatnam, India

Chapter 5. The Utilization of the Spray Cooling Mechanism for the Comparison of Heat Transfer Analysis between Ni-P and Ni-P-Cu-Coated Mild Steel
Suparna Bhattacharyyaa, Deepak Choudharya, Surya K. Palb and Sudipto Chakrabortya
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India

Chapter 6. Recent Developments in Leak Detection Techniques for Pipelines: A Critical Evaluation
Adarsh Kumar Arya1, S.V.A.R. Sastry1, Sneha1, Bhoomi Gupta1 and Murli Pujari2
1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering Studies, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Energy Acres, Bidholi, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Chapter 7. The Co-Pyrolysis of Erythrina Indica and Azadirachta Indica in a Tubular Reactor
Gaffer Ahmed and Nanda Kishore
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, India

Chapter 8. CO2 Sequestering and Its Utilization for the Production of Bioenergy Using Microalgae Potential
Shravan Kumar1, Prateek Mishra1,  Anjali Awasthi2 and S. V. A. R. Sastry2
1
Department of Biochemical Engineering, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Department of Chemical Engineering, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Chapter 9. Primary Reformer Outlet Gas Composition Estimation with Natural Gas Feed Stocks Containing Higher Hydrocarbons
Vishwas Deshpande
(Ex). Assistant Vice President, Reliance Industries Limited, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India

Chapter 10. The Effects of the Direction of Mass Transfer and Channel Diameter on Solvent Extraction in Core-Annular Flow (CAF) in a Microchannel
R. K. Chaurasiya1,2, K. K. Singh1,2, S. Chakraborty1,3 and S. Mukhopadhyay1,2
1
Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, India
2Chemical Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India
3Radiopharmaceutial Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India

Chapter 11. A Comparison of the Drop Formation at a Flat-Tip Nozzle, Sharp-Tip Nozzle and a Hole in a Plate: A Numerical Study
Swati Agarwal1,2, Nirvik Sen1,2, K. K. Singh1,2 and G. Sugilal1,2
1
Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, India
2Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India

Chapter 12. Water Absorption Behavior of Bamboo Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites
N. Shukla and G. L. Devnani
1Chemical Engineering Department, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, U. P., India

Chapter 13. Experimental Studies on Mixed Micelle Concentrations and Gemini Surfactants
Sara Fatima
Department of Chemical Engineering, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, U. P., India

Chapter 14. Maleic Anhydride-Based Surfactants and Their Properties
Smriti Dwivedi, P. K. S. Yadav and Gaurav Singh
Department of Oil Technology, School of Chemical Technology, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Chapter 15. Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbon Electrodes with Ionic Gel Electrolytes for Super Capacitive Energy Storage
Mercy Jacquline B1, Ameelia Roseline A2 and Kalaiselvam S1,3,4
1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Anna University, Chennai, India
2Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Panimalar Engineering College,Chennai, India
3Centre for Industrial Safety, Anna University, Chennai, India
4Department of Mechanical Engineering, Anna University, Chennai, India

Chapter 16. The Design and Development of Molten Salt Batteries
Aswin Muraleedharan and Jyoti Sahu
Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Chapter 17. The Facile Synthesis of an Amino-Functionalized Nanocellulosic Fibrous Mat (NH2/CA-EC)
from a Plant Source for the Enhanced Removal of Organo Arsenic Contaminants
B. Uma Maheswari, V. M. Sivakumar and M. Thirumarimurugan
Department of Chemical Engineering, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, India

Chapter 18. The Effect of Microwave Blanching as a Green Chemistry Technique on the Quality of Lotus Rhizome Slices
Singh Akanksha1 and Kumar Vivek2
1
School of Biochemical Engineering, IIT BHU, Varanasi, India
2Department of Food Technology, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, India

Chapter 19. The Modeling of a Precision-Controlled Cooling Water System for Resonating the Cavity Structure of a Proton Accelerator
Satish Lukka1,2, Vimal K. Kotak1,3, Samiran Sengupta1,3 and Nilesh C. Gohel3
1
Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushakti Nagar, Mumbai, India
2Reactor Projects Division, BARC, Trombay, Mumbai, India
3Research Reactor Design and Projects Division, BARC, Trombay, Mumbai, India

Chapter 20. The Process Simulation and Optimization of Dimethyl Ether Production from Biogas Using Aspen Plus
D. Venkata Padma1, S. V. A. R. Sastry2, S. Kishore Kumar3 and R. Hemalatha1
1
Faculty, Department of Chemical Engineering, MVGRCE(A), Vizianagaram, A. P., India
2Faculty, School of Chemical Technology, HBTU, Kanpur, U. P., India
3PG Student, Department of Chemical Engineering, AUCE, Visakhapatanam, A. P., India

Chapter 21. The Modeling and Simulation of the Bio-Drying Performance of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Under Different Aeration Rates
Ravi Kumar Jatav, Ani Lawrance and A. Arunagiri
Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Chapter 22. The Modeling of CO2 Conversion and Capture Techniques Using Aspen Plus
S. K. Raja1, Munnangi Ananya1, C. Karthikeyan2 and P. Anand Kumar1
1
Department of Chemical Engineering, St. Joseph’s College of Engineering, Chennai, India
2Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India

