Polymer-Matrix Composites: Types, Applications and Performance

Rakesh Kumar, PhD (Editor)
Department of Applied Chemistry, BIT Mesra, Patna Campus, India

Series: Polymer Science and Technology
BISAC: SCI097000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The agricultural sector is the main source of raw materials for biopolymers such as soy protein isolates (SPI), natural fibers, polylactic acid (PLA), polyhydroxybutyrates (PHBs), and many more. Over the years, the biopolymer sector has witnessed significant developments due to substantial investments that have been made in green technologies/processes. Apart from this, focus has also been given to improving the performance of the existing thermoplastic as well as thermoset polymers and synthetic fiber based composites. With the onset of green technology/process, agriculture has witnessed rapid transformation, which in turn has opened new avenues for the development of commonly available synthetic polymers, such as polyethylene from sugarcane.

In fact, facilitating the commercialization of innovative processes/technologies developed in the laboratories is the first step. The second step is to take the products fabricated in the first step to the next level, i.e. the market. Lastly, demonstrating these products in real-life conditions is necessary for terming it as marketable products. The truth is that the development of biopolymer or nanomaterial based polymer-matrix composites are progressing slowly. This book is written to address some of the types of polymer-matrix composites as well as the performance of these composites through 11 original and very interesting Chapters.

The use of biopolymer based composites has been greatly emphasized in Chapters 1 through 5 so as to reduce the carbon footprint. Chapters 6 through 9 are devoted to the performance of widely used thermoplastics, thermosets and conducting polymers. Lastly, the applications of natural fiber reinforced composites in automotive sectors as well as erosive wear performance are discussed in Chapters 9 through 11. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1 - Nanocomposites Based on Polylactic Acid (PLA) Reinforced by Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) (pp. 1-36)
Lucía Famá (LPMC, Department of Physics, Faculty of Ciencias Exactas y Naturales and IFIBA-CONICET, University of Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pab. 1, (C1428EHA), Buenos Aires, Argentina)

Chapter 2 - Recent Developments in Montmorillonite and Sepiolite Filled Regenerated Cellulose Nanocomposites: Characterizations and Properties (pp. 37-56)
Mohammad Soheilmoghaddam, Mat Uzir Wahit and Harintharavimal Balakrishnan (Enhanced Polymer Research Group (EnPRO), Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor, and Centre for Composites (CfC), Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor, Malaysia)

Chapter 3 - Recent Research into Natural Polysaccharide Based Nanocrystals: Preparation, Properties and Applications in Bionanocomposites Field (pp. 57-82)
Huafeng Tian, Dagang Liu and Aimin Xiang (School of Material and Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, and Department of Chemistry, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China)

Chapter 4 - Arylated and Nonarylated Soy Protein Isolate Based Nanocomposites (pp. 83-108)
Rakesh Kumar (Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Patna Campus, Patna, India)

Chapter 5 - Performances of Composites Based on Alfa Fiber (pp. 109-128)
Dalila Hammiche and Amar Boukerrou (Laboratoire des Matériaux Polymères Avancés, Département de Génie des Procédés, Université Abderrahmane MIRA, Route de Targa-Ouzemmour, Bejaia 06000, Algérie)

Chapter 6 - Injected Polymer-Matrix Nanocomposites: Morphology-Performance Relationship (pp. 129-166)
Valeria Pettarin (Polymer Science & Engineering, Institute of Materials Science and Technology, University of Mar del Plata ¬ CONICET, Mar del Plata, Argentina)

Chapter 7 - Evaluation of Elastic Modulus of Unidirectional Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composite Rebar by Alternative Method (pp. 167-190)
Moyeenuddin Ahmad Sawpan (Composite Materials Research, Pultron Composites Limited, Gisborne, New Zealand)

Chapter 8 - Conducting Polymer-Metal Oxide Nanocomposite and Their Property Towards Energy Storage: An Overview (pp. 191-214)
Bhavana Gupta, Ambrose A. Melvin, P. Revathi, T. Matthews, S. Dash, A. K. Tyagi and Rajiv Prakash (Surface and Nanoscience Division, Materials Science Group, Indra Gandhi Centre of Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu; Department of Chemistry, University of Pune, Ganeshkhind, Pune, and School of Materials Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India)

Chapter 9 - Behavior of Sulfur-Polymer Matrix Composites with Different Fillers under Acid and Salt Influence (pp. 215-240)
Milica M. Vlahović, Predrag B. Jovanić, Sanja P. Martinović and Tatjana D. Volkov Husović (Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials; University of Belgrade, Institute for Multidisciplinary Research, and University of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Belgrade, Serbia)

Chapter 10 - Long-Term Durability of Fibre-Reinforced Composites for Automotive Applications (pp. 241-268)
Valencia Jacobs (CSIR Materials Science and Manufacturing, Polymers & Composites Competence Area, P.O. Box 1124, Port Elizabeth, and Faculty of Science, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa)

Chapter 11 - Review on Erosive Wear Performance of Natural Fiber Reinforced Thermoset Polymer-Matrix Composites (pp. 269-288)
Sandeep Kumar (Centre for Polymer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, India)

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Index

The agricultural sector is the main source of raw materials for biopolymers such as soy protein isolates (SPI), natural fibers, polylactic acid (PLA), polyhydroxybutyrates (PHBs) and many more. Over the years, biopolymer sector has witnessed significant developments due to substantial investments that have been made in green technologies/processes. Apart from this, focus has also been given to improving the performance of the existing thermoplastic as well as thermoset polymers and synthetic fiber based composites. With the onset of green technology/process, agriculture has witnessed rapid transformation, which, in turn has opened new avenues for the development of commonly available synthetic polymers, such as polyethylene from sugarcane. The Institutes with a focus in the area of composites/biocomposites/nanocomposites will find this book very useful. The government sector whose main focus is to reduce the carbon foot print to counter environmental pollution will benefit from this book.

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