Research Advances in Dynamic Light Scattering

Jaison Jeevanandam (Editor)
Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University

Michael K. Danquah (Editor)
University of Tennessee, Chattanooga, TN, USA

Series: Physics Research and Technology
BISAC: SCI074000

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Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Dynamic light scattering (DLS) is an important concept that has found applications in the characterization of the biophysical properties of materials for a wide range of applications. DLS studies are extensively employed in material science and engineering to evaluate particle size distribution and surface charge for applications in nanomaterial synthesis, biomolecular analysis, pharmaceutical development and environmental applications. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of research advances relating to the principle and applications of DLS in various fields.

The book is divided into two parts – Part 1 discusses the uses of DLS in material science and engineering applications and Part 2 focuses on applications of DLS in biological sciences. Chapter 1—DLS Studies: Recent Trends in Characterization—aims to provide an overview of the working principle, mathematical models and different types of DLS analysis methods. In addition, recent trends in DLS studies and applications in various fields are also discussed. Chapter 2—Application of DLS Technique in Nanomaterial Characterization—discusses the uses of DLS for nanomaterial characterization in terms of the size, size distribution and zeta potential of particles. Chapter 3—Potentialities of DLS with SAXS Studies to Analyze Heterogenous Nanocatalyst— compares two techniques (DLS and SAXS) and provides evidence that nanocatalyst can be characterized more effectively by modifying DLS with SAXS. In Chapter 4—DLS Studies on Self-Assembling Copolymer Nanostructures—the authors demonstrate the application of DLS in characterizing self-assembling and stimuli-responsive di-block copolymers in aqueous media and their association with low molecular weight drugs. Chapter 5— Slow and Ultraslow Relaxations in Molecular and Ionic Liquids-based Unary and Binary Systems—discusses slow and ultraslow dynamics, probed by DLS measurements, in common organic molecular liquids, ionic liquids (ILs), aqueous solutions of salts and molecular solids and liquid-liquid binary mixtures.

In part 2, Chapter 6—Applications of DLS Studies in Phytochemical Analysis— discusses the application of dynamic light scattering for particle size determination using natural phytochemicals derived from plants. Chapter 7—Applications of DLS in Pharmaceutical Industry— is a comprehensive review of DLS analysis in pharmaceutical research, development and production. Chapter 8—DLS Studies of the Protein-Surfactant System—discusses the relationship between viscosity and DLS measurement using the growth behavior of SDS micelle. The authors of‘Chapter 9—Applications of DLS Studies in Microbial Surface Charge Analysis—provides an overview of the wider applications of DLS studies in evaluating the surface charge of microbes via zeta potential analysis. Additionally, the mechanisms of microbial surface charge in elevating their growth rate is also discussed. The final chapter—Overview and Future Perspective of DLS Studies—is a brief summary of the application of DLS analysis in various fields and the relevant considerations for DLS analysis in particle characterization. In addition, hybrid instrumentation and DLS coupling with other techniques are discussed.

We hope that this book will help to enlighten undergraduates and graduates research students as well as early and seasoned researchers on advances in DLS techniques and emerging applications.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1. Dynamic Light Scattering Studies: Recent Trends in Characterization
(Jaison Jeevanandam, Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Melvin Tan, Adil Malik Nawaz and Michael K. Danquah, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia, and others)

Chapter 2. Applications of Dynamic Light Scattering Technique in Nanomaterial Characterizations
(Goutam Ghosh, UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Mumbai Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India)

Chapter 3. Potentialities of Dynamic Light Scattering with Small Angle X-Ray Scattering Studies to Analyze Heterogeneous Nanocatalysts
(Yolice Patricia Moreno Ruiz and João Henrique Zimnoch dos Santos, Centro de Tecnologias Estratégicas do Nordeste, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 4. Dynamic Light Scattering Studies on Self-Assembling Copolymer Nanostructures
(Athanasios Skandalis, Varvara Chrysostomou, Theodore Sentoukas, Martha Kafetzi, Despoina Giaouzi, Angeliki Chroni, Eleni Vlassi, Aristeidis Papagiannopoulos and Stergios Pispas, Theoretical and Physical Chemistry Institute, National Hellenic Research Foundation, Athens, Greece)

