Sedentary Lifestyle: Predictive Factors, Health Risks and Physiological Implications

Ahmad Alkhatib (Editor)
Director of Sport Science Program, Associate Professor in Clinical Exercise Physiology, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar

Series: Physical Fitness, Diet and Exercise
BISAC: HEA007000

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The health risks associated with a sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity have become the main concern for health professionals, clinicians and scientists in the 21st century. This book presents readers with a comprehensive examination of the most recent scientific evidence explaining the deteriorating health consequences of sedentary behaviour and physical inactivity across the human lifespan. It also provides novel and effective intervention strategies, primarily those based on physical activity in order to reverse and reduce these health risks, particularly risks related to the metabolism and cardiovascular disease.

Empirical research findings and innovative scientific models for physical activity and exercise interventions are presented throughout the book based on well-designed research studies by leading authors and practitioners. Readers can also benefit from both scientific and practical recommendations for prescribing physical activity and exercise to address the health risks associated with: sedentary lifestyle and potential benefits for diabetes, epicardial adipose tissues, muscle and joint function mechanics, metabolic and cardiovascular risk prevention.

The book also highlights the latest age- and population-specific recommendations for screening and planning effective physical activity, as well as exercise interventions for children, adolescents, older adults and other sedentary individual groups such as sedentary workplace employees and individuals with diabetes. Health benefits are discussed at different complexities of the human body. Nine chapters within this book cover the health risks and adaptive responses to physical activity and exercise at the molecular, cellular, muscular, adipose tissue, metabolic, cardiovascular, and multi-compartment levels of the human body. The book offers excellent scientific insight and practical recommendations for readers across the globe. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Sedentarism and the Endo-Metabolic System
Gladys Onambele-Pearson, Emma Bostock, Christopher Morse, Keith Winwood, Islay McEwan, Claire Stewart (Health Exercise and Active Living Research Centre, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Crewe Green Road, Crewe, Cheshire, UK, and others)

Chapter 2. Workplace Sedentary Health Risks and Exercise Interventions
Ahmad Alkhatib (Division of Sport and Exercise Science, School of Social and Health Sciences, Abertay University, Dundee, UK)

Chapter 3. Sedentariness and Physical Inactivity in Diabetes: A Case for Home-Based Exercise Prescription
Andrea Cameron & Ahmad Alkhatib (School of Social and Health Sciences, Abertay University, Dundee, UK)

Chapter 4. Epicardial Adipose Tissue Thickness as a Predictor for Plaque Vulnerability and Coronary Artery Disease
Anna Giulia Falchi (Department of Emergency Medicine, IRCCS San Matteo Foundation, Pavia, Italy)

Chapter 5. The Effects of Ageing & Exercise on Skeletal Muscle Structure & Function
John K. Malone (Division of Sport and Exercise Science, School of Social and Health Sciences, Abertay University, Dundee, UK)

Chapter 6. The Effect of Physical Activity on the Biomechanics of Functional Mobility in Older People
Siobhan Strike, Jin Luo & Ceri Diss (Department of Life Sciences, University of Roehampton, London, UK)

Chapter 7. Charactertistics of Preferred Gait Patterns: Considerations for Exercise Prescription
Lina Majed, Clint Hansen & Ahmad Alkhatib (Sport Science Program, College of Arts and Science, Qatar University, Al-Dafna, Doha, Qatar, and others)

Chapter 8. Physical Activity and Health in Adolescents
Marie Alricsson, Yvonne Kahlin (Swedish Winter Sport Research Centre, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden, and others)

Chapter 9. Integrated Curriculum, Pedometer Interventions to Increase Physical Activity and Improve Health in Children: A Brief Review
Michael J. Duncan, Samantha L. Birch and Emma L. J. Eyre (Centre for Applied Biological and Exercise Science, Coventry University, Priory Street, Coventry, UK)

About the Editor

Index

“An excellent scientific analysis of sedentary lifestyle health risks from molecular to whole body levels, combined with mastery evidence-based exercise prescription for prevention and treatment across the lifespan.” - Professor Chia-Hua Kuo, Fellow of American College of Sports Medicine, Dean for Research and Development, University of Taipei, Taiwan

“This textbook is a great resource regarding the health implications of sedentary lifestyle.” - Professor Theodore Angelopoulos, Director of Research, School of Health Sciences, University of Central Florida

“A valuable textbook for health and fitness professionals working in health promotion providing simple but effective evidence-based physical activity intervention strategies to reverse and/or reduce metabolic and cardiovascular health risks.” - Dr. Anna Campbell, Reader in Clinical Exercise Science, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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