Rutherford B. Hayes: A Life of Service

Thomas Culbertson
Director Emeritus, Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library and Museums, Fremont, Ohio, USA

Series: First Men, America’s Presidents
BISAC: BIO011000

Clear

Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

eBook

Digitally watermarked, DRM-free.
Immediate eBook download after purchase.

Product price
Additional options total:
Order total:

Quantity:

Details

It had never occurred to Rutherford B. Hayes that he could be a presidential contender until he won an unprecedented third term as Ohio’s governor in 1875. Up to that point, he had been content with his life, but once he got the presidential bug it could not be shaken. At the 1876 Republican National convention, Maine’s Senator James G. Blaine appeared to have the presidential nomination within his grasp until there was a stampede for Hayes on the seventh ballot. As a Civil War hero, congressman, governor, and solid family man, Hayes was an attractive candidate. As a reformer, he had no ties to the scandals that had marred the Johnson and Grant Administrations. After a hotly contested campaign, Hayes lost the popular vote to New York Governor Samuel Tilden by a quarter million votes.

The electoral count was unclear as both parties claimed to have won three Southern states. It took three months and the creation of an Electoral Commission to declare Hayes the presidential winner, just two days before his inauguration. For four years, President Hayes battled a hostile Congress controlled by Democrats as he attempted to reform the civil service, defending the independence of the presidency in an attempt to end sectionalism. His most controversial decision was to try a course of conciliation toward the South in an attempt to heal the rift from the Civil War. Many historians have said that Hayes ended Reconstruction, but in reality it was over before Hayes took office. When he was nominated to run for President, Hayes promised to serve only one term and did not renege on that promise. He returned to Ohio to live out his life with his family and to work for his community, veterans, education, prison reform, and equal rights.

