Problems of Biosphere Origin and Evolution. Volume 2

E. M. Galimov (Editor)
Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Series: Geology and Mineralogy Research Developments, Earth Sciences in the 21st Century
BISAC: SCI031000

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Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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By definition, biosphere is the Earth’s geological shell populated by living organisms. Therefore, the biosphere’s origin and evolution are primarily a geological problem. At present geological problems are solved using methods of physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics. The multidisciplinary approach is a basis of this book.

Life origin problems occupy the main part of this book. What is life, and can we understand its origin and evolution on the basis of laws of physics and chemistry? A number of works are dedicated to experimental study of the synthesis of organic compounds of the prebiotic significance, including ATP and photoactive systems. The characteristic feature of our scientific approach is to consider the problem of life origin in the context of the origin and evolution of the solar system, beginning with the protoplanetary stage and including the events of the Earth’s early history. The last chapter comprises papers that concern modern problems and approaches to the study of various aspects of biological evolution.

The present edition is a collection of articles by scientists representing more than 20 institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences and other organizations, joined by the science program “Problems of Biosphere Origin and Evolution”.

This book will be interesting for a wide range of researchers: physicists, chemists, biologists, mathematicians. The book represents the stance of the Russian scientific school on the problem of life origin, which does not always coincide with opinions of other scientific schools. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

SECTION 1. THE SITUATION ON THE EARLY EARTH

Chapter 1 - To Development of the Theory of the Origin and Early Evolution of the Earth
(V. V. Adushkin, A. V. Vityazev and G. V. Pechernikova, Institute for Dynamics of Geospheres, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 2 - Bulk Composition and Core Sizes of the Moon
(O. L. Kuskov and V. A. Kronrod, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 3 - Impulsive Heating of Gas-Dust Nebular Condensates as a Mechanism for the Conjugate Formation of Silicate Chondrules and Metal
(A. A. Ariskin, O. I. Yakovlev, K. A. Bychkov, G. S. Barmina, and G. S. Nikolaev, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 4 - Degassing of the Earth's Mantle and Metal Core Formation: Results of Experimental Modeling
(А. А. Kadik, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 5 - Formation of the Primordial Sialic Material of the Earth: Possible Mechanisms and Sources
(S. A. Silantyev, E. V. Bibikova, and A. A. Ariskin, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 6 - Role of Salt Composition (K/Na) of Aqueous Environments in Biological Evolution
(Yu. V. Natochin, B. N. Ryzhenko, and E. M. Galimov, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, and others)

Chapter 7 - Survivability of Bacteria and Phages Exposed to Short Heating, UV Radiation, and Electron Flows
(Yu. I. Zetser , Yu. N. Kiselev , Yu. V. Poklad , O. P. Popova , V. A. Rybakov, R. A. Dmitrieva, T. V. Doskina, and A. E. Nedachin, Institute of Geosphere Dynamics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

SECTION 2. EVENTS AND FACTORS OF BIOSPHERIC EVOLUTION

Chapter 8 - Role of Hydrogen and Metals in the Formation and Evolution of Metabolic Systems
(M. A. Fedonkin, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 9 - Nanobiota of the World Ocean: Its Role in Modern Ecosystems and Possibilities of Reconstructing Ancient Ecosystems
(A. L. Vereshchaka, Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 10- Evolution and Development of Marine Biota in the Paleozoic as Affected by Abiotic Factors
(M. S. Barash, Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 11 - Relicts and “Living Fossils” as Witnesses of the Modern Oceanic Fauna Formation
(O. N. Zezina, Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 12 - Accumulation of Carbonaceous and Phosphate Deposits in the Phanerozoic in Relation with Intensity of Volcanism
(G. N. Baturin, Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 13 - Global Climate Change and its Possible Relation to the Variations in Solar Activity
(V. А. Alexeev, A. I. Ivliev, L. F. Semenova, and A. V. Fisenko, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 14 - Cause-and-Effect Relationships and Factors of Global Biospheric Transformations in the Phanerozoic
(M. A. Akhmetiev, G. N. Aleksandrova, V. N. Beniamovski, V. S. Vishnevskaya, Yu. O. Gavrilov, A. B. Herman, N. I. Zaporozhets, T. M. Kodrul, M. G. Moiseeva, S. V. Naugolnykh, T. V. Oreshkina, K. A. Pechnikova, N. M. Chumakov, and E. A. Shcherbinina, Geological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 15 - Lakhanda Microbiota, Upper Riphean of Siberia: Paleoecology and Taphonomy
(V. N. Podkovyrov, Institute of Precambrian Geology and Geochronology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 16 - New Morphotypes from the Lakhanda Microbiota of the Upper Riphean of Siberia
(T. N. Hermann, Institute of Precambrian Geology and Geochronology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 17 - The Vendian Microfossil Assemblages of Eastern Siberia and their Biostratigraphic Potential
(E. Yu. Golubkova and E. G. Raevskaya, Institute of Precambrian Geology and Geochronology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, and others)

Index

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