Scientific Research and Manufacturing: Potential India Growth Story

B.M. Suri
Scientist, Ex – Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Series: India: Economic, Political and Social Issues
BISAC: TEC020000




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The inability of developing countries to charter a course for technology development and deployment, independent of developed countries, leads to a continued monopoly of developed countries in the high technology sector. This reality has pushed developing countries up a ladder of technology growth, and this book discusses how India should address these challenges.

It will be interesting to witness how the narrative evolves in the context of the development of several potentially disruptive technologies, and the onset of the so-called industrial revolution 4.0. This challenge may manifest itself differentially for developing and developed countries, in regards to their contrasting levels of technology development, employment scenarios, and populations, but in this text, the unique challenges of India are analyzed.

The challenge of disruptive technologies is daunting for a country like India, with a large, unskilled population.

India symbolizes the types of problems which many developing countries face, but also provides hope and could act as a bridge between different levels of technology development. On one hand, the county’s workforce is known to be major provider of IT solutions to the developed world, and on other hand, it produces and exports cheap generic medicines to the world’s poorest countries. However, the challenge of disruptive new technologies is quite significant, and may necessitate a bold and imaginative response from its scientific establishments, STEM Higher Education system, industries, and policy makers.

Policy makers may have to shed off some of their legacies and cultural mindsets to genuinely encourage innovation and attract as well as retain talent, even in the face of competition from developed countries. This book suggests that several developing countries facing similar technology or development challenges should join hands. Many of these closely interlinked issues are discussed, and the book aims to stimulate discussion between the diverse players such as those in the sciences, technology, STEM HE, Government policy making, entrepreneurship as well as and business.
(Imprint: Nova)




Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Scientific Research and Manufacturing: Global Context

Chapter 3. Science, Technology, Innovation and Manufacturing: Indian Landscape

Chapter 4. Indian Research and Development Labs: Evolution and Impact

Chapter 5. R&D and Indian Industry: Building Bridges

Chapter 6. Scientific Research and Manufacturing: Policies and Actions

Chapter 7. Innovation, Science and Technology: India Culture Impact

Chapter 8. Innovation Friendly Management

Chapter 9. Conclusion: Joining Hands



“This book by Professor B. M. Suri attempts to discuss what may be involved in developing countries encountering the above challenges emanating from several interlinked issues involving science, technology, engineering and mathematics higher education, R&D culture, manufacturing practices, intellectual property rights framework etc. The focus of discussion revolves around Indian ecosystem. The book aims to stimulate discussion between large number of quite diverse players in science, technology, industry, STEM education, policy making, entrepreneurs, and business schools in and outside India. The author provides an insight into the existing practices in these systems and their associated deficiencies. He also makes some pertinent suggestions to the concerned entities. The strength of this book lies in a comprehensive presentation of various interlinked issues in a simple way that can be understood by diverse players from different fields. India has also made concerted efforts all along to gain more and more technological strength, but it has a huge potential to achieve much more. It is hoped that this book would stimulate discussions to refine the ideas, generate new thoughts, and perhaps evolve novel solutions. This can be helpful in shaping up a roadmap which could lead the country to self-reliance in the international technology arena in the years to come.” - Prasad A. Naik, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore, India

“I am glad that these issues have been discussed comprehensively in the book “Scientific Research and Manufacturing: Potential India Growth Story”. The book provides for a primer on the issues which are of great relevance to India and many other developing countries. The author with his deep understanding of scientific research and development and wide exposure over 30 years, has presented all relevant issues with a way forward, in a clear, simple and effective manner. The book will be useful to the policy makers in the country, researchers in the government sector, academics and all those professionals otherwise interested in understanding the sphere of scientific, research and manufacturing activities in the country.” - Dr. Gulshan Rai, National Cyber Security Co-ordinator, Government of IndiaSansad Marg, New Delhi

“In this book, the author attempts to discuss what may be involved in developing countries who are encountering these challenges. Rather than treating the subject in a general way, the author has chosen to focus the discussion primarily around the Indian ecosystem as a typical test case. He has tried to describe and analyze in great detail the anatomy of scientific research, STEM higher education, Government policy structure, cultural issues, technology development and manufacturing eco-system in India. He has also described how to bring all of them to a common harness and how missing out on even one could derail the overall process of high technology-based manufacturing. This book should be of great interest to academicians, R&D fraternity and policy makers in India and the developing world, since most of the issues discussed here in the context of India have commonalities with many developing countries.” - Dr.Amitava Sen Gupta, The North Cap University, Gurgaon

“The book by Professor Brijmohan Suri brings out the requirement of an interesting paradigm shift in research and development in view of the onset of Industry Revolution 4.0, particularly in the face of disruptive technologies. Although, Professor Suri has the developing Countries in focus, (more specifically, India), many of his ideas in the book will find relevance even in developed Countries. The book has high quality inputs for research managers, scientific policy makers and education planners.” - Professor K.K. Aggarwal, Former Founder Vice Chancellor, I P University, Delhi, India; Former President, Computer Society of India; Former President, South East Asia Regional Computer Confederation

Keywords: Scientific Research, Manufacturing, Foreign Direct Investment, Developing Countries, Technology Development, High Technologies, Disruptive Technologies, STEM Higher education, Human Resources

This is aimed at scientific researchers, technology developers, managers of scientific research, policy makers at various levels, industrial researchers. Those in STEM Higher education, development economists, Entrepreneurs and business managers

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