Radionuclides: Properties, Behavior and Potential Health Effects


Nataša Todorović and Jovana Nikolov (Editors)
Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI026000

Our world has been radioactive ever since! Humans are primarily exposed to natural radiation from the Sun, cosmic rays, and naturally-occurring radionuclides found in the Earth’s crust. Besides the natural radioactivity, industries, which produce radioactive wastes during their normal operations or during their dismantling and decommissioning processes, do contaminate the environment through the release of radionuclides into the air, soil and water. Among them, nuclear power plants, NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials) related industries, hospitals, radionuclide production facilities, uranium mining and other nuclear facilities, along with radioactive/nuclear disposal sites are a potential source of environmental contamination by emission/discharging of natural/artificial radionuclides through water, air and soil to the other environmental compartments like plants, animals and foods. In a word, everything that makes our existence!

The book ”Radionuclides: Properties, Behavior and Potential Health Effects” is a comprehensive overview of some information on radiation in the environment and human exposure to radioactivity. This book highlights the sources, properties, behaviors, and biological and ecological effects of radioactivity from both natural and anthropogenic sources. The emphasis is on the environmental aspects of radionuclides and their eventual effects on biota, particularly humans.
(Imprint: Nova)




Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Gamma Dose Rate in Air Due to Natural and Anthropogenic Radionuclides in Soil
(Hugo Velasco, Grupo de Estudios Ambientales, Instituto de Matemática Aplicada San Luis, IMASL UNSL/CONICET, San Luis, Argentina)

Chapter 2. A Review of the Behavior of Different Radionuclides in Sludge from Water Treatment Plants and Their Radiological Implications
(Tatiana Baciu, Sandra Peñalver, Carme Aguilar and Francesc Borrull, Unitat de Radioquímica Ambiental i Sanitaria, Departament de Química Analítica i Química Orgànica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain)

Chapter 3. Radioactivity of Rocks in Several Regions of East Georgia
(Nodar Kekelidze, Teimuraz Jakhutashvili, Bezhan Tutberidze, Eremia Tulashvili, Mariam Akhalkatsishvili, Lela Mtsariashvili, Manana Chkhaidze and Irina Ambokadze, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia)

Chapter 4. Radioactivity of Water in Vojvodina and Possible Health Effects
(Sanja Bijelović, Marija Jevtić, Nataša Dragić, Jovana Nikolov and Nataša Todorović, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Public Health of Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 5.  210137 Cs and Be as Tracers for Sediment Deposition in an Embayment of Three Gorges Reservoir, China
(Yuanyi Li, Weiguo Zhang, Binliang Lin, Jian Sun and Huan Feng, State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, and others)

Chapter 6. Activity Concentrations of  226 Ra,  232 Th and  40 K in Building Materials in Serbia: Radon Exhalation Rate and Assessment of Radiological Impact
(Predrag Kuzmanović, Nataša Todorović, Sofija Forkapić, Jovana Nikolov, Dušan Mrđa and Jovana Knežević, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department for Physics, Novi Sad, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 7. Radionuclides  90Sr and  3H: Properties, Behavior, Distribution and Analysis of Influence to Content in Precipitation
(Nataša Sarap and Marija Janković, Institute of Nuclear Sciences “Vinča”, Department of Radiation and Environmental Protection, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia)

Chapter 8. Radiological and Environmental Aspects of  210 Pb in Water: Improvements in the Detection Efficiency during Cherenkov Counting
(Ivana Stojković, Nataša Todorović, Jovana Nikolov, Slobodan Gadžurić, Aleksandar Tot and Milan Vraneš, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 9. Properties, Behavior and Potential Health Effects of   14 C
(Ines Krajcar Bronić, Jadranka Barešić, Andreja Sironić and Damir Borković, Laboratory for Low-level Radioactivities, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb, Croatia)

Chapter 10. Human Bio-Monitoring and Bio-Indicators for Health Risk Management Associated to Chronic Exposures in High Radon Concentration Environments: A Review
(Simona Mancini, Michele Guida, Albina Cuomo, Domenico Guida, Margot De Marco, Liberato Marzullo, Alessandra Rosati, Maria Caterina Turco, Francesco De Caro, Giuseppina Moccia, Mario Capunzo, Silvana Mirella Aliberti, Anna Di Cosmo, Anna Valeria Maselli, Gianluca Polese, Todorović Nataša and Nikolov Jovana, Ambients and Radiations Laboratory, Department of Information Engineering, Electric Engineering and Applied Mathematics, University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy, and others)

Chapter 11. Indoor Radon and Thoron Study and Assessment of Geogenic Radon Potential
(Sofija Forkapić, Robert Lakatoš, Jan Hansman, Selena Samardžić, Kristina Bikit-Schroeder, Dušan Mrđa and Tomas Nemeš, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 12. Radionuclides in Nuclear Medicine
(Silvija Lučić, Medical Faculty, University of Novi Sad, Oncology Institute of Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Serbia)

Chapter 13. Nuclear Medicine: Therapeutic Potential of Radionuclides
(Samir B. Eskander and Hosam M. Saleh, Radioisotope Department, Nuclear Research Center, Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, Egypt)



Additional information