Prevalence and correlates of non-communicable disease risk factors among Jordanian and Syrian adults in Jordan


Author: Karl Peltzer
Page Range: 95-103
Published in: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, Volume 22 Issue 2
ISSN: 2191-1231

Table of Contents


The study aimed to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of behavioural and biological non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors among adults in Jordan in 2019. National data were analysed from 5,713 adults (50.9% Jordanians and 49.1% Syrian) aged 18 to 69 years (mean 36.7) who participated in the cross-sectional “2019 Jordan STEPS survey.” The prevalence of inadequate fruit and vegetable intake was 86.4%, followed by dyslipidaemia (81.6%), central obesity (56.5%), current smoking (40.3%), low physical activity (30.4%), hypertension (25.5%), sedentary behaviour (23.5%) and diabetes (7.5%). In adjusted logistic regression analysis, male sex (AOR: 8.31, 95% CI: 6.20-11.15), and Jordanian (AOR: 2.15, 95% CI: 1.61-2.89) were positively associated and older age (60-69 years) (AOR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.22-0.67), higher education (≥12 years) (AOR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.43-0.93) and higher monthly household income (AOR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.48-1.00) were negatively associated with current smoking. Older age (60-69 years) (AOR: 0.50, 95% CI: 0.30-0.88), higher household income (AOR: 0.27, 95% CI: 0.17-0.45), and Jordanian (AOR: 0.61, 95% CI: 0.42-0.89) were inversely associated with insufficient fruit and vegetable intake. Older age (60-69 years) was positively associated with central obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipid-aemia. Male sex (AOR: 0.26, 95% CI: 0.19-0.36) was negatively associated with central obesity, and having three or four health risk behaviours (AOR: 2.07, 95% CI: 1.17-3.65) was positively associated with dyslipidaemia. A high prevalence and associated factors of behavioural and biological risk factors of NCD were identified that can assist in planning interventions.

Keywords: Non-communicable diseases, risk factors, Jordanians, Syrians, adults, Jordan

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