Rare Earth Elements: Supply Chain Risks and National Defense Issues

Kristin Waters (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013000



Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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The Department of Defense (DOD) depends on rare earths that contain one or more of 17 similar metals which have unique properties, such as magnetism at high temperatures, to provide functionality in weapon system components. Many steps in the rare earths supply chain, such as mining, are conducted in China, a situation that may pose risks to the continued availability of these materials. The Joint Explanatory Statement accompanying the Carl Levin and Howard P. “Buck” McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for 2015 included a provision for the United States Government Accountability Office (GAO) to review DOD efforts to identify and mitigate risks in its rare earths supply chain. This book assesses the extent that DOD determined which rare earths, if any, are critical to national security; and has identified and mitigated risks associated with rare earths, including the effects of a potential supply disruption.


Chapter 1. Rare Earth Materials: Developing a Comprehensive Approach Could Help DOD Better Manage National Security Risks in the Supply Chain
United States Government Accountability Office

Chaoter 2. Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress
Valerie Bailey Grasso

Chapter 3. Diversification of Supply Chain and Reclamation Activities Related to Rare Earths
Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics

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