Spectroscopic Techniques for Security, Forensic and Environmental Applications


Yashashchandra Dwivedi (Editor)
National Institute of Technology Kurukshetra Physics Department, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India

Shyam Bahadur Rai (Editor)
National Institute of Technology Kurukshetra Physics Department, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India

Jagdish Prasad Singh (Editor)
Institute for Clean Energy Technology, Mississippi State University, MS, USA

Series: Nanotechnology Science and Technology
BISAC: SCI078000

The objective of this book will be to explore the possible applications in the field of spectroscopy toward matters related to security, the environment and forensics, with in-depth analyses of relative difficulties and advantages of the various techniques. Spectroscopic techniques have been contributing significantly to diverse areas, such as material processing and characterization, communication, forensic science, and defense with an unequaled precision by using lasers. Raman and infrared spectroscopic techniques are regularly used in the studies on semiconductors, microelectronics, catalysis and nano-materials.

With the advent of nanotechnology, new materials are being reported with an improved sensitivity to various toxic gases, finger printing etc. Photo acoustic spectroscopy, with a quartz tuning fork sensor, makes it possible to detect trace amounts of explosive powders and residues on surfaces from a distance. Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy from the Curiosity rover, roaming the Mars surface, has been sending valuable spectral data that will be used to understand the existence of life. The present book encompasses a wide range of topics pertaining to the variety of spectroscopic techniques which would be of great importance in the detection of explosives, chemical and biological agents and in meeting any defense threats. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 – Spectroscopic Techniques for High Sensitivity Heavy Metal Detection in the Liquid Phase (pp. 1-24)
Robert Fedosejevs, Yogesh Godwal, Zhijiang Chen, Shyama Banerjee and Ying Tsui (Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada)
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Chapter 2 – Application of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) to Carbon Sequestration Research and Development (pp. 25-52)
Dustin L. McIntyre, Jinesh C. Jain, Christian L. Goueguel and Jagdish Prasad Singh (U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV, US and others)

Chapter 3 – Laser Spectroscopy for Nuclear Applications (pp. 53-82)
M. L. Shah, A. K. Pulhani, G. P. Gupta and B. M. Suri (Laser and Plasma Technology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India)

Chapter 4 – Photoacoustic and Photothermal Detection of Explosives and Harmful Chemicals (pp. 83-110)
Surya Narayan Thakur (Ex-Professor, Physics Department, Banaras Hindu University, India)

Chapter 5 – Monitoring of Energetic Materials Using LIBS (pp. 111-128)
Shikha Rai, A. K. Pathak, A. K. Rai, B. K. Ghosh and S. N. Thakur (Department of Physics, University of Allahabad, India and others)

Chapter 6 – Applied Microwave Rotational Spectroscopy (pp. 129-166)
K. P. Rajappan Nair and Jens-Uwe Grabow (Institut für Physikalische Chemie und Elektrochemie, Lehrgebiet A, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover, Germany)

Chapter 7 – Detection of Explosives and Hazardous Chemicals: Various Facets of Raman Spectroscopy (pp. 167-194)
Sanchita Sil and Siva Umapathy (Department of Inorganic & Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and others)

Chapter 8 – Vanadium Oxides for Energy and Security Applications (pp. 195-220)
Chiranjivi Lamsal and N. M. Ravindra (New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey, US)

Chapter 9 – Spectroscopic Techniques for Atmospheric Sensing (pp. 221-252)
Bomidi Lakshmi Madhavan and Yonghua Wu (Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS), Leipzig, Germany and others)

Chapter 10 – Rare Earth Spectroscopy for Clean Energy and Sensor Applications (pp. 253-278)
Yashashchandra Dwivedi, Sergio Carlos Zilio and Shyam Bahadur Rai (Instituto de Física de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil and others)

Chapter 11 – Rare Earth Doped Materials for Temperature Sensors (pp. 279-292)
Anurag Pandey and Vineet Kumar Rai (Laser and Spectroscopy Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India)

Chapter 12 – Advances in Infrared (IR) Sensors for Security, Forensics and the Environment (pp. 293-320)
R. N. Singh, R. K. Sharma and S. S. Negi (Ex-Associate Director, IRDE, Dehradun, India and others)

Chapter 13 – Dissociation of a CO Molecule Induced by 10 keV Electrons: Kinetic Energy Release Distributions (pp. 321-330)
Raj Singh, Pragya Bhatt, Namita Yadav and R. Shanker (Atomic Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India)

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