By definition, biosphere is the Earth’s geological shell populated by living organisms. Therefore, the biosphere’s origin and evolution is primarily a geological problem. At present geological problems are solved using methods of physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics. The multidisciplinary approach is the basis of this book.
Life origin problems occupy the main part of the book. What is life, and can we understand its origin and evolution on the basis of laws of physics and chemistry? A number of works are dedicated to experimental study of the synthesis of organic compounds of the prebiotic significance, including ATP and photoactive systems. The characteristic feature of our scientific approach is to consider the problem of life origin in the context of the origin and evolution of the solar system, beginning with the protoplanetary stage and including the events of the Earth’s early history. The last chapter comprises papers that concern modern problems and approaches to the study of various aspects of biological evolution.
The present edition is a collection of articles by scientists representing more than 20 institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences and other organizations, joined by the science program “Problems of Biosphere Origin and Evolution”.
This book will be interesting for a wide range of researchers: physicists, chemists, biologists, mathematicians. The book represents the stance of the Russian scientific school on the problem of life origin, which does not always coincide with opinions of other scientific schools. (Imprint: Nova)