Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Sources, Exposure and Health Effects


Warren L. Gregoire (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013040

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are chemicals that occur naturally in coal, oil, and gasoline, and are also produced when wood, tobacco, and other materials are burned. Exposure to PAHs can lead to negative health consequences, so remediating their presence in the environment is significant. Chapter One uses machine learning and artificial intelligence to explain the behavior of PAHs in indoor and outdoor environments of a university building. Chapter Two discusses PAH exposure and associated effects in elasmobranchs. Chapter Three focuses on the potential effects of plants on the phytoremediation of agricultural soils and freshwater resources contaminated with PAHs. Chapter Four includes a case study of PAHs levels in samples from the fishery industry. Lastly, Chapter Five evaluates potential associations between biliary PAHs, biomorphometric indices and biliverdin applied as a feeding status proxy in mullet (Mugil liza) from a chronically contaminated estuary in Southeastern Brazil.

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Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Explaining the Environmental Fate of PAHs in Indoor and Outdoor Environments by the Use of Artificial Intelligence
(Svetlana Stanišić, Gordana Jovanović, Mirjana Perišić, Snježana Herceg Romanić, Tijana Milićević and Andreja Stojić – Singidunum University, Belgrade, Serbia, et al.)

Chapter 2. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Contamination in Sharks and Batoids (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii) and Ensuing Ecological Concerns
(Natascha Wosnick, Mariana F. Martins, Gabriela A. V. Moog and Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), PR, Brazil, et al.)

Chapter 3. Phytoremediation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: From Agricultural Soils to Freshwater Resources
(Taylan Kösesakal – Department of Botany, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey)

Chapter 4. Fisheries Contamination Following the NE Brazil Oil Spill: A Case Study of PAHs Levels in Samples from the Fishery Industry
(Renato S. Carreira, Carlos G. Massone, Wellington Guedes, Ivy de Souza, Leanderson Coimbra, Otoniel Santana, Renato Fortes, Lilian Almeida and Arthur L. Scofield – Pontíficia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Química, Laboratório de Estudos Marinhos e Ambientais, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil)

Chapter 5. Associations between Biliary Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Biomorphometric Indices and Biliverdin as a Feeding Status Proxy in Mullet (Mugil liza) from a Chronically Contaminated Estuary in Southeastern Brazil
(Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis, Roberta Lyrio Santos Neves, Danielle Lopes Mendonça and Roberta Lourenço Ziolli – Laboratório de Avaliação e Promoção da Saúde Ambiental, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, et al.)


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