Plant Ontogeny: Studies, Analyses and Evolutionary Implications


Diego Demarco (Editor)
Department of Botany, Institute of Biosciences, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil

Series: Plant Science Research and Practices
BISAC: SCI072000

This book delves into the many facets of the study of plant development and demonstrates the importance of ontogenetic studies in analyzing the structure, function, and evolution of glands, structures, and organs. The nine chapters that make up this book represent the state of the art of the scientific knowledge on the subject and bring unpublished contributions and important reviews of the most diverse developmental issues of plants compiled for the first time in a single book. Chapter 1 describes an unprecedented way secretory ducts form as the result of cavity coalescence in Malvaceae. Chapter 2 describes a case of homeoheterotopic alteration between nectaries and colleters in Passifloraceae and analyzes the evolution of leaf glands in the family.

Chapter 3 emphasizes the importance of anatomical, histochemical and ontogenetic studies in distinguishing colleters and nectaries in leaves of Sapium (Euphorbiaceae) and highlights the importance of ontogenetic studies for the observation of new colleters since many of them are deciduous. Chapter 4 reviews leaf development in vascular plants using traditional morphological and anatomical knowledge combined with the most recent data obtained in molecular studies. Chapter 5 reviews the morphogenesis and evolution of haustoria in mistletoes and evaluates the likely reasons that led to the change from root parasitism to aerial parasitism in Santalales.

Chapter 6 demonstrates the importance of the meristematic activity and bud formation for the structure of inflorescences in Acanthaceae, revealing the causes of their architectural diversity in genera such as Lepidagathis. Chapter 7 reveals the ontogenetic causes that resulted in varying degrees of flower reduction, separation of sexes, and their relationship with pollination in urticalean rosids. Chapter 8 uses the ontogenetic study of flowers to analyze the diversity of polyads in Leguminosae and their importance in the taxonomy of the family and the dispersal mode of pollen. Chapter 9 investigates the mode of formation of the pseudomonomerous gynoecia using Anacardiaceae as a model and discusses the evolution of this morphological reduction of gynoecium in other lineages of angiosperms.
(Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents



Chapter 1. Coalescent Cavities: A Novel Process of Secretory Duct Formation in Theobroma L. (Malvaceae)
(Tarcymara Barata Garcia, PhD, Ellenhise Ribeiro Costa, Tatiani Yuriko Souza Kikuchi, Ana Cristina Andrade de Aguiar-Dias, PhD, and Diego Demarco, PhD, Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Centro de Ciências, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 2. Evidence of Homeoheterotopy in Leaf Glands of Passifloraceae: From Extrafloral Nectaries to Colleters
(Márcia Gonçalves Dias, Rafael Felipe de Almeida, PhD, and Poliana Cardoso-Gustavson, PhD, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade de São Paulo, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 3. Anatomical Reevaluation and Novelties on the Leaf Marginal Tooth Glands in Sapium Glandulosum (L.) Morong. (Euphorbiaceae): The Importance of Distinguishing Colleters from Nectaries
(Renata Maria Strozi Alves Meira, PhD, José Danizete Brás Miranda and Ítalo Antônio Cotta Coutinho, PhD, Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 4. Leaf Development in Vascular Plants
(Gladys Flávia de Albuquerque Melo-de-Pinna, PhD, and Rafael Cruz, PhD, Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil)

Chapter 5. Morphogenesis and Evolution of Mistletoes’ Haustoria
(Luiza Teixeira-Costa, PhD, Gilberto Ocampo, PhD, and Gregório Ceccantini, PhD, Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 6. Inflorescence Architectures in Lepidagathis Willd. (Acanthaceae) as a Result of Differential Meristematic Activity
(Yasmin Vidal Hirao, Mariana Maciel Monteiro and Diego Demarco, PhD, Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil)

Chapter 7. Development Resolves the Uncommon Floral Construction of Urticalean Rosids
(Simone Pádua Teixeira, PhD, Giseli Donizete Pedersoli, PhD, Flávia Maria Leme, PhD, Viviane Gonçalves Leite, PhD, and João Paulo Basso-Alves, PhD, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 8. Ontogeny Reflects the Structural Diversity of Polyads in Legumes
(Liana Carneiro Capucho, PhD, and Simone Pádua Teixeira, PhD, Instituto Nacional da Mata Atlântica, Santa Teresa, ES, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 9. The Development of Pseudomonomerous Gynoecia: Anacardiaceae (Subfamily Anacardioideae) as a Case Study
(Elisabeth Dantas Tölke, PhD, and Diego Demarco, PhD, Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil)



“Dr. Diego Demarco has gathered in this book a large cast of researchers of recognized relevance in studies of plant morphogenesis. This book addresses different plant structures with an emphasis on ontogenetic processes. The various chapters cover topics ranging from case studies to texts with revisionary emphasis and allow us to realize the relevance of ontogeny for the understanding of plant structures or organs. The focus on the processes of development and morphogenesis gives the different chapters the proper interrelationship, which makes this work a reference in these aspects so little explored in the textbooks. Therefore, this book deserves attention not only for the peculiarity of its focus on morphogenesis but also for its potential as an educational resource, being relevant to both scientists and students.” – Dr. Élder Antônio Sousa Paiva, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil

“This book is a very important contribution to plant morphology: original studies on ontogeny of flowers and secretory structures, on development of leaves and of specialized organs of parasitic plants, and on the diversity and development of arrangements of inflorescences, provided by prominent researchers, bringing new light to our knowledge of the structure, biology and evolution of several groups of vascular plants. The high quality of the book contents reinforces the persisting relevance of accurate anatomical analysis to botany.” – Dr. José Rubens Pirani, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil

“Our increased understanding of the phylogenetic relationships of plants makes it possible to revisit the organismic world in all its beautiful details. This contribution is an excellent illustration of the importance of combining anatomical and developmental studies, as it is clear that we know so little about the structure of plants. The book is a welcome addition to our understanding of developmental processes in the morphology of plants. Although the writing of “Plant Ontogeny” appears as an almost entirely Brazilian enterprise, it highlights a welcome Renaissance in morphological studies that appears to take the lead mainly outside Europe.” – Dr. Louis P. Ronse De Craene – Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, UK

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