Phytochemicals: Plant Sources and Potential Health Benefits

Iman Ryan (Editor)

Series: Plant Science Research and Practices
BISAC: SCI007000

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$230.00

Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The opening chapter of Phytochemicals: Plant Sources and Potential Health Benefits discusses macronutrients and micronutrients from plants along with their benefits to human health.

An overview of the mechanisms of action underlying the potential roles of dietary soybean isoflavones including daidzein, genistein, and equol that may have benefits in dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease, blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, and osteoporosis is discussed in the nextchapter.

In one study, the authors seek to scientifically validate the hypoglycaemic effects of crude aqueous extracts from Vitex payos fruits on both normal and alloxan-induced diabetic rats.

Additionally, the authors discuss the literature results obtained in the identification and quantification of rosmarinic acid and its derivatives in Lamiaceae family plants, as well as explore recent advances in the nanoencapsulation of rosmarinic acid.

This compilation goes on to report several aspects of the chemical composition and biological activity of species of Smilax found in Brazil.
Smilax fluminensis is a dioecious liana with a great capacity for shoot formation in soil and primary branch formation in subsoil. As such, phytochemical studies on this plant are reviewed.

Phytochemical aspects and biological activities of the species S. brasiliensis are also examined.

To continue the discussion, the authors investigate the allelopathic, cytotoxic, genotoxic and larvicidal potential of methanol and petroleum ether extracts from S. brasiliensis leaves, as well as the effects of their fatty acids and methyl esters.

Furthermore, the authors synthesize phytochemical aspects and biological activity of Tecoma stans (L.) species.

In the penultimate chapter, the authors discuss P. venusta, and the way in which compounds obtained from this plant can be used as functional foods, drugs or precursors for the semi-synthesis of drugs.

The objective of the concluding chapter is to present the ethnopharmacological, biological activities and phytochemical aspects of the Limoniastrum feei species growing in the Algerian Sahara. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface
Chapter 1. Essential Mineral Elements: Macronutrients and Micronutrients from Herbs in Human Health
(Corina Danciu, Diana Antal, Stefana Avram, Valentina Buda, Ioana Zinuca Pavel, Daliana Minda, Florina Ardelean, Mirela Nicolov, and Cristina Dehelean, Department of Pharmacognosy, “Victor Babeş“ University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, România, and others)

Chapter 2. Dietary Soybean Isoflavones in Lifestyle-Related Disease Prevention
(Kazuo Yamagata, Department of Food Bioscience & Biotechnology, College of Bioresource Science, Nihon University (NUBS), Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan)

Chapter 3. The Effect of Crude Extracts of the Nutraceutical Fruits of Vitex payos on Hyperglycaemia in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats
(Lynette Maraura, Tafadzwa Taderera, Loveness Kuziwa Nyanga, and Cathrine Chidewe, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe, and others)

Chapter 4. Rosmarinic Acid: Sources, Bioactivities and Health Benefits
(Carlos Martins-Gomes, Fernando M. Nunes, PhD, Ana Sampaio, PhD, Eliana B. Souto, PhD, and Amélia M. Silva, PhD, Department of Biology and Environment (DeBA-ECVA) & Centre for Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB-UTAD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 5. Brazilian Smilax Species as Promising Sources of Bioactive Compounds
(Paula Avelar Amado, Thaís Paula Rodrigues Gonçalves, Iara Cotta Mendes, Ana Hortência Fonsêca Castro, and Luciana Alves Rodrigues dos Santos Lima, Campus Centro-Oeste Dona Lindu, Federal University of São João Del Rei, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil)

Chapter 6. First Phytochemical Studies and Biological Activities of Smilax fluminensis Steud
(Juliana Costa Fonseca, Izabela Caputo Assis Silva, Jéssica Elvira Siqueira Medeiros, Ana Hortência Fonsêca Castro, and Luciana Alves Rodrigues dos Santos Lima, Campus Centro-Oeste Dona Lindu, Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil)

Chapter 7. Phytochemical Aspects and Biological Properties of Smilax brasiliensis Sprengel
(Izabela Caputo Assis Silva, Juliana Costa Fonseca, Jéssica Elvira Siqueira Medeiros, Paula Avelar Amado, Ana Hortência Fônseca Castro, and Luciana Alves Rodrigues dos Santos Lima, Campus Centro-Oeste Dona Lindu, Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil)

Chapter 8. Allelopathic, Cytotoxic, Genotoxic and Larvicidal Effects of Smilax brasiliensis Sprengel Leaves
(Paula Avelar Amado, Ana Hortência Fonsêca Castro, Vanessa Cristina Stein, Stênio Nunes Alves, and Luciana Alves Rodrigues dos Santos Lima, Campus Centro-Oeste Dona Lindu, Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil)

Chapter 9. Biological Potential of the Species Tecoma stans (L.) Kunth (Bignoniaceae)
(Thaís Paula Rodrigues Gonçalves, Paula Avelar Amado, Iara Cotta Mendes, Adriano Guimarães Parreira, and Luciana Alves Rodrigues dos Santos Lima, Campus Centro-Oeste Dona Lindu, Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil)

Chapter 10. Biological Potential of Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers (Bignoniaceae): A Review
(Mairon César Coimbra, Ana Hