Saponins: Types, Sources and Research

Candice Greene (Editor)

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: SCI007000

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Saponins are surfactive compounds that are widely distributed in nature, occurring primarily in the plant kingdom. Plants that produce saponins generally accumulate these metabolites as part of their development, which can be influenced by several environmental factors, such as nutrient and water availability, light irradiation and/or a combination of these factors. In this book, Chapter One discusses the occurrence in nature and biological activities of saponins. Chapter Two provides a review of ginsenoside Rg3 modulating lipid metabolism. Chapter Three demonstrates research on saponin application in remediation of metal-contaminated soils, and methods of saponins recovery after soil washing and attempts of their reuse. Chapter Four evaluates the feasibility of using saponin from soapnuts (Sapindus mukorrossi) for the removal of oil from a large area of oil contaminated soil in Kuwait, due to the destruction of oil wells during the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. Chapter Five focuses on the structural types and biological studies of saponins of I. asprella, and briefly discusses the characteristics of these chemical structures. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Saponins: Occurrence in Nature and Biological Activities
Andresa Heemann Betti, Juliane Deise Fleck and Simone Gasparin Verza (Institute of Health Sciences, Feevale University, Novo Hamburgo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil)

Chapter 2. Mini-Review: Ginsenoside Rg3 Modulating Lipid Metabolism
Yong-Seob Jeong and Jisun Oh (Department of Food Science and Technology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Republic of Korea, and others)

Chapter 3. Application of Saponins in Remediation of Metal-Contaminated Soils
Zygmunt Mariusz Gusiatin (Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland)

Chapter 4. Application of Saponin from Soapnuts for Remediation of Oil Contaminated Sand
Meshari S. Almutairi (School of Civil Engineering and Surveying, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK)

Chapter 5. Triterpenoids and their Saponins from Ilex asprella: Types and Biological Studies
Hui Liu, Fan-Cheng Meng, Ying Wang, Ruibing Wang, Wen-Cai Ye, and Qing-Wen Zhang (State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macao, China, and others)

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