Salt Stress Responses in Plants: Perception, Signaling, Omics and Tolerance Mechanisms


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Series: Plant Science Research and Practices
BISAC: SCI011000

Intense farming and irrigation practices are the important causes of salinity which limit plant growth and productivity. Salinity has now impacted 6 % of the total and 33 % of the irrigated land. The severest salinity problem has arisen in semiarid or arid lands when they were subjected to excessive irrigation which turned hundreds of hectares of cultivated fertile lands into saline lands. When a change in salinity around the environment of a plant exceeds to a certain threshold level, the morphology and physiology of the plants are affected. This book emphasizes the menace of salinity in agriculture and crop production. It encompasses various studies on plants sensitive to salt (glycophytes) and tolerant to salt (halophytes). This book includes diversity of glycophytes and halophytes, effects of salinity on different stages of growth and development, ion homeostasis and cellular ion transport, their photosynthetic responses, effects on biological nitrogen fixation, redox regulation and phytohormonal adjustment, significance of mineral nutrients in combating salinity in food crops. The most significant feature of the present book is its extensive coverage of genomics, metabolomics, ionomics, proteomics and transcriptomics approach which provide a better understanding towards salt and its interaction with plants. This book is beneficial for the students of stress physiology, environmental sciences, agronomy, life sciences and crop sciences at university level.


Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Halophytes: Definition and Classification
(Richa Upadhyay – Department of Botany, Mihir Bhoj Postgraduate College, Dadri, G.B. Nagar, U.P., India)

Chapter 2. Plant Response to Salt Stress: Effect on Growth and Tolerance Mechanisms
(Mona H. Soliman, Basmah M. Alharbi, Haifa Abdulaziz S. Alhaithloul, Suliman Mohammed Alghanem – Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt, et al.)

Chapter 3. Photosynthetic Responses of Plants against Salt Stress
(Khantika Patel, Shubhra Gupta, Kapil Gupta – Plant Omics Division, CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Gijubhai Badheka Marg, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, et al.)

Chapter 4. Salt Stress Tolerance Mechanism in Crop Plants vis-à-vis Photosynthesis
(Nivedita Chaudhary and Krishna Kumar Choudhary – Department of Environmental Science, School of Earth Sciences, Central University of Rajasthan, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, et al.)

Chapter 5. ROS and RNS as Key Players of Salt Stress Response in Plants
(Dwaipayan Sinha and Arun Kumar Maurya – Department of Botany, Government General Degree College, Mohanpur, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India, et al.)

Chapter 6. Impact of Salinity Stress on Biological Nitrogen Fixation of Terrestrial Plants
(Gyan Prakash Gupta and Vinod Kumar Dubey – Department of Botany, D. A-V (PG) College, CSJM University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India)

Chapter 7. Salt Stress in Plants: From Gene to Biotechnology
(Sujata Rathi and Deepak Kumar – Department of Botany, Multanimal Modi College, Modinagar, India, et al.)

Chapter 8. Genomics, Physiology and Molecular Breeding Approaches for Improving Crop Productivity under Salt Stress: Progress and Prospects
(Garima Malik, Reema Mishra, Geeta Prakash, Preeti Agarwal – Department of Botany, R.G. (P.G.) College, C.C.S. University, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India, et al.)

Chapter 9. Genomic and Molecular Aspects of Salt Tolerance and Accumulation
(Marya Khan, Ummey Aymen, Aman Deep Raju, Jitendra Kumar, Rachana Singh, Parul Parihar, Prabhat Kumar Srivastava, Sheo Mohan Prasad – School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar-Delhi G.T. Road, Phagwara, Punjab, India, et al.)

Chapter 10. Metabolite Approaches in Understanding Salt Stress in Plants
(Rachana Singh, Parul Parihar, M.P. Vir Vikram B. Singh and Sheo Mohan Prasad – Ranjan Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Allahabad, Prayagraj, U.P., India, et al.)

Chapter 11. Transcriptomic Studies and Characterization of Transcription Factors During Salt Stress
(Kapil Gupta, Shubhra Gupta, Neeraj Kumar Dubey, Jogeswar Panigrahi – Department of Biotechnology, Central University of Rajasthan, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, et al.)

Chapter 12. Significance of Mineral Nutrients in Combating Salinity in Food Crops
(Sadaf Jan, Rattandeep Singh, Renu Bhardwaj, Parvaiz Ahmad and Dhriti Kapoor – School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India, et al.)

Chapter 13. The Use of Plants and Associated Microorganisms in The Phytoremediation of Salt-Affected Soils
(H. Moreira, M. H. Izagirre, P. M. L. Castro and S. I. A. Pereira – Universidade Católica Portuguesa, CBQF – Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina – Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Porto, Portugal)

Chapter 14. Microbial Solutions to Mitigate Salt Stress in Food Crops
(S. I. A Pereira, P.M.L. Castro, H. Moreira – Universidade Católica Portuguesa, CBQF – Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina – Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Porto, Portugal)

Chapter 15. Effect of Different Seed-Priming Methods on the Subsequent Salt Stress Response of Cauliflower Seedlings: A Case Study
(Hasna Ellouzi, Walid Zorrig, Chedly Abdelly – Laboratoire des Plantes Extrêmophiles, Centre de Biotechnologie de Borj-Cédria, BP, Hammam-Lif, Tunisie)


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