Rangelands along the Silk Road: Transformative Adaptation under Climate and Global Change

Victor Roy Squires (Editor)
Institute of Desertification Studies, Beijing
International Dryland Management Consultant, Adelaide, Australia

Shang Zhan-Huan (Editor)
Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China

Ali Ariapour (Editor)
Department of Range Management, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran

Series: Environmental Research Advances
BISAC: SCI026000

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This multi-author book by experts in Central Asia draws together the key issues that confront the peoples of these lands as the New Silk Road takes shape. The Editors provide an overview of information and background about rangelands, grasslands and pasturelands in nine Silk Road countries as well as their productivity and ecological function. The authors discuss the status, future prospects and strategies to achieve sustainable management of rangelands and grasslands in the context of the infrastructure developments and other New Silk Road building activities in Central Asia. They identify problems and hazards associated with global change, including climate change in Silk Road countries. This book will act as a vehicle to promote knowledge useful for managing rangelands, grasslands and pasture lands along the Silk Road, from Mongolia in the East to Iran in the West.

No region of the world has such vast and largely undeveloped areas of land that is so strategically placed between Europe to the west, Asia to the east, and Russia acting as huge presence to the north. For ages, these vast lands have been the conduit through which trade, commerce, learning and religious beliefs have spread. For millennia, the resource base (rivers, lakes, and various types of land including vast steppes, grasslands and other forms of rangelands) have supported lives and livelihoods of millions of people, as goods and ideas flowed in both directions along the vast network of trade routes that came to be known as the Silk Road. In the past, there have been many challenges, not the least of which was the issue of distance (over 6000 km. from China to the eastern edge Europe).

In modern times, there has been a renewed interest in these vast lands that contain the world’s highest mountains, some of the driest deserts and provide sustenance for millions of people and their livestock as well as an irreplaceable wealth of plant and animal diversity. Accelerated economic activity, which is mainly infrastructure development (pipelines, highways, railways), is both a threat and an opportunity especially when set against a background of global change, including climatic shifts that threaten water supplies and livelihoods on a scale never before experienced.

The focus of the authors’ is on the extensive rangelands and grasslands, as well as the peoples whose livelihoods depend on the development of sustainable land management. In particular, they analyze and provide commentary of the transformative adaptations that are required if the Silk Road and its inhabitants are to survive into the twenty-second century and beyond. (Imprint: Nova)

About the Editors

Foreword

Preface

Scope, Purpose and Readership

List of Tables

List of Figures

List of Boxes

Part I. Transformations, Transitions, Challenges

Chapter 1. Transformative Adaptation under Climate and Global Change along the Silk Road: Challenges and Potentials
V.R. Squires, ZH. Shang and A. Ariapour (Guest Professor, Institute of Desertification Studies, Beijing, China, and others)

Chapter 2. Rangeland and Grassland in the Region of Former Soviet Union: Future Implications for Silk Road Countries
Victor R. Squires and Haiying Feng (International Rangeland Management Specialist, Adelaide, Australia, and others)

Chapter 3. Conservation and Development of Medicinal Plants of Relevant Territory along the Silk Road
Zhijia Cui and Xuelin Chen (School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Tibetan Medicine Resources, Gansu University of Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou, China, and others)

Part II. Rangeland and Grassland in Northern and Western China

Chapter 4. Rangeland and Grassland in Inner-Mongolia, China and its Function in Ecology and Economics of the New Silk Road
Gao Kai and Zhu Tie Xia (Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities, Tongliao, China)

Chapter 5. Rangelands and Grasslands in the Tibetan Plateau of China: Ecological Structure and Function at the Top of the World
Zhanhuan Shang, Rui Zhang, Allan Degen and Ruijun Long (School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China, and others)

Chapter 6. Rangeland and Grassland in Gansu-Xinjiang China, and its Function in Silk Road and Future?
Limin Hua (Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China)

Part III. Rangelands and Pasturelands in Greater Central Asia

Chapter 7. Rangeland and Pastureland in Iran: Potentials, Problems and Prospects
Ali Ariapour, Hossein Badripour and Mohammad Hassan Jouri (Department of Range Management, Boroujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd, Iran, and others)

Chapter 8. Rangeland and Pastureland in Afghanistan: Its Current Status and Future Prospects
Yasin Safar and Victor R. Squires (Formerly, Consultant, Terra Institute, Mt. Horeb, Wisconsin, USA, and others)

Chapter 9. Pakistan: Status and Perspective Functions of Rangeland Resources in a Changing World under One Belt, One Road Initiative
Muhammad Khalid Rafiq, Jamila Sharirf, Abdul Wahid Jasra, and Ruijun Long (Lanzhou University, China, and others)

Chapter 10. Rangeland & Grassland in Nepal's Alpine Regions: Problem and Prospects
Dil Kumar Limbu (Central Campus of Technology, Tribhuvan University, Dharan, Nepal)

Chapter 11. Rangeland and Grassland in Mongolia: Land and People in Transition
Dorligsuren Dulamsuren and Dulmaa Dorjgotov (Mongolian Society for Range Management, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia)

Part IV. Rangelands and Pasturelands in Five Former Soviet Republics

Chapter 12. Uzbekistan -- Rangelands and Pasturelands: Problems and Prospects
Tolib Mukimov (Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences, Samarkand, Uzbekistan)

Chapter 13. Rangelands and Pasturelands of Tajikistan: Problems and Prospects
Barno A. Kurbanova and Victor Squires (Independent Rural Sociologist, Dushanbe, Tajikistan, and others)

Chapter 14. Assessment of the Scale, Geographical Distribution and Diversity of Pastures along the Kazakhstan's Part of the Route of the Great Silk Road
Akiyanova F.Zh., Temirbayeva R.K., Karynabayev A.K., and Yegemberdiyeva K.B. (Director of the Branch of the "Institute of Geography" LLP, Kazakhstan, and others)

Chapter 15. Transformation in Pasture use in Kyrgyzstan. What are the Costs of Pasture Degradation?
Rebecka Ridder, Isakov Azamat and Kasymov Ulan (Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, and others)

Chapter 16. Turkmenistan – Rangelands and Pasturelands: Problems and Prospects
Jamal Annagylyjova and Victor R. Squires (UNCCD, Bonn, Germany, and others)

Part V. Unifying Perspectives

Chapter 17. Unifying Perspectives: Future Problems and Prospects for People and the Natural Resource base on which they Depend
V. R. Squires, Shang ZH and A. Ariapour (Institute of Desertification Studies, Beijing, China, and others)

Index

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