Preface

Foreword

Chapter 1. A Buckeye Childhood

Chapter 2. A Gentleman’s Education

Chapter 3. The Fledgling Lawyer

Chapter 4. Big City Lawyer

Chapter 5. The Lawyer Becomes A Soldier

Chapter 6. The Good Colonel

Chapter 7. The Reluctant Congressman

Chapter 8. Return to Ohio

Chapter 9. Rise to Prominence

Chapter 10. The Disputed Election

Chapter 11. Two Years of Frustration

Chapter 12. The Resurgent President

Chapter 13. A Citizen Again

Chapter 14. To the End

Bibliography

Acknowledgements

Index

Books

Barnard, Harry. Rutherford B. Hayes and His America. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1954.
Bellesiles, Michael A. 1877: America’s Year of Living Violently. New York: The New Press, 2010.
Blight, David W. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.
Bruce, Robert Vance. 1877: Year of Violence: Bobbs-Merrill, 1959.
Conwell, Russell Herman. Life and Public Services of Governor Rutherford B. Hayes. Boston: B.B. Russell, 1876.
Current, Richard Nelson. Those Terrible Carpetbaggers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Davison, Kenneth E. The Presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1972.
Democratic National Committee (U.S.), 1880-1884. The Campaign Text Book: Why the People Want a Change. The Republican Party Reviewed: Its Sins of Commission and Omission. New York: National Democratic Committee, 1876.
Eckenrode, H.J. Rutherford B. Hayes, Statesman of Reunion. New York: Dodd Mead, 1939.
Edison, Thomas A. The Papers of Thomas A. Edison. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
Edwards, Rebecca. New Spirits: Americans in the Gilded Age, 1865-1905. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Foner, Eric. Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction. New York: Knopf, 2005.
———Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution: 183-1877. New York: Harper & Row, 1988.
Garraty, John A. The New Commonwealth: 1877-1890. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.
Geer, Emily Apt. First Lady: The Life of Lucy Webb Hayes. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1984.
Gillette, William. Retreat from Reconstruction, 1869-1879. Baton Rouge; Louisiana State University Press, 1979.Historical Statistics of the United States, 1789-1945 prepared by the Bureau of the Census with the cooperation of the Social Science Research Council. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1949.
Ari Hoogenboom. Rutherford B. Hayes: “One of the Good Colonels.” Abilene: McWhiney Foundation Press, 1999.
———Rutherford B. Hayes: Warrior and President. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995.
———The Presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1988.
Howard, J.Q. The Life, Public Services and Select Speeches of Rutherford B. Hayes. Cincinnati: R. Clarke & Co., 1876.
Howells, William Dean. Sketch of the Life and Character of Rutherford B. Hayes. New York: Hurd & Houghton, 1876.
Jordan, David M. Roscoe Conkling of New York: Voice in the Senate. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1971.
Meek, ed. and comp., Basil. Twentieth century history of Sandusky Count, Ohio and Representative Citizens. Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Pub. Co., 1909.
Mohonk Conference on the Negro Question (1st: 1890). First Mohonk Conference on the Negro Question, Held at Lake Mohonk. Ulster County, New York, June 4, 5, 1890. Reported and edited by Isabel C. Barrows. Boston G.H. Ellis printer, 1890.
Monkman, Betty C. The White House: its historic furnishings & first families. New York, Abbeville Press and Washington, D.C., Whitehouse Historical Association, 2000.
Moore, Anne Chieko. Benjamin Harrison: Centennial President. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009.
Morris, Jr., Roy. Fraud of the Century: Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel Tilden, and the Stolen Election of 1876. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003.
Myers, Elisabeth P. Rutherford B. Hayes. Chicago: Reilly & Lee, 1969.
Nevins, Allan. Abram S. Hewitt. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1935.
Polakoff, Ian. The Politics of Inertia: The Election of 1876 and the End of Reconstruction. Baton Rouge, Louisiana University Press, 1973.
Porter, Kirk H., and Donald Bruce Johnson, eds. National Party Platforms, 1840-1960. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1973.
Richardson, ed., James D. A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents. 9 Vols. New York: Bureau of National Literature, Inc., 1897, VI.
Robinson, Lloyd. The Stolen Election: Hayes versus Tilden---1876. New York: Doubleday, 1968.
Schlereth, Thomas J. Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 1876-1915. New York: HarperCollins, 1991.
Seale, William. The President’s House: A History, 2 Vols.; Washington D.C.: White House Historical Association, 2008.
Sefton, James E. The United States Army and Reconstruction, 1865-1877. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1967.
Simpson, Brooks D. The Reconstruction Presidents. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998.
Smythe, George Franklin. Kenyon College: Its First Century. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1964.
Stampp, Kenneth M., and Leon F. Litwack, eds. Reconstruction: An Anthology of Revisionist Writings. Baton Rouge Louisiana State University Press, 1969.
Summers, Mark Wahlgren. The Press Gang: 1865-1878. Chapel Hill & London: The University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
Trefousse, Hans L. Rutherford B. Hayes. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2002.
Unger, Irwin. The Greenback Era: a Social and Political History of American Finance, 1865-1879. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.
Weinstein, Allen. Prelude to Populism: Origins of the Silver Issue, 1867-1878. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970.
Williams, Charles Richard. The Diary and Letters of Rutherford B. Hayes; Nineteenth President of the United States. 5 Vols. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1922-1926.
———Life of Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1914.
Williams, T. Harry. Hayes of the Twenty-third: The Civil War Volunteer Officer. New York: Knopf, 1965.
———, ed. Hayes: The Diary of a President. New York: David McKay, 1964.
Woodward, C. Vann. Reunion and Reconstruction: The Compromise of 1877 and the End of Reconstruction. Garden City: Doubleday, 1956.

Articles

Bartha, William. “The Early Political Career of Rutherford B. Hayes with Especial Reference to His Congressional Years,” (Master’s thesis, Ohio State University, 1963).
Benedict, Michael Les. “Southern Democrats in the Crisis of 1876-1877: A Reconsideration of Reunion and Reaction.” Journal of Southern History 42 (November 1980): 489-521.
Clendenen, Clarence C. “President Hayes’s ‘Withdrawal’ of the Troops–An Enduring Myth.” South Carolina Historical Magazine 70 (October 1969): 240-250.
Edmunds, George E. “Another View of ‘The Hayes-Tilden Contest’.” Century Magazine 86 (June 1913): 192-201.
Guenther, Karen. “Potter Committee Investigation of the Disputed Election of 1876.” Florida Historical Quarterly, 61 (January 1983): 281-295.
Marchman, Watt P. “Rutherford B. Hayes, Attorney at Law.” Ohio History 77 (1968): 6-32.
Palmer, Upton S. “An Historical and Critical Study of the Speeches of Rutherford B. Hayes with an Appended Edition of his Addresses.” (PhD, dissertation, University of Michigan, 1950), pp. 315-703.
Peskin, Allan. “Was There a Compromise of 1877?” Journal of American History 60 (1973): 63-77.
Porter, Daniel. “Governor Rutherford B. Hayes.” Ohio History 77 (1968): 58-75.
Ranson, Frederick Duane. “The Great Unknown: Governor Rutherford B. Hayes of Ohio,” (Master’s Thesis, West Virginia University, 1978).
Vazzano, Frank P, “President Hayes, Congress and the Appropriations Riders Vetoes.” Congress & The Presidency, 20 (Spring 1993).
Watterson, Henry, “The Hayes-Tilden Contest for the Presidency.” Century Magazine 86 (May 1913): 10-20.
Woodward, C. Vann. “Yes, there was a Compromise of 1877.” Journal of American History 60 (June 1973): 215-223.

The book was written for students of the American presidency, the Gilded Age, Reconstruction, and the Civil War.

You have not viewed any product yet.