Protected Areas: Policies, Management and Future Directions


Sharif Ahmed Mukul (Editor)
Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Australia; Tropical Forestry Group, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

A. Z. M. Manzoor Rashid (Editor)
Department of Forestry & Environmental Science, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Urban Sight, Bangladesh

Series: Environmental Research Advances, Wildlife Protection, Destruction and Extinction
BISAC: NAT011000

Establishment of a protected area (PA) is a key global conservation strategy aimed to protect the Earth’s imperiled biodiversity and ecosystems. Globally, PA networks now cover nearly 15% of the terrestrial ecosystem. Despite the importance of PAs in protecting declining biodiversity and unique ecosystems, many of them are in critical condition due to poor governance, thus functioning below the expected level. Moreover, in many developing countries, the PA coverage is lower than the global standard. Recognizing their contemporary role in conservation, governments have recently agreed to expand the global PA coverage to 17% by the year 2020 (Aichi Target 11).

This book with case studies from around the world provides an overview of PA governance, institutional mechanisms, conservation benefits, limitations and challenges associated with their respective policy discourse, integrated management, and functional attributes. Chapter One provides a general overview with an introduction to the chapters, while Chapters Two through Nine present various attributes of protected area management, from policy to governance, conservation to ecotourism, and land-use/cover change to impact on climate.

Protected areas will continue to play an important role in conservation and protection of biodiversity and wild habitats, particularly in countries where population pressure and habitat loss are high. Regular intervention, political commitment, and effective governance are essential for the sustainability of PAs across the globe. In this book, we also attempted to shed some light on future developmental clues for the sustainable management and monitoring of PAs worldwide.

This book will be useful to managers of protected areas, conservation scientists, policymakers, students and researchers working on biodiversity conservation, natural resources, and environmental management. (Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Managing Protected Areas in a Changing World: New Insights and Opportunities
A. Z. M. Manzoor Rashid and Sharif Ahmed Mukul (Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, School of Agriculture and Mineral Sciences, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh, and others)

Chapter 2. Governing the Accessibility of Protected Areas
Christopher M. Fleming (Griffith Business School, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia)

Chapter 3. Shifting Paradigm of Governance in the Natural Resources Management of Bangladesh: A Centralist to Pluralistic Approach in the Forest Protected Areas Management
A. Z. M. Manzoor Rashid, Donna Craig and Sharif Ahmed Mukul (Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, School of Agriculture and Mineral Sciences, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh, and others)

Chapter 4. Conservation without Participation: Detrimental Effect of Escaping People’s Participation in Protected Area Management in Nepal
Sushma Bhattarai, Basant Pant and Niroj Timalsina (Institute of Forestry, Tribhuvan University, Pokhara, Nepal, and others)

Chapter 5. Contested Forests: Insights from the Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary (India) Regarding the Utilisation of Forest Resources
Elisabeth Anne-Sophie Mayrhuber (Department of Development Studies, University of Vienna; Centre for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Austria)

Chapter 6. Local Level Policies for Tourism Management in Protected Areas: Experiences from Costa Rica
Carlos Morera Beita and Marta Nel-lo Andreu (Geography Department, National University, Costa Rica, and others)

Chapter 7. Forest Protected Area Systems and Biodiversity Conservation in Bangladesh
Sharif Ahmed Mukul, A. Z. M. Manzoor Rashid and Niaz Ahmed Khan (Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia, and others)

Chapter 8. Conversion of Native Vegetation in Protected Areas Fuels CO2-Equivalent Losses in Uganda
Giregon Olupot, John R. Otukei, Vincent B. Muwanika, Josephine Esaete, and John R.S. Tabuti (Department of Agricultural Production, School of Agricultural Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda, and others)

Chapter 9. Vascular Plants at the Protected Areas Network of the Republic of Mordovia: Present Status and Prospects
Anatoliy A. Khapugin, Gennadiy G. Chugunov, Elena V. Vargot, and Tatyana B. Silaeva (Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russia, and others)

About the Editors



“Protected areas are our best hope for conserving biodiversity and natural ecological processes in the long term. But many protected areas are under heavy and growing human pressures-especially in developing nations with pressing needs for economic development. This book is an invaluable and timely compendium of studies on the challenges of managing protected areas in developing nations and ensuring that they remain viable not just for us and our children, but also for many generations to come.” – William F. Laurance, PhD, FAA, FAAAS, FRSQ, Distinguished Research Professor & Australian Laureate, Prince Bernhard Chair in International Nature Conservation, James Cook University, Australia

“Throughout the world, and especially in the Global South, the expansion of protected areas is good news for conservation but also touches upon nearly every aspect of human development – poverty, access to resources, and power relations. Sharif Mukul and colleagues address head-on the contradictions, equity concerns, and conflicts between conservation and rights to resources for those living in and around protected areas. Through case studies throughout the Global South, they help chart a path forward for preserving nature in a world of increasing population and aspirations for development.” – Ruth S. DeFries, PhD, Denning Professor of Sustainable Development, Professor of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, USA

“With the world facing the likelihood of a six global extinction event, protected areas are more important than ever in conserving species and ecosystem services. Well-managed protected areas can act as natural solutions to many of the pressures impacting on the environment. This book compiles useful case studies and guidance for protected area managers in the developing world to assist them in ensuring that protected areas can fulfil their potential.” – Marc Hockings, PhD, Emeritus Professor of Environmental Management, University of Queensland, Australia

Additional Information

The target audience of this book includes protected area managers, conservation scientists, and students/researchers/academics based in universities and research institutes working on biodiversity conservation, environment and natural resources management etc.

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