Poverty and Children: A Public Health Concern

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Alexis Lieberman (Editor)
Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Joav Merrick (Editor)
Kentucky Children’s Hospital, University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA

Series: Health and Human Development

Poverty, while not a disease process, is well-known to have far-reaching effects on the health of children and adolescents. In developing countries, poverty is associated with inadequate shelter, unsafe water and inadequate nutrition, leading to increased rates of infectious diseases, including malaria and diarreal illnesses, as well as increased rates of infant and maternal mortality.
Even in wealthy, industrialized countries, poverty negatively impacts on child health, starting life with increased rates of prematurity, low birth weight and maternal depression, and continuing into childhood with increased rates of asthma, dental caries, inadequate or inappropriate nutrition, as well as increased exposure to trauma and abuse, violence and crime. By the time these children become teen-aged patients in our clinic, they have increased rates of aggression, mental health problems and delinquent behaviors, as well as lower reading and math scores and increased rates of prematurely leaving their education.
In this book edited by two leading experts we have asked people from different parts of the world to focus on the comorbidities of poverty.

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Table of Contents

I. INTRODUCTION

Poverty as a public health concern
Alexis Lieberman and Joav Merrick

II. DISPARITY

Chapter 1: African American children and youth in poverty;pp. 5-24
(Curren W Warf, Leslie F Clark, Denise C Herz and Susan J Rabinovitz)

Chapter 2: Asthma care and outcome;pp. 25-31
(Gary A Emmett and Amy C. Rothkopf)

Chapter 3:
Behavioral determinants related to pediatric overweight;pp. 33-48
(Lenna Ontai, Lorrene D Ritchie, Shannon T Williams,Tara Young and Marilyn S Townsend)

Chapter 4: Anemia among adolescent females;pp. 49-57
(Brian R Torcato, Louise M Lisi, Susan W Robbins, Tilak R. Baba,
Edna C Garcia and Jessica M Robbins)

Chapter 5: Low literacy in low-income adolescents;pp. 59-67
(Alexis Lieberman, Jennifer Cromley, Lauren Charles, Oscar Rodriguez,
Maria G Lopez-Marti, Srikant Das and Diego Moguillansky)

Chapter 6: Adolescent risk taking;pp. 69-77
(Kathleen Boyce Rodgers and Jenifer K McGuire)

III. INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS

Chapter 7: War, poverty and hopelessness in Bosnia-Herzegovina;pp.
81-101
(Mevludin Hasanovic, Edin Haracic, Šemsa Ahmetspahic,
Sanja Kurtovic and Hajrudin Haracic)

Chapter 8: Low income households in India;pp. 103-112
(Arup Mitra and Yuko Tsujita)

Chapter 9: Intentional and unintentional injuries in urban South Africa;pp. 113-127
(Stephanie Burrows, Lu-Anne Swart and Lucie Laflamme)

Chapter 10: Poverty in Israel. Trends 1998-2005/6;pp. 129-138
(Efrat Merrick-Kenig, Mohammed Morad, Isack Kandel and Joav Merrick)

IV. WHAT CAN WE DO?

Chapter 11: What pediatricians can do to make a difference;pp. 141-153
(Mario Cruz and Daniel Taylor)

Chapter 12: Obesity prevention efforts in low-income children;pp.
155-175
(Marilyn S Townsend, Lenna Ontai, Tara Young, Lorrene D Ritchie and
Shannon T Williams)

V. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Chapter 13:
About the editors

Chapter 14:
About the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

VI. INDEX

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