Chapter 5. Slow and Ultraslow Relaxations in Molecular and Ionic Liquids-Based Unary and Binary Systems
(Adhip Rahman, M. Muhibur Rahman, M. Yousuf A. Mollah and Md. Abu Bin Hasan Susan, Material Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh)

Chapter 6. Applications of Dynamic Light Scattering Studies in Phytochemical Analysis
(Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji and Chukwuebuka Egbuna, Applied Microbiology, Biotechnology and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Edo University Iyamho, Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria, and others)

Chapter 7. Applications of Dynamic Light Scattering in Pharmaceutical Industry
(Vijaykumar K. Parmar, Gayatri C. Patel and Yen San Chan, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarath, India, and others)

Chapter 8. Dynamic Light Scattering Studies of the Protein-Surfactant System
(Jinu George, Gunjan Verma, P. A. Hassan and Lisa Sreejith, Biotechnology Laboratory, Sacred Heart College, Mahatma Gandhi University, Thevara Kochi, India, and others)

Chapter 9. Applications of Dynamic Light Scattering Studies in Microbial Surface Charge Analysis
(Sharadwata Pan, Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Muhammad Akram and Jaison Jeevanandam, School of Life Science Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich, Freising, Germany, and others)

Chapter 10. Overview and Future Perspective of Dynamic Light Scattering Studies
(Jaison Jeevanandam, Melvin Tan and Michael K. Danquah, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia, and others)

About the Editors

Index

“This book is an exceptional compilation of the key fundamentals and applications of dynamic light scattering from both material characterization and biomedical perspectives. In the first section, it captures the emerging trends and applicability of light scattering in nanotechnology and in establishing a metric for nanoparticles. This book not only focuses on the traditional nanoparticles, but highlights the recent findings on more complex nanostructures. Usefulness of dynamic light scattering in assessing the self-assembly and size of these next-generation nanostructures such as stimuli-responsive di-block copolymers is represented in an excellent fashion. The second section of this book is an extraordinary presentation of the immense capabilities of dynamic light scattering in the field of pharmaceuticals and biologically derived materials such as natural phytochemicals. It also highlights the future applications of this technique. This book is exceptional and unlike any other textbooks on dynamic light scattering because it couples the immense potential of dynamic light scattering technique in two major fields – nanotechnology and biology. It will provide the students and researchers of the field with the complete fundamentals of dynamic light scattering as well as the novel applications. Therefore, I highly recommend Research Advances in Dynamic Light Scattering for our students, researchers, and faculty.” - Dr. Soubantika Palchoudhury, Assistant Professor and graduate co-ordinator, Chemical Engineering, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA

“Jaison and Michael have compiled an important resource for the recent trends in dynamic scattering studies. This well-written edited book provides coverage of the working principle, the mathematical models and the different types of DLS analysis methods as well as its application in various fields. Anyone involved in the characterization of nanomaterials, pharmaceuticals to environmental studies and protein analysis will treasure this book because it provides another avenue to learn and understand the in-depth knowledge on DLS.” - John Lau Sie Yon, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University Malaysia, Sarawak, Malaysia

“The book Research Advances in Dynamic Light Scattering edited by Dr. Jaison and Prof. Michael Danquah is a well-compiled book which covers almost each aspect of DLS technique from theory, principle, distinct equations to understand this technique in depth and its application in various field. Each chapter in this book adds on to the knowledge about DLS technique and provides immense details to use this technique in their research. This book covers the application of this technique in both material science and biological science, and thus, I believe the book will be an essential guide for researchers working in these fields, especially with micro and nanosized particles. Congratulations to both the editors for compiling chapters on different aspects of DLS from experienced researchers in the field and compile them chronologically for understanding this technique for a range of audience – from undergraduates to professors and scientists.” - Dr. Ahmed Barhoum, Researcher at European Institute of Membranes, University of Montpellier and Lecturer (tenured) of Nanotechnology at Chemistry Department, Helwan University, Egypt

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