Chapter 23. An Experimental, Modeling and Optimization Study on the Formation of Solidified Natural Gas
Dhaval Patel, Bhvikkumar Mahant, Omkar Singh Kushwaha and Rajnish Kumar
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Chapter 24. The Enhanced Temperature Control of a CSTR Using the Harris Hawks Optimization Algorithm
Siva Ramakrishna B1,2, Devendra Potnuru2 and M. S. N. Murty1
1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering (A), Madhurawada, Visakhapatnam, India
2Department of EEE, Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering for Women (A), Madhurawada, Visakhapatnam, India

Chapter 25. A Review on the Cavitation-Assisted Formulation of Nanocarriers for the Controlled Delivery of Poorly Soluble Drugs
Lakshay Vashishtha1 and Manisha V. Bagal2, Professor
Department of Chemical Engineering, BVCOE NM, Mumbai University, India

Chapter 26. The Synergistic Effect of Graphene Oxide in Polymer Flooding with Surfactant for Enhanced Oil Recovery
Bhuvanesh M.1,3,4, Ameelia Roseline A.2 and Kalaiselvam S.1,3,4
1Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai, India
2Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai, India
3Centre for Industrial Safety, Anna University, Chennai, India
4Department of Mechanical Engineering, CEG Campus, Anna University, Chennai, India

Chapter 27. The Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles from the Residual Biomass of Spirulina Platensis and Its Applications
Bharathidasan Kanniappan, Naveen M. and Perarasu Thangavelu
Thermal and Bio Analysis Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Alagappa College of Technology Campus, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Chapter 28. The Green Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles for Cleaning and Microbial Applications
Vaishali Ajay Giri, Chandrika Sengar, S. V. A. R. Sastry and Ashish Kapoor
Department of Chemical Engineering, H.B.T.U. Kanpur, India

Chapter 29. The Synthesis of Nanocellulose Using Plants and Agro-Wastes and Its Applications in Water Purification
Chandrika Sengar, Vaishali Ajay Giri, Ashish Kapoor and S. V. A. R. Sastry
Department of Chemical Engineering, HBTU Kanpur, U. P., India

Chapter 30. An Assessment of Methane Generation from Municipal Solid Waste Using the LandGEM Model for Kanpur City, India
Shubham Chandra and Rajiv Ganguly
Department of Civil Engineering, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, India

Chapter 31. The Numerical Simulation and Comparison of Flow through Y and Spherical Junction Ventilator Splitters
Aniruddh Mukunth, Raj Shree Rajagopalan and Naren Rajan Parlikkad
School of Chemical & Biotechnology, SASTRA Deemed to be University, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India

Chapter 32. The Treatment of Industrial Wastewater Containing Dyes Using Bio-Adsorbent Made from Different Leaves
Anjali Awasthi, Khushi Rastogi, Vineet Maheshwari, Susarla Venkata Ananta Rama Sastry and Ashish Kapoor
Department of Chemical Engineering, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Chapter 33. The Operation of a Modified Rotating Biological Contactor (RBC) for the Enhanced Reclamation of Dye Wastewater
Khyati K. Modi1,2 and Kaushik Nath3
1
Department of Environmental Engineering, Government Engineering College, Valsad, Gujarat, India
2Research Scholar, Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3Department of Chemical Engineering, G H Patel College of Engineering and Technology, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, India

Chapter 34. Carbonized MOF-5 with Graphitic Carbon Nitride for an Efficient Visible Light-Driven Photocatalytic Performance
Jeny Rachel Biju1, Baskaralingam Palanichamy2 and Sivanesan Subramanian1
1
Environmental Management Laboratory, Department of Applied Science and Technology, Alagappa College of Technology, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Chemistry, College of Engineering Guindy, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Chapter 35. A Performance Analysis of Novel Energy Efficient Electrodes for Capacitive Deionization
V. Dharnidhar Bhardwaj and Jyoti Sahu
Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Chapter 36. The Removal of Lead (Pb) Using Mallet Flower Leaf Powder as an Adsorbent
D. Venkata Padma1, S. V. A. R. Sastry2, D. Krishna1 and P. Karthikeya Nikhil1
1
Department of Chemical Engineering, MVGRCE(A), Vizianagaram, A.P., India
2School of Chemical Technology, HBTU, Kanpur, U.P., India

Chapter 37. The Effect of Clay Idols and Plaster of Paris (Pop) Immersion on Water Quality
Hritik Sachan1, Prateek Mishra2, Vartika Nishad3, Shravan Kumar3 and S. V. A. R. Sastry4
1
Department of Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
2,3Department of Biochemical Engineering, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
4Department of Chemical Engineering, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Chapter 38. An Assessment of Methane Generation from Municipal Solid Waste Using the LandGEM Model for Kanpur City, India
Shubham Chandra and Rajiv Ganguly
Department of Civil Engineering, Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Index

Editor’s Biography

 

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