Suicide attempt among school-based adolescents in Bolivia: Risk factors and gender differences

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Authors: Lyen Krenz Yap, Karl Peltzer, Zuchi Lkhamsuren, and Passakorn Suanrueang
Page Range: 189-195
Published in: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, Volume 22 Issue 2
ISSN: 2191-1231

Table of Contents

ABSTRACT

The study aims to investigate the risk factors and gender differences for suicide attempts among adolescents in Bolivia. This research involved a secondary analysis of the 2018 Bolivia cross-sectional Global School-Based Student Health Survey. The sample included 7,931 school adolescents (49.7% females and 50.3% males), and the mean age was 15.5 years (SD = 1.6) (age range = 11 years to = 18 years). In all, 21.4% of participants had attempted suicide in the last 12 months, 25.7% among females, and 17.5% among males. In adjusted logistic regression analysis, specifically among males, lifetime amphetamine use (AOR: 3.16, 95% CI: 1.28, 7.78), being physically attacked (AOR: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.84), bullied (AOR: 1.87, 95% CI: 1.51, 2.32), and experiencing psychological distress (AOR: 2.69, 95% CI: 2.04, 3.54) increased the odds of past 12-month suicide attempts. In adjusted logistic regression analysis, specifically among females, current alcohol use (AOR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.30, 2.42), current cannabis use (AOR: 1.98, 95% CI: 1.06, 3.67), being physically attacked (AOR: 2.04, 95% CI: 1.46, 2.85), being in a physical fight (AOR: 1.61, 95% CI: 1.24, 2.10), injury (AOR: 1.38, 95% CI: 1.10, 1.75), and experiencing psychological distress (AOR: 3.02, 95% CI: 2.44, 3.73) increased the odds of past 12-month suicide attempts. More than one in five students (one in four females) had attempted suicide in the last 12 months in Bolivia. Several general and gender-specific factors were identified to increase the odds of suicide attempts, which can assist in designing suicide prevention in this adolescent population.

Keywords: Suicide attempt, risk factors, gender differences, Bolivia

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