Problems of Biosphere Origin and Evolution. Volume 1

E. M. Galimov (Editor)
Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Series: Geology and Mineralogy Research Developments, Earth Sciences in the 21st Century
BISAC: SCI048000

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Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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By definition, biosphere is the Earth’s geological shell populated by living organisms. Therefore, the biosphere’s origin and evolution is primarily a geological problem. At present geological problems are solved using methods of physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics. The multidisciplinary approach is the basis of this book.

Life origin problems occupy the main part of the book. What is life, and can we understand its origin and evolution on the basis of laws of physics and chemistry? A number of works are dedicated to experimental study of the synthesis of organic compounds of the prebiotic significance, including ATP and photoactive systems. The characteristic feature of our scientific approach is to consider the problem of life origin in the context of the origin and evolution of the solar system, beginning with the protoplanetary stage and including the events of the Earth’s early history. The last chapter comprises papers that concern modern problems and approaches to the study of various aspects of biological evolution.

The present edition is a collection of articles by scientists representing more than 20 institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences and other organizations, joined by the science program “Problems of Biosphere Origin and Evolution”.

This book will be interesting for a wide range of researchers: physicists, chemists, biologists, mathematicians. The book represents the stance of the Russian scientific school on the problem of life origin, which does not always coincide with opinions of other scientific schools. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

SECTION 1. THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF THE PROBLEMS OF LIFE ORIGIN

Chapter 1 - Concept of Sustained Ordering and ATP-Related Mechanism of Life Origin
(E. M. Galimov, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 2 - Molecules and Life
(L. A. Gribov and V. I. Baranov, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 3 - Prebiotic Evolution of Macromolecules. World of Peptides
(S. D. Varfolomeev, O. V. Demina, A. A. Khodonov, A. V. Laptev, E. N. Nikolaev and A. S. Kononikhin, Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences. Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 4 - Computer Simulation of the Evolution of the Genetic Code
(V. A. Dementiev, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

SECTION 2. EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES. SYNTHESES OF ATP. PHOTOACTIVE SYSTEMS

Chapter 5 - Photochemistry of Coenzymes as A Field of Evolution Studies
(M. S. Kritsky, T. A. Telegina, T. A. Lyudnikova, M. P. Kolesnikov, Yu. L. Vechtomova, O. A. Dashina, and E. A. Sviridov, Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 6 - Computational Study of Possible Mechanisms of Adenine Synthesis
(I. V. Mikhura, V. A. Palulin, N. V. Bovin, and A. A. Formanovsky, Shemyakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, and others)

Chapter 7 - Insulation and Concentration of Adenosine Triphosphate under Prebiotic Conditions: Hypothesis and Experimental Data
(A. A. Chinarev, S. B. Tsygankova, I. V. Kubrakova, and N. V. Bovin, Shemyakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, and others)

Chapter 8 – Synthesis of Adenine under Pulsed Discharge in the Gas Phase
(V. M. Lupatov, V. P. Strizhov, and O. O. Naida, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences)

Chapter 9 - Peculiarities Associated with the Biogenic Formation of Mineral Phosphorous Compounds by Microorganisms at Different Stages of their Evolution
(I. S. Kulaev, T. V. Kulakovskaya, V. M. Vagabov, L. P. Lichko, N. A. Andreeva, L. V. Trilisenko, and L.P. Ryazanova, Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 10 - Role of Impact Processes in the Abiogenic Synthesis of Organic Compounds at the Early Stages of Earth Formation
(M. V. Gerasimov and E. N. Safonova, Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences)

Chapter 11 - Prebiotic Synthesis of Biologically Significant Compounds under the Action of Cosmic Energy Sources
(E. A. Kuzicheva, N. B. Gontareva, and M. B. Simakov, Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences)

Chapter 12 - Luminescence Detection and Study of Tightly Bound Stacking Aggregates of Nitrogen Bases of Nucleic Acids, Nucleosides, and Nucleotides in Water and on the Quartz Surface as Candidates for the First Genetic Templates
(V. L. Rapoport, V. M. Malkin, N. A. Bykov, and V. V. Goryuchko, Fock Research Institute of Physics,St. Petersburg State University, Russia)

Chapter 13 - Chemical Intermediates in the Photomodels of ATP Synthesis
(O. S. Nedelina, O. N. Brzhevskaya, E. N. Degtyarev, A. S. Zubkov, V. I. Artyukhov, and L. A. Chernozatonskii, Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 14 - Optical and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Natural Photosynthetic Pigments and Porphyrins: Role of Hydrogen Peroxide
(I. A. Nagovitsyn, G. K. Chudinova, V. V. Savranskii, G. V. Sin’ko, and G. G. Komissarov, Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, and others)

Chapter 15 - Mutual Transformations of Î2 and Í2Î2 upon Irradiation of Air-Saturated Suspensions Chlorophyll/Silica/Water
(A. V. Lobanov, Yu. A. Safina, O. V. Nevrova, and G. G. Komissarov, Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, and others)

Chapter 16 - Photocatalytic Properties of Porphyrins in Dependence on the Nature of the Central Metal Atom
(V. A. Ilatovskii, G. A. Ptitsyn, and G. G. Komissarov, Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

SECTION 3. FORMATION OF THE EARTH-MOON SYSTEM. PROCESSES IN THE PROTOPLANETARY CLOUD

Chapter 17 - Current Status of the Problem of the Origin of the Earth–Moon System
(E. M. Galimov, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences)

Chapter 18 - From the Protosolar Cloud to the Planetary System: A Model for the Evolution of the Gas-Dust Disk
(M. Ya. Marov, A. V. Kolesnichenko, A. B. Makalkin, V. A. Dorofeeva, I. N. Ziglina, and A. V. Chernov, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, and others)

Chapter 19 - Some Models for the Protoplanetary Disk of the Sun at the Initial Stage of its Evolution
(A.V. Zabrodin, E. A. Zabrodina, M. S. Legkostupov, K. V. Manukovskii, and L. A. Pliner, Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, and others)

Chapter 20 - Development of Algorithms for Computing the Collisional Dynamics of Gravitating Particles to Simulate the Formation of the Earth-Moon System through the Gravitational Collapse of a Dust Cloud
(A. A. Le-Zakharov and A. M. Krivtsov, Institute for Problems of Machine Science, Russian Academy of Sciences)

Index

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