Student, Environment, Task, and Technology Tools for the 21st Century Learner


Sarah McPherson (Editor)
Instructional Technology and Leadership, New York Institute of Technology, NY, USA, and Hofstra University, NY, USA

Elfreda V. Blue (Editor)
Hofstra University, NY, USA

Series: Instructional Technology and Teacher Education
BISAC: EDU026000

For the past two decades, Joy Zabala’s SETT framework has served Assistive Technology (AT) professionals as an effective tool in the collaborative decision-making process toward identifying effective technology resources for students with special needs. Attention to the student, the environment, learning tasks, and technology (SETT) has made the difference for students with disabilities to be able to participate effectively in the inclusive general education classroom. Education policy has changed since then. Federal legislation (NCLB & IDEIA) enacted since 2000 drastically changed the way schools and practitioners address inclusive education, providing students with disabilities extensive access to their peers and the general education curriculum.

Students with disabilities are often required to receive general education instruction from general educators in math, science, social studies, and English language arts as indicated by their individual education plan (IEP). In many instances, special education students are placed in collaborative teaching settings in which a special education and general education partner teach all the students in the class. This gives students with disabilities access to their general education peers, curriculum and teachers. However, this inclusive instruction setting presents these students with learning challenges.

With such changes have come changes in instructional practice and decision-making. No longer can traditional approaches to classroom instruction continue to meet the needs of all children. This textbook is designed to outline the multiple factors to be considered in order to effectively make essential decisions relative to the student, the environment, the task, and the technology that is being used. The goal of this book is to guide classroom teachers to re-examine instructional practices which limit access to students with disabilities and also provides access to useful and appropriate instruction technology. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of


The SETT Framework: An Introduction
(Sarah McPherson, Elfreda Blue, New York Institute of Technology, and Hofstra University, NY, USA)

21st Century Learners: Standards Set the Stage
(S. McPherson, New York Institute of Technology, NY, USA)

Diversity in Schools
(Satasha L. Green, Kimberly M. Edwards, Deborah Lynch, Chicago State University, IL, USA)

Global Education in the Age of Malala
(Dedrick L. Blue, Harlem Education Guild, NY, USA)

Universal Design for Learning (UDL): Adjusting the Curriculum for Learner Variability
(Elizabeth M. Dalton, TechACCESS of Rhode Island, RI, USA)

The Culturally Responsive Classroom
(Darra Pace, Hofstra University, NY, USA)

Developing New Literacies in 21st Century English Language Arts Instruction
(Elfreda V. Blue, Hofstra University, NY, USA)

Using Universal Design for Learning in a Tier 1 RTI Mathematics Classroom
(Blidi S. Stemn, SUNY College at Old Westbury, NY, USA)

Tier II Response To Intervention: Alan’s Story
(Cindy L. Anderson, Kevin M. Anderson, Roosevelt University, IL, USA, and Elmwood Park District 401)

Assessment Approaches
(Stephen Hernandez, Hofstra University, NY, USA)

21st Century Classroom Resources
(Mary E. McDonald, Dana Battaglia, Hofstra University, Adelphi University, NY, USA)

Putting the SETT Framework into Action
(Sarah McPherson, Elfreda Blue, New York Institute of Technology and Hofstra University, NY, USA)



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