Properties of Fluorite Structure Materials

Peter Vajda (Editor)
Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-CEA, Palaiseau, France

Jean-Marc Costantini (Editor)
CEA Saclay, DMN/SRMA, Gif sur Yvette, France

Series: Materials Science and Technologies
BISAC: TEC021000

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The present work focuses on two fluorite-structured groups of materials: the hydrides of the rare earths (and actinides) and several specific metal oxides, and is authored by researchers among the most competent and active in the field. By contrast to the classical “historic” alkaline-earth halides, non-stoichiometry appears as a key issue for both groups treated here. The former group has attracted particularly close attention because of its possible candidature as hydrogen storage material within the vast prospect of the clean energy economy.

In the second group, a chapter is devoted to the (antifluorite-type) lithium oxide, a candidate for (super)ionic batteries (again interesting for the clean energy technology) and as a tritium “breeder” in fusion reactor walls. Finally, two more chapters are dedicated to the radiation effects on actinide dioxides (like uranium dioxide), and yttria-stabilized zirconium dioxide which is envisioned as an inert confinement matrix for actinide transmutation in nuclear reactors. (Imprint: Nova)

Introduction

Chapter 1: Fluorite-Type Rare-Earth Hydrides Studied from First Principles
(Gunther Schöllhammer, Ferenc Karsai and Peter Herzig, Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Universität Wien, Wien, Austria)
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Chapter 2: Rare Earth (and Actinide) Dihydrides: Structural, Electronic and Magnetic Properties
(Peter Vajda, Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés, Ecole Polytechnique,
Palaiseau, France)

Chapter 3: High-Pressure Studies of Rare Earth Hydrides
(Taras Palasyuk and Marek Tkacz, Institute of Physical Chemistry,
PAS, Warsaw, Poland)

Chapter 4: Point Defects In Lithium Oxide
(François Beuneu, Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-CEA, Palaiseau, France)

Chapter 5: Radiation Damage in Cubic Stabilized Zirconia (ZrO2-x) and Ceria (CeO2-x)
(Jean-Marc Costantini, François Beuneu and William J. Weber, CEA, DEN, SRMA, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France and others)

Chapter 6: Radiation Effects in Actinide Compounds with the Fluorite Structure
(Thierry Wiss and Rudy Konings, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Karlsruhe, Germany)

Author Index

Subject Index

"Calcium fluoride, CaF2, occurs naturally as the mineral fluorite which lends its name to the deceptively simple cubic structure of four FCC Ca atoms and eight tetrahedrally coordinated F atoms. In simplicity often lies rich diversity, this is certainly the case with materials with the fluorite structure. The book “Properties of Fluorite Structure Materials” Edited by Peter Vajda and Jean-Marc Costantini demonstrates how such diversity in fluorite materials arrives from small changes in stoichiometry." READ MORE... - Dr. Clark S. Snow, Principal Member of the Technical Staff, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

"There are not many books dedicated to materials properties of a specific crystal structure type. “Properties of Fluorite Structure Materials” edited by Peter Vajda and Jean­‐Marc Costantini, is one of them." READ MORE... - Professor Klaus Yvon, Physics Department, University of Geneva, Switzerland

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