Probiotics in Children

Marco Manfredi, MD, PhD and Gian Luigi de’Angelis (Editors)
Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, University Hospital, Parma, Italy

Series: Pediatrics – Laboratory and Clinical Research
BISAC: MED069000

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Probiotics, a word of Greek origin composed of “pro” (promoting) and “biotic “(life), have been defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) as “live microorganisms, which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host.” More than 500 different types of bacteria reside in the human digestive system.

In recent years, the study of intestinal microbiota and therefore the use of probiotics have been extensively studied in promoting health, as well as in treating several diseases and not solely regarding the gastrointestinal system. This book summarizes the more recent knowledge about intestinal microbiota, its pathological correlations and the use of probiotics in children for the maintenance, recovery, and strengthening of healthy strains at the expense of bad ones.
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Preface
pp. ix-x

Chapter 1
The Gut Microbiota and the Role of Probiotics in Children
(Linda V. Thomas, Yakult UK Limited, South Ruislip, Middx, UK)
pp. 1-30

Chapter 2
The Probiotic Use in Neonatology
(Valentina Fabiano, Francesca Penagini, Fabio Meneghin, Dario Dilillo, Giulia Ramponi, Giacomo Colella, Federico Scrignoli, Chiara Mameli and Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Departments of Pediatrics, University of Milan, Ospedale dei Bambini V. Buzzi, Milan, Italy, and others)
pp. 31-50

Chapter 3
The Use of Probiotics in Functional GI disorders
(Naire Sansotta and Stefano Guandalini, Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, Illinois, USA)
pp. 51-66

Chapter 4
Probiotics in Helicobacter Pylori Infection
(Giuseppina De Caro, Gian Luigi de'Angelis, Pierpacifico Gismondi, Valentina Maffini, Barbara Bizzarri and Marco Manfredi, Department of Pediatrics, “Pietro Barilla” Children's Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, University Hospital, Parma, Italy, and others)
pp. 67-78

Chapter 5
The Use of Probiotics in Acute Gastroenteritis
(Andreas Schwiertz and Christina Meyer, Institute of Microecology, Herborn, Germany)
pp. 79-88

Chapter 6
Probiotics and Inflammatory Bowel Disease
(Silvia Iuliano, Marco Manfredi, Pierpacifico Gismondi, Valentina Maffini, Fabiola Fornaroli and Gian Luigi de'Angelis, Department of Pediatrics, “Pietro Barilla” Children's Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, University Hospital, Parma, Italy, and others)
pp. 89-98

Chapter 7
Probiotics for Immunomodulation and Treatment of Immunological Disorders in Children: Evaluation in a Gnotobiotic Animal Model
(Sukumar Kandasamy, Anand Kumar, Gireesh Rajashekara, Anastasia Vlasova and Linda J. Saif, Food Animal Health Research Program, The Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Veterinary Preventive, Medicine Department, The Ohio State University, Wooster, Ohio, USA)
pp. 99-122

Chapter 8
Role of Probiotics in Pediatric Dermatoses
(Sumir Kumar, Nidhi Kamra and B.B. Mahajan, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India)
pp. 123-134

Chapter 9
Probiotics and Oral Health
(Eduardo Montero, Margarita Iniesta, Silvia Roldán and David Herrera, Section of Graduate Periodontology, Faculty of Odontology, University Complutense, Madrid, Spain, and others)
pp. 135-160

Chapter 10
Probiotics and Allergic Diseases
(Soo-Jong Hong, So Yeon Lee, Eun Lee and Song-I Yang, Department of Pediatrics, Childhood Asthma and Atopy Center, Environmental Health Center, Asian Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, and others)
pp. 161-182

Chapter 11
Expert Commentary: Probiotics and Respiratory Tract Infections
(Giulia Rossetti, Lara Abelli, Gian Luigi de'Angelis, Marco Manfredi, Valentina Maffini and Carlo Caffarelli, Department of Pediatrics, “Pietro Barilla” Children's Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, University Hospital, Parma, Italy, and others)
pp. 183-190

Chapter 12
Probiotic Use in Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
(Nazarii Kobyliak, Tetyana M. Falalyeyeva, Oleksandr V. Virchenko, Galyna P. Mykhalchyshyn, Petro M. Bodnar, Dmitro S. Yankovsky, Mykola Ya. Spivak, Tetyana V. Beregova and Lyudmyla I. Ostapchenko, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine, and others)
pp. 191-234

Chapter 13
Probiotics in Celiac Disease
(Giulia Paini, Marco Manfredi, Pierpacifico Gismondi, Filippo Boccellari, Barbara Bizzarri and Gian Luigi de'Angelis, Department of Pediatrics, “Pietro Barilla” Children's Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, University Hospital, Parma, Italy, and others)
pp. 235-244

Chapter 14
Safety of Probiotics
(Hania Szajewska, Department of Pediatrics, The Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland)
pp. 245-256

Chapter 15
Which Probiotics in Clinical Practice?
(Stephen Allen and Veronika Kramer, Department of Clinical Sciences, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK)
pp. 257-272

Chapter 16
Next Generation of Probiotic Bacteria: the Test Case of Bifidobacteria
(Sabrina Duranti, Francesca Turroni, Tiziana Meschi, Andrea Ticinesi, Antonio Nouvenne, Douwe van Sinderen and Marco Ventura, Laboratory of Probiogenomics, Department of Life Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy, and others)
pp. 273-286

Chapter 17
Implications for Probiotic Use in Healthy Children
(Christopher R. Villa and Elena M. Comelli, Department of Nutritional Sciences and Centre for Child Nutrition, Health and Development, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada)
pp. 287-308

Chapter 18
Fecal Microbiota Transplantation: Is it Time for Children?
(Faith D. Ihekweazu and Richard Kellermayer, Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Baylor College of Medicine, USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA)
pp. 309-326

Chapter 19
Short Communication: Can the Supplementation with Prebiotics Enhance Probiotic Action? The Symbiotics
(Giulia Paini, Gian Luigi de'Angelis, Pablo Cortegoso, Federica Gaiani, Pierpacifico Gismondi and Marco Manfredi, Department of Pediatrics, “Pietro Barilla” Children's Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, University Hospital, Parma, Italy)
pp. 327-334

Chapter 20
The Probiotic Use in Cancer Diseases
(Angelica Barone and Laura Leoni, Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, “Pietro Barilla” Children's Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, University Hospital, Parma, Italy, and others)
pp. 335-346

Editors' Contact Information
pp. 347

Index
pp. 349-352

Click here to read the book review by - Svetoslav Todorov, PhD, Federal University of Viҫosa, Viҫosa, MG, Brazil

This book is written for all pediatrician, pediatric gastroenterologists, nutritionists and general physicians.

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