Road Traffic and Safety


Amit Agrawal and Geetha R. Menon (Editors)
Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical Hospital and College, Pradesh, India

Series: Transportation Issues, Policies and R&D, Safety and Risk in Society
BISAC: TEC009140

Road space is shared by multiple vehicles (i.e. cars, taxis, buses, trucks, motorcycles, and mopeds), pedestrians, animals and many other categories of travelers. Easy availability of motor vehicles and advancements in their technology has made road travel easy; on the other hand, this has also resulted in a significant increase in the number of motor vehicle related injuries. Road traffic related injuries remain an important public health problem globally. It has been estimated that approximately 1.25 million people succumb to road traffic injuries annually worldwide, and between 20 and 50 million people sustain non-fatal injuries. It is a cause of great concern that 59% of the severely injured population is young adults aged between the age of 15 and 44 years. At present, globally road traffic injuries are ranked as the eighth leading cause of mortality, and if the current trends continues, it is expected to be the seventh leading cause of mortality at the global level by 2030.

Road traffic safety is one of the most significant concerns of the United Nations and a 5-tiered approach has been proposed to combat traffic accidents and fatalities. This includes improvements in health care services focusing on injury care, road safety management, road network safety, vehicular safety, and implementation of road safety legislation. Changes in practices like speed control, use of seatbelts and helmets, respecting traffic signals and signs, avoiding drunken driving (or use of drugs), following traffic rules (lane driving) and avoiding mobile phones while driving are some of the behavioral changes that can bring about a significant reduction in the number of road traffic related injuries.

The present book consists of fifteen chapters related to various aspects concerning road traffic and safety, including epidemiology of road traffic injuries, occupant protection and safety devices, risk factors, a manual of safety measures, road safety in hilly terrain and conflict zones, prevention of head injuries, the role of alcohol and bicycle related injuries. The authors hope that the book shall help the readers to get an overview of various aspects related to global road traffic and safety. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. The Role of Occupant Protection Safety Restraints in the Prevention of Neurotrauma
Manjul Tripathi and Soumyata Tripathi (Department of Neurosurgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India, and others)

Chapter 2. Examining the Perceptual Consequences of Traffic Complexity for Vulnerable Road Users
Thomas Sanocki and Cassandra Cosgrove (Department of Psychology,University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, US)

Chapter 3. The Use of Seat Belts for Reducing the Number of Road Traffic Deaths
Grace O. Korter, PhD (Department of Mathematics/Statistics, Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria)

Chapter 4. Road Traffic Safety: A Manual of Safety Measures
Raj Kumar, Jayesh Sardhara, and Amit Kumar Singh (Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute Of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India)

Chapter 5. Road Traffic and Safety: Risk Factors and Recommendations
Professor S. A. Tabish (Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar)

Chapter 6. An Overview of Determinants of Road Traffic Accidents
Prof. Dr. Shankar Acharya, Dr. Nitin Adsul, Dr. Anita S Acharya (Consultant Orthopaedic& Spine Surgeon, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi, and others)

Chapter 7. Road Safety in Hilly Terrain
Shashivadhanan Sundaravadhanan, Madakasira Sitaram Sridhar Shastry, Saurabh Kumar Vermay, and Chinmay Srivastav (Department of Neurosurgery, Army Hospital Research & Referral, Delhi, India)

Chapter 8. Road Safety in Conflict Zones
Air Cmde M. S. Sridhar, Col S. K. Verma, Col Shashivadanan, Lt Col Chinmaya Srivastava (Department of Neurosurgery, Army Hospital R&R, New Delhi)

Chapter 9. Head Injury: Prevention and Management
Sarvpreet Singh Grewal and Shivender Sobti (Department of Neurosurgery, Christian Medical College & Hospital, Brown Road, Ludhiana, Punjab, India)

Chapter 10. Physicians’ Perspectives on Road Traffic Safety
Udit R. Narang, MD and Bimal K. Agrawal, MD (Department of Medicine, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Amblala, India)

Chapter 11. Bicycle-Related Injuries: Prevention and Challenges in Latin America
Joulen Mo-Carrascal MD, Johana Maraby, MD, and Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar, MD (Physician, Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, and others)

Chapter 12. Pre-Hospital Care in Traumatic Brain Injury
Dr V. D. Sinha and Dr Ugan Singh (Dept of Neurosurgery, S M S Medical College, Jaipur-Rajasthan, India)

Chapter 13. Road Traffic and Safety: A Qualitative Study on Experiences and Expectations of Persons with Paraplegia in India
Nalina Gupta and Kavitha Raja, PhD (Scholar, School of Physiotherapy, R K University, Rajkot, Gujarat, and others)

Chapter 14. Quantifying the Burden of Road Traffic Accidents
Dr. Raghavendra, Dr. Sudhindra Vooturi, and Dr. Manas Panigrahi (Department of Neurosurgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, and others)

Chapter 15. Road Traffic Injuries in India: A Systematic Review of the Current Research Scenario
Ravi Dadlani, DNB (Neurosurgery), Master of Advanced Surgery (Neurosurgery),Department of Neurosurgery, Apollo Specialty Hospitals, Nellore, India)


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