Strategies to improve assessment contributing to the vocational rehabilitation of persons with disabilities in Japan

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Authors: Kazuaki Maebara and Jun Yaeda
Page Range: 281-290
Published in: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, Volume 22 Issue 3
ISSN: 2191-1231

Table of Contents

Abstract

Supporting Japanese vocational rehabilitation prov-iders in conducting assessments is critical for impr-oving support for clients with disabilities. Objective: This study identified strategies to facilitate this assessment. Methods: A survey was conducted with employment support workers from the vocational rehabilitation service in Japan. The survey investigated the conduct of assessments of the Japanese version of the Intake assessment and outcome evaluation (IAOE) for persons with intellectual, developmental and psychiatric disabilities, along with the availability of workplace supervision. Results: A responsive two-factor analysis of variance was conducted to determine the impact of the IAOE’s eight subsystems and three disability types on assessment scores. Japanese vocational rehabilitation providers conducted more subsystem patient-related assessments for psychiatric and developmental disabilities and funding-related assessments for psychiatric disabilities and fewer subsystem health-related assessments. A t-test was conducted on IAOE scores between groups with and without workplace supervision for each disability type. The group with in-workplace supervision performed significantly better on the subsystem client, education, social, and funding assessments for intellectual disabilities and subsystem client in social for developmental disabilities and funding assessments for psychiatric disabilities. Conclusion: Assessment difficulty based on the disabilities’ characteristics is often reported by vocational rehabilitation providers. This study identified the content of assessments conducted in vocational rehabilitation and presented perspectives for improving their conduct. The pres-ented data can be used as a reference for those engaged in the clinical practice of vocational rehabilitation. Providers conducted assessments according to the characteristics of each disability, and this was improved by supervision.

Keywords: Education, vocational assessment, super-vision, intake assessment and outcome evaluation (IAOE), systems approach placement

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