Riparian Zones: Characteristics, Management Practices and Ecological Impacts

Oleg S. Pokrovsky, PhD
Geoscience and Environment Toulouse, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France, CNRS, France Tomsk State University, Russia N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research, Arkhangelsk, Russia

Series: Environmental Research Advances
BISAC: SCI026000

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Riparian ecosystems occur in semi-terrestrial areas adjacent to water bodies and are influenced by freshwater. Riparian wetlands are defined as land areas adjacent to perennial, intermittent, and ephemeral streams, lakes or rivers. As a result, these areas have high water tables and periodic flooding. They support a wide range of wetland vegetation including emergent macrophytes, grasses and trees. Riparian zones and wetlands are among the most vulnerable natural ecosystems to both climate change and human impact, and they are likely to represent important hot spots for climate change adaptation. The riparian ecosystems, located at the interface between water and land, are extremely dynamic environments in terms of structure, function, diversity and strength of abiotic-biotic feedbacks.

Nowadays, the riparian wetlands are strongly affected by both global climate change and human activity. For these reasons, there is a steady and even abrupt increase of scientific publications linked to riparian problems. A web search of “riparian” as a topic yielded more than 16,000 papers published between 1950 and 2015, with 7,000 of them have been published over the past five years and 10,500 produced over the preceding sixty years. This rise of scientific interest is, however, strongly biased geographically. A search of “riparian” in the titles of 4,773 scientific publications (1950-2015) yields high geographical bias with papers studying all aspects of riparian zones in the United States, Brazil, China, Canada, Africa and Europe, respectively, and only one in Russia. This book is intended to partially fill this gap by presenting nine chapters describing the studies of riparian and flood plain zones of Russia.

The fourteen chapters of the book, written by the experts in the field of landscape geography, biogeochemistry, GIS techniques and biology cover two of the most important riparian zones of the world: the Amazon varzea and the Ob/Irtysh floodplains. A multidisciplinary approach across wide geographical scales and various techniques presented in this book will be interesting for a large community of scholars, students, and researchers from academic and private organizations.(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1
Biological Diversity and Current Threats of Lotic Ecosystems
(Roberto Cazzolla Gatti, Biological Institute and BIO-GEO-CLIM Centre of Excellence, Tomsk State University, Russia)

Chapter 2
The Science of Mapping Riparian Areas Utilizing GIS and Open Source Geospatial Data
(S. A. Abood, USDA Forest Service-Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air & Rare Plants (WFWARP) program; Washington D.C., United States of America)

Chapter 3
The New Brazilian Forest Law and its Ecological Impact on Riparian Forests: An Example Not to be Followed
(Vin¨ªcius Londe, Biologist, MSc in Ecology, PhD student in Ecology, State University of Campinas, Brazil)

Chapter 4
Biogeochemical Functioning of Amazonian Floodplains: The Case of Lago Grande de Curuai
(M-P. Bonnet, J. Garnier, G. Barroux, G. R. Boaventura and P. Seyler, IRD, Toulouse, France, and others)

Chapter 5
An Approach to the Integrated Management of Exotic Invasive Weeds in Riparian Zones
(J. Jim¨¦nez-Ruiz and M. I. Sant¨ªn-Montany¨¢, Technical Directorate for Evaluation of Plant Varieties and Plant Protection Products, Spain, and others)

Chapter 6
Landscape Dynamics and Lakes Hydrology of Kerzhenets River Floodplain
(L. E. Efimova, O. V. Korabliova and D. V. Lomova, Department of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, and others)

Chapter 7
Colloidal Speciation and Size Fractionation of Dissolved Organic Matter and Trace Elements in Small Subarctic Watershed and its Riparian Zone
(S. M. Ilina, S. A. Lapitskiy, Yu. V. Alekhin, O.Yu. Drozdova, J. Viers and O. S. Pokrovsky, University of Toulouse, France, and others)

Chapter 8
Barrier Function of Floodplain and Riparian Landscapes in River Runoff Formation
(I. A. Avessalomova, A. V. Khoroshev and A. V. Savenko, Moscow M. V. Lomonosov State University, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 9
Dynamics of the Irtysh River Floodplain Hydrology and Vegetation in the Pavlodar Region of the Republic of Kazakhstan
(M. A. Beisembayeva, V. A. Zemtsov, V. A. Kamkin and K. U. Bazarbekov, Tomsk State University, Russia, and others)

Chapter 10
Biogeochemistry of Organic Carbon, Major and Trace Elements in the Flooded and Riparian Zone of the Ob River
(S. N. Vorobyev, V. V. Drozdov, A. V. Sorotchinskiy, S. N. Kirpotin, L. G. Kolesnichenko, L. S. Shirokova, R. M. Manasypov and O. S. Pokrovsky, BIO-GEO-CLIM Laboratory, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia, and others)

Chapter 11
Alluvial Soils of the Ob River Floodplain and Their Significance in the Formation of Geochemical Flow from Western Siberia
(S.N. Vorobyev, S.N. Kirpotin, T.§¦. Vorobyeva, L.G. Kolesnichenko, L.A. Izerskaya, National Research Tomsk State University, Russia, and others)

Chapter 12
Spatial Structure and Dynamics of Tom River Floodplain Landscapes Based on GIS, Digital Elevation Model and Remote Sensing
(Vadim Khromykh, Oxana Khromykh, Geography Department, Tomsk State University, Russia)

Chapter 13
Benthic Invertebrate Community Floodplain-River System Basin Vasyugan (Middle Ob): Consequences of Oil Field Exploration
(D. S. Vorobiev, Y. A. Noskov, V. K. Popkov, and A. I. Ruzanova, Institute of Biology and BIO-GEO-CLIM Laboratory, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia)

Chapter 14
Dynamics of Floodplain Landscapes
(V.S. Khromykh, Department of Geography, Tomsk State University, Russia)

Index

Target Audience:
Public organizations working in the field of academic science (primarily, universities and academic research units) Biogeochemists, ecologists, environmental engineers, conservational ecologists, universities

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