Sunscreens: Source, Formulations, Efficacy and Recommendations

Rajesh P Rastogi, Ph.D. (Editor)
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Research in Environment (RE) Division, Indira Paryavaran Bhavan, New Delhi, India

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: SCI007000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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During the past few decades, the increased incidence of solar UV radiations (280-400 nm) and its harmful impacts, particularly on human skin have fueled worldwide concern to search for an effective UV sunscreen compound with the ability to provide maximum photoprotection. Several synthetic suncare products available in the international market may cause negative side effects that can’t be overlooked. A number of biomolecules have been reported from different natural sources with great UV absorbing/screening functions. There is a need to explore the photoprotective role of these various natural UV sunscreening compounds so that they can find applications in UV-screening cosmetics for the benefit of human beings.

The present book Sunscreens: Source, Formulations, Efficacy and Recommendations provide an overview of the current knowledge of the various sunscreening compounds along with their sources, formulations, and efficacy as well as recommendations with regard to the photoprotective function in response to intense solar radiations. This book describes the recent progress and fundamental backgrounds of various UV absorbing or sunscreening compounds derived from different sources. An effort has been made to provide substantial information on various natural sunscreening molecules and their potentials as an arsenal of effective sunscreen ingredients meant for adequate protection from harmful UV radiations.

Different chapters of the book address various questions pertaining to the naturally sourced sunscreen from microorganisms to higher plants, ideal for the formulations of sun care and cosmeceutical products. Undoubtedly, the contents of the book would be highly useful for graduate/postgraduate students, teachers, biochemists, and researchers in the fields of cosmetic science, photobiology, medical microbiology, and metabolic engineers engaged in the formulations and development of broad spectrum natural sunscreens or anti-aging products.


Chapter 1. Cyanobacterial UV Sunscreen: Biosynthesis, Regulation, and Application (pp. 1-28)
Hakuto Kageyama and Rungaroon Waditee-Sirisattha

Chapter 2. Nutra-Cosmeceutical Potential of Pigments from Microalgae (pp. 29-52)
Khushbu Bhayani, Chetan Paliwal, Tonmoy Ghosh and Sandhya Mishra

Chapter 3. Eminence of Biological Enzymes in Cosmetic Formulations (pp. 53-78)
Gaurav Sanghvi, Mahendrapalsingh Rajput, Ujwalkumar Trivedi, Rushit Shukla, Tejas Oza and Raj Chapala

Chapter 4. The Phycobiliproteins: The Source, Biosynthesis, Spectral Properties and Possible Applications in Nutraceuticals and Cosmetic Industries (pp. 79-98)
Ravi R Sonani, Rajesh P. Rastogi and Datta Madamwar

Chapter 5. Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids from Red Algae to Develop Natural UV Sunscreens (pp. 99-130)
Nelso Navarro, Félix L. Figueroa, Nathalie Korbee, José Bonomi, Félix Álvarez Gómez and Francisca de la Coba

Chapter 6. A Taxonomical Study of Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids Producing Cyanobacteria (pp. 131-152)
Shikha Jain, Ganshyam Prajapat and Akhil Agrawal

Chapter 7. Artificial and Natural Photoprotective Compounds (pp. 153-200)
Garvita Singh and Jay Kumar

Chapter 8. Cyanobacterial Sunscreen: Past, Present and Future (pp. 201-222)
Shikha Jain, Ganshyam Prajapat, Lalita Ledwani and Akhil Agrawal

Chapter 9. A Prospectus of Microbial Metabolites as Ingredients in Commercial Sunscreens (pp. 223-244)
Rahul K. Suryawanshi, Sunil H. Koli, Vishal Marathe, Bhavana V. Mohite, Vikas Patil and Satish V. Patil

Chapter 10. Antioxidants with Sunscreening Properties (pp. 245-276)
Talal Aburjai, Reem Aljanabi and Muhammed Alzweiri

Chapter 11. Melanin as a Natural UV-Photoprotectant (pp. 277-296)
Shivani Amin, Rajesh P Rastogi and Datta Madamwar

Chapter 12. Cosmeceutical Uses of Herbs in Sunscreens (pp. 297-308)
Abhijeet Mishra and Rana P. Singh

About the Editor (pp. 309-310)

Index (pp. 311)

Keywords: Sunscreen, UV-Sunscreen, Photoprotection, Antioxidants, Anti-aging

Audience: Graduate/postgraduate students, teachers, biochemists, and researchers in the fields of cosmetic science, photobiology, medical microbiology and metabolic engineers engaged in the formulations and development of broad spectrum natural sunscreens or anti-aging products

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