Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms: Microbial Resources for Enhanced Agricultural Productivity

Niranjan S. Raj (Editor)
Department of Studies in Microbiology, Karnataka State Open University, Mukthagangothri, Mysuru, India

A. C. Udayashankar (Editor)
Department of Studies in Biotechnology, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore, India

Series: Microbiology Research Advances
BISAC: SCI045000

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Plant growth promoting microorganisms (PGPM) have gained acceptance and importance due to their dual benefits of promoting plant growth in addition to managing plant pests and diseases and are extensively used as microbial inoculants in improving agricultural productivity. Use of PGPM mixtures and their integration with other means, like host resistance and chemicals, has proven to be more useful in management of several disease problems. Successful greenhouse and field demonstrations have been done using PGPM for growth promotion and resistance induction in various crops, against a broad spectrum of pathogens. Practical use of PGPM-based products has advanced and many formulations are made available in commercial scale, and more are currently under development.

Further, novel formulation technologies have been formulated. Microorganisms constitute the major players in the rhizosphere and their composition and biomass significantly alters the plants response to the environment. Composition and interaction of rhizomicroflora with its surroundings highly influences plant health and productivity. Such beneficial rhizo-ecosystems engineering and manipulation of the rhizosphere to exploit or enhance this innate genetic potential, which will most probably play a key role in the future development of sustainable agricultural processes, is also reviewed. In recent years, a substantial amount of work has been done in the area of PGPM and voluminous literature is available. This book presents a methodical, comprehensive and latest research survey in this area.

An overview of the scale and impact of PGPM in plant growth promotion and management of crop diseases, focusing attention on details most relevant to the development and application of biological control strategies involving various microbial strains is discussed. Problems and prospects of commercialization, advantages and disadvantages of their use andtheir potential for integrated pest management are also outlined. Most of the available books either refer to the subject of plant growth promoting fungi or plant growth promoting bacteria, however, this comprehensive book includes research pertaining to all beneficial microorganisms that are plant growth promoting in nature. Moreover, this is a rapidly developing field of research and has global impact. Therefore, keeping in pace with the latest developments in this area is totally necessary, and this book will be a latest and up-to-date compilation of the research from different parts of the world.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. The Role of Microbial-Ecological Services in Plant and Agricultural Crop Production
(Ernest R. Mbega, PhD, Department of Sustainable Agriculture and Biodiversity Ecosystem Management, School of Life Sciences and Bio-engineering, The Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, Arusha, Tanzania)

Chapter 2. Engineering a Rhizosphere with Beneficial Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture: What Now? What Next?
(Deepak Shantharaj, Shekar Shetty and Niranjan Raj, Department of Biological Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, US, and others)

Chapter 3. Legume-Rhizobium symbiosis: Partially Explored and Exploited Interaction
(Lalit Mahatma, Mrugesh D. Khunt, Rupal P. Patel and Mahesh Kumar Mahatma, Department of Plant Pathology, N. M. College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, Gujarat, India, and others)

Chapter 4. Trichoderma Species as Foe and Friend of Plant
(Dhaval Patel, Dhaval Acharya, Sudeshna Menon and Dweipayan Goswami, Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, St. Xavier’s College [Autonomous], Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, and others)

Chapter 5. An Overview on Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria (PSBS) and Factors Affecting Their Performance
(Krishna L Bharwad and Shalini Rajkumar, Institute of Science, Nirma University, Sarkhej- Gandhinagar highway, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, and others)

Chapter 6. The Role of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) for Improvement of Sustainable Agriculture
(Govind Gupta, Himani Chaturvedi, Sunil Kumar Snehi and Anil Prakash, Department of Microbiology, Barkatullah University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India)

Chapter 7. The Use and Influence of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms in Plantation Crops and Their Productivity
(J. Chethan, Patil Somashekhargouda and A. C. Udayashankar, Division of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Central Coffee Research Institute, Coffee Research Station, Chikmagalur District, Karnataka, India, and others)

Chapter 8. Trichoderma as a Biocontrol Agent: Mechanism and Sustainable Management of Phytopathogens
(K. Narasimha Murthy, K. Soumya and S. R. Niranjana, Department of Studies in Biotechnology, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore, Karnataka, India, and others)

Chapter 9. Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria: Microbial Resources for Agricultural Productivity
(S. Niranjan-Raj, S. N. Lavanya, A. C. Udayashankar and M. Umashankara, Faculty of Sciences, Karnataka State Open University, Mukthagangotri, Mysuru, India, and others)

Chapter 10. The Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) in Plant Growth Promotion
(Vankayalapati Vijaya Kumar, Core Green Sugar and Fuels Private Limited, Tumkur Village, Shahapur Taluk, Yadgir, Karnataka, India)

Chapter 11. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi: Functions and Their Microclimate Interactions
(J.S. Chandrashekar, H.M. Swaroop Kumar and R. Pavan, Department of Environmental Science, Karnataka State Open University, Mukthagangothri, Mysore, India, and others)

Chapter 12. Integrated Disease Management: An Upgrade to the Use of Biofertilizers
(Dhaval Patel, Dhaval Acharya, Sudeshna Menon and Dweipayan Goswami, Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, St. Xavier’s College (Autonomous), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, and others)

Chapter 13. The Role of Endophytes in Plant Growth Promotion and Disease Control
(K. Soumya, K. Narasimha Murthy, C. Srinivas, S. R. Niranjana and A. C. Udayashankar, Field Marshal K M Cariappa College, a Constituent College of Mangalore University, Madikeri, Karnataka, India, and others)

Chapter 14. Plant Growth Promoting Microbial Enzymes
(Noor Mohamed Jameel, T.R. Lakshmeesha, Niranjan Raj and A.C. Udayashankar, Department of Studies in Biochemistry, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore, India)

Chapter 15. Former Research with Beneficial Soil Microorganisms for an Agro-Ecological and Sustainable Crop Production: Bolivian Case
(P. Javier Franco, Gladys Main, Evelin Urquieta and Oscar Diaz, Consultante, Los Cerezos, Surco, Lima, Peru)

Chapter 16. Eccentricity in the Behavior of Pencillium spp. as a Phytopathogen and Phytoaugmentor
(Dhaval Patel, Prasad Andhare, Sudeshna Menon, Sebastian Vadakan and Dweipayan Goswami, Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, St. Xavier’s College [Autonomous], Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, and others)

Index

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