Separation of Powers in the Federal Government: Overview and Perspectives

Josephine Spencer (Editor)

Series: Congressional Policies, Practices and Procedures
BISAC: TEC020000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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Congress’s role and operation in national politics is fundamentally shaped by the design and structure of the governing institution in the Constitution. One of the key principles of the Constitution is separation of powers. The doctrine is rooted in a political philosophy that aims to keep power from consolidating in any single person or entity, and a key goal of the framers of the Constitution was to establish a governing system that diffused and divided power. These objectives were achieved institutionally through the design of the Constitution. The legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the government were assigned distinct and limited roles under the Constitution, and required to be comprised of different political actors. The constitutional structure does not, however, insulate the branches from each other. While the design of the Constitution aims, through separation, to prevent the centralization of power, it also seeks the same objective through diffusion. Thus, most powers granted under the Constitution are not unilateral for any one branch; instead they overlap. This book provides an overview of separation of powers. It reviews the philosophical and political origins of the doctrine; surveys the structure of separation of power in the Constitution; discusses the consequences of the system, for both the institutions and for individual political actors; and provides a discussion of separation of powers in the context of contemporary politics. (Imprint: Novinka)


Chapter 1. Separation of Powers: An Overview
Matthew E. Glassman

Chapter 2. Federalism, State Sovereignty, and the Constitution: Basis and Limits of Congressional Power
Kenneth R. Thomas

Chapter 3. Testimony of Matthew Spalding, Associate Vice President and Dean of Educational Programs, Hillsdale College. Hearing on ''The Original Understanding of the Role of Congress and How Far We’ve Drifted From It''

Chapter 4. Testimony of Stephen I. Vladeck, Professor of Law, American University, Washington College of Law. Hearing on ''The Original Understanding of the Role of Congress and How Far We’ve Drifted From It''


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