Quantum Dots: Research, Technology and Applications


Editor: Randolf W. Knoss

Since first developed in the early sixties, silicon chip technology has made vast leaps forward. From a rudimentary circuit with a mere handful of transistors, the chip has evolved into a technological wonder, packing millions of bits of information on a surface no larger than a human thumbnail. And most experts predict that in the near future, we will see chips with over a billion bits. Quantum dots are small devices that contain a tiny droplet of free electrons. They are fabricated in semiconductor materials and have typical dimensions ranging from nanometres to a few microns. The size and shape of these structures and therefore the number of electrons they contain can be precisely controlled; a quantum dot can have anything from a single electron to a collection of several thousands. The physics of quantum dots shows many parallels with the behavior of naturally occurring quantum systems in atomic and nuclear physics. As in an atom, the energy levels in a quantum dot become quantized due to the confinement of electrons. Unlike atoms however, quantum dots can be easily connected to electrodes and are therefore excellent tools for studying atomic-like properties. This new book presents the latest research developments in the world of quantum dots.

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Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Few-Electron Semiconductor Quantum Dots in Magnetic Field: Theory and Methods
Orion Ciftja

Chapter 2. Investigations of Electronic States in Self-assembled InAs/GaAs Quantum-Dot Structures
Shiwei Lin and Aimin Song

Chapter 3. Chemically Deposited Thin Films of Close Packed Cadmium Selenide Quantum Dots: Photophysics, Optical and Electrical Properties
Biljana Pejova

Chapter 4. Numerical Modelling of Semiconductor Quantum Dot Light Emitters for Fiber Optic Communication and Sensing
Mariangela Gioannini

Chapter 5. Quantum Dot Technology for Semiconductor Broadband Light Sources
C.Y. Ngo, S.F. Yoon and S.J. Chua

Chapter 6. Quantum Dots in Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Development
Ian D. Tomlinson, Michael R. Warnement and Sandra J. Rosenthal

Chapter 7. Strain Relief and Nucleation Mechanisms of InN Quantum Dots
J.G. Lozano, A.M. Sánchez, R. García, S. Ruffenach, O. Briot and D. González

Chapter 8. Electronic Structure and Physical Properties of Semiconductor Quantum Dots
Xiu-Wen Zhang, Yuan-Hui Zhu and Jian-Bai Xia

Chapter 9. Ge Nanoclusters in GeO2 Films: Synthesis, Structural Research and Optical Properties
V.A. Volodin and E.B. Gorokhov

Chapter 10. Model for the Coherent Optical Manipulation of a Single Spin State in a Charged Quantum Dot
Gabriela M. Slavcheva

Chapter 11. Sub-diffraction Quantum Dot Waveguides
Chia-Jean Wang and Lih Y. Lin

Chapter 12. Three-Dimensional Imagings of the Intracellular Localization of mRNA and Its Transcript Using Nanocrystal (Quantum Dot) and Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy Techniques
Akira Matsuno, Akiko Mizutani, Susumu Takekoshi, R. Yoshiyuki Osamura, Johbu Itoh, Fuyuaki Ide, Satoru Miyawaki, Takeshi Uno, Shuichiro Asano, Junichi Tanaka, Hiroshi Nakaguchi, Mitsuyoshi Sasaki, Mineko Murakami and Hiroko Okinaga

Chapter 13. Unified Description of Resonance and Decay Phenomena in Quantum Dots
Ingrid Rotter and Almas F. Sadreev

Chapter 14. Theoretical Study on Quantum Dots Using Effective-Mass Envelope Function Theory
Shu-Shen Li and Jian-Bai Xia

Chapter 15. Transmission through Quantum Dots with Variable Shape: Bound States in the Continuum
Almas F. Sadreev, Evgeny N. Bulgakov, Konstantin N. Pichugin, Ingrid Rotter, and Tatyana V. Babushkina

Chapter 16. Optical Properties of Quantum Dots: Possible Control of the Impurity Absorption Spectra and Factor of Geometric Form
V.D. Krevchik, M.B. Semenov and R.V. Zaitsev

Chapter 17. Post-growth Energy Bandgap Tuning of InAs/InGaAs/InP Quantum Dot Structures: Intermixing of Quantum Dot Structures
Tang Xiaohong and Yin Zongyou

Chapter 18. Application of Quantum Dots in Organic Memory Devices: A Brief Overview
Kaushik Mallick and Michael .J Witcomb


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