Strategies to promote the effectiveness of non-pharmacological cancer-related pain management: Integrative review

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Author: Jia Liu, Busaba Somjaivong, Wasana Ruaisungnoen, and Wangqiao Zhu
Page Range: 89-98
Published in: Journal of Pain Management, 16#2 (2023)
ISSN: 1939-5914

Table of Contents

ABSTRACT

Cancer-related pain is linked to physical, psychological and social responses with a substantial impact on quality of life. Non-pharmaceutical therapy is a non-pharmaceutical-based health intervention and is an adjunct method to treat pain. Non-pharmaceutical intervention can reduce pain levels, fear and anxiety to a certain extent and improve patient confidence in pain control. Purpose: This review identifies the strategies to promote the effectiveness of non-pharmacological cancer-related pain management. Methods: Google Scholar, Science Direct and PubMed were searched for articles published in English between 2012 and 2022, which yielded 529 studies, of which nine were chosen for this review. Results: Behavioral and cognitive interventions, physiological interventions and psychological interventions were three types of intervention to promote pain levels in cancer-related pain management. Out of a total of nine studies, four studies provided behavioral and cognitive interventions, three studies provided psychological interventions and two studies provided physiological interventions. The review shows that different sources of non-pharmacological were used to reduce pain levels in cancer patients. The studies also found strategies from the intervention can promote pain management in cancer patients. Conclusions: Behavioral and cognitive interventions, physiological interventions, and psychological interventions in cancer-related pain management have been shown to have positive impacts on pain control in cancer patients. However, implementing non-pharmacological requires an interdisciplinary team to offer optimal patient-centered pain management.

Keywords: Non-pharmacological, strategy, cancer, pain, Thailand

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