Rehabilitation in Neurotrauma: Current Concepts, Practices and Recommendations

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VD Sinha (Editor) – Senior Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur, India
Amit Chakraborty (Editor) – Senior Consultant and Neurosurgeon , Eternal Hospital, Jaipur, India
Jitin Bajaj (Editor) – Associate Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, India
Gaurav Jain (Editor) – Assistant Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur India
Amit Agrawal (Editor) – Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Saket Nagar, Madhya Pradesh, India

Series: Trauma and Recovery
BISAC: MED015000; MED035000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/FLNG2422

Neurorehabilitation is an upcoming area and has become a vital aspect in the management of every neurologic disorder. Neurorehabilitation is a vital aspect in the holistic management of neurological diseases, which includes but is not limited to stroke, trauma, epilepsy, tumors, spine injuries, movement disorders, etc. The book is divided into sections for easy readability. It encompasses all aspects of this modality from basic research to advanced technology and is written by eminent authors working in these fields. The problem-solving approach is a key feature of this book. A special emphasis is given on evaluation and techniques helpful for resource-limited settings. Tables, figures, schemas, and videos are embedded at suitable places for better understanding. Case studies are also included at relevant places. Separate chapters on neurologic problems like cognition, vision, audition, etc. are made for quick and easy grasp. The book is intended for broad academia including neurologists, neurosurgeons, physical therapists, ophthalmologists, otolaryngologists, general practitioners, medical students, paramedical staff, and researchers working in this field. The spectrum includes, but is not limited to, rehabilitation before and after stroke, trauma, tumors, epilepsy, spine injuries, movement disorders, etc. The spectrum is enlarging due to an aging population. Newer advances like robot and automation-assisted rehabilitation, exoskeletons, brain-computer interface, and transcranial magnetic stimulation have added to the armamentarium of this modality. This book is dedicated to basic and advanced aspects of neurorehabilitation. It is intended for a broad academic level including neurologists, neurosurgeons, physical therapists, ophthalmologists, otolaryngologists, general practitioners, paramedical staff, and researchers working in this field. We believe that the book shall benefit neurologists, neurosurgeons, physical therapists, ophthalmologists, otolaryngologists, general practitioners, medical students, paramedical staff, and researchers working in the field of neurorehabilitation.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Basic Research on TBI Rehabilitation
Narges Ali Kadhem¹ and Manar Ahmed Kamal²
¹College of Medicine, Thi-Qar University, Thi-Qar, Iraq
²Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt

Chapter 2. Concepts of Neurorehabilitation in Neurotrauma
V. Arvind Kumar, MS, MCh and Rajesh Alugolu, MS, MCh
Department of Neurosurgery, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Punjagutta, Hyderabad, India

Chapter 3. Essential Neuroimaging in Rehabilitation
Md Moshiur Rahman, MS
Neurosurgery Department, Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Chapter 4. Neural Plasticity and Functional Recovery
Nazmin Ahmed
Registrar and Specialist, Department of Neurosurgery, Ibrahim Cardiac Hospital and Research Institute, Shahbag, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Chapter 5. Economic Dynamics in Neurorehabilitation
Gaurav Jain¹ and V. D. Sinha²
¹Assistant Professor, Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College & Hospital, Jaipur, India
²Senior Professor & Ex-Head of Department, Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College & Hospital, Jaipur, India

Chapter 6. Prognostication in Traumatic Brain Injury
V. G. Ramesh, MCh, DNB, FRCS
Department of Neurosurgery, Chettinad Hospital & Research Institute,Chettinad Academy of Research & Education,Chennai, India

Chapter 7. Nutrition in Brain Trauma, Cognitive Sequelae and Quality of Life in Mild Head Injury
Shilpi Pandey¹, Ved Prakash Maurya², Mayank Singh² and Kamlesh Singh Bhaisora²
¹Dietician – Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
²Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India

Chapter 8. Disorders of Memory and Their Rehabilitation
Orlin Pavlov, MD and Kalina Koleva, MD, PhD
¹Department of Neurosurgery, Helios Klinikum Krefeld, Germany
²Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical University of Sofia

Chapter 9. Motor System, Gait and Balance
Rakesh Mishra¹, Bukkambudhi V. Murlimanju² and Amit Agrawal³
¹Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
²Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
³Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Chapter 10. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Dr. Brajesh Kumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, IGIMS, Patna, India

Chapter 11. Spinal Cord Injuries: Neurological Involvement and Disability Pattern
S. Shashivadhanan¹, MCh, MS and Gaurav Mittal², MS
¹Military Hospital Bathinda, Bathinda, Punjab, India
²Department of Orthopaedics, MH Kirkee, Pune, India

Chapter 12. Spasticity
Mrinal Joshi
Professor, Director, Rehabilitation Research Centre, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, SMS Medical College and Associated Hospitals, Jaipur, India

Chapter 13. Surgery for Spasticity
Vasundhara S Rangan and Suchanda Bhattacharjee
Department of Neurosurgery, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Chapter 14. Bowel and Bladder Dysfunction
Rakesh Mishra¹, Bukkambudhi V. Murlimanju² and Amit Agrawal³
¹Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Uttar Pradesh, India
²Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College,
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
³Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences,
Madhya Pradesh, India

Chapter 15. Sexual and Reproductive Dysfunction
Rakesh Mishra¹, Bukkambudhi V. Murlimanju² and Amit Agrawal³
¹Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
²Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy
of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
³Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal,
Madhya Pradesh, India

Chapter 16. Stem Cell Application in Neurorehabilitation
Orlin Pavlov¹, MD, and Kalina Koleva², MD, PhD
¹Department of Neurosurgery, Helios Klinikum Krefeld, Krefeld, Germany
²Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria

Chapter 17. Rehabilitation in Peripheral Nerve Injuries Including Brachial Plexus
Jitin Bajaj¹, Pawan Agarwal², Ambuj Kumar¹, Narayan Swamy¹ and YR Yadav¹
¹Department of Neurosurgery, Superspeciality Hospital, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, India
²Plastic Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, India

Chapter 18. Neurorehabilitation: Orthoses and Neurostimulation
Orlin Pavlov¹, MD, and Kalina Koleva², MD, PhD
¹Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum Fulda, University Medicine Marburg, Germany
²Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria

Index


Book Reviews

“There is a scarcity of books on the topic of rehabilitation following neurotrauma in the existing neurosurgical literature, yet neurotrauma occurs so frequently, and is the condition that neurosurgeons, especially those in the LMIC countries in the Asian-Australian region and in the rest of the world, encounter the most. As neurosurgeons, whilst we may not be directly involved in the rehabilitation of these patients (although we would have operated on many of them immediately following the neurotrauma), knowing and understanding what management and further care they will need following our neurosurgical interventions is an important part of the care continuum. I applaud and highly commend Prof. Virenda D Sinha and the authors of this book for their tremendous effort to give us a book that will help and update us in managing patients who suffer the aftermath of neurotrauma. It is what most of us need in the continual care of our patients. I am sure the readers will appreciate the efforts that have gone into the publication of this book, and I am thankful to Prof. Sinha and his team for this book.” – Dr. Seow Wan Tew, President, Asian Australasian Society of Neurological Surgeons (AASNS)