Spatial, Long-and Short-Term Memory: Functions, Differences and Effects of Injury


Edward A. Thayer (Editor)

Series: Neuroscience Research Progress
BISAC: MED057000

Memory is one of the earliest cognitive functions to show decline during aging and some neurodegenerative diseases and this decline has a social and economic impact on individuals, families, the health care system, and society as a whole. This book examines spatial, long-and short term memory loss. The aim of the first chapter is to discuss and detail several well-established spacial-memory behavioral tests, focusing specially on the MWM, describing the principal advantages or disadvantages of these memory tasks. Chapter two examines the importance of the AMPAr and its specific subunits in LTP processes as well as the formation and utilization of spatial memory representations. Chapter three studies grizzly bears and examines their spatial and visual memory.

Chapter four introduces a study to show that difficulty encoding relational information between spatial locations presented in random positions simultaneously is responsible for impaired visuospatial working memory. Chapter five describes short and long term memory functions in children with idiopathic epilepsy and assesses a novel cognitive behavioral group intervention aiming to improve memory deficits in this population whose deficits are specified and their background capacities are preserved. Chapter six studies the emergence of self-reference effect in episodic memory during early childhood. Chapter seven analyzes an optical memory model of the human brain. Chapter eight studies an fNIRS study on adaptive memory. The final chapter identifies the synaptic and structural mechanisms that drive plasticity, as well as describes the purported processes responsible for short- and long-term memory.
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)



Table of Contents

pp. vii-xi

Chapter 1
Spatial Memory Assessment: Experimental Behavioral Tasks in Rodents
(Maite Solas, Xabier Bengoetxea, Hilda Ferrero, Irene Muñoz-Cobo, Silvia Vela-Lumbreras, María J. Ramirez and Elena Puerta, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain, and others)
pp. 1-30

Chapter 2
AMPA Receptor Subunit Contribution to Hippocampal-Mediated Spatial Memory
(Niko Tzakis and Matthew R. Holahan, Department of Neuroscience, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada)
pp. 31-46

Chapter 3
Manipulating Spatial and Visual Cues in a Win-Stay Foraging Task in Captive Grizzly Bears (<i>Ursus Arctos Horribilus</i>)
(Jennifer Vonk, Stephanie Allard, Lauri Torgerson-White, Cynthia Bennett, Moriah Galvan, Molly McGuire, Jennifer Hamilton, Zoe-Johnson-Ulrich and Jennifer M. Lieb, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA, and others)
pp. 47-60

Chapter 4
Visuospatial Working Memory in Children with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: Impairment in Encoding Spatial Configuration
(Tadamasa Narimoto, Tokyo University of Social Welfare, Department of Psychology, Kita-ku, Tokyo, Japan)
pp. 61-74

Chapter 5
Short and Long Term Memory in Pediatric Idiopathic Epilepsy: Functions and Effect of Interventions
(Ronny Geva, Yael Schaffer, Head of Developmental Neuropsychology lab, Department of Psychology, The Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel)
pp. 75-92

Chapter 6
Emergence of the Self-reference Effect in Episodic Memory during Early Childhood
(Michele D. Dunbar, Glenda Andrews and Karen Murphy, Menzies Health Institute Queensland and School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia)
pp. 93-114

Chapter 7
Optical Memory Model of the Human Brain
(Tetsuya Hoshino, Toyohiko Yatagai and Masahide Itoh, Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan, and others)
pp. 115-132

Chapter 8
‘Spotlight on the Survival Processing Advantage’: An FNIRS Study on Adaptive Memory
(Patrick Bonin, Laura Ferreri, Margaux Gelin, Christophe Fitamen, Patrick Bard and Aurélia Bugaiska, Institut universitaire de France, Paris, France, and others)
pp. 133-144

Chapter 9
Methods for Improving Neuroplasticity and Memory Function in the Aging or Compromised Brain
(John A. Bellone, and Karen J. Miller, University of California, Los Angeles, Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior, Longevity Center, CA, USA, and others)
pp. 145-182

pp. 183-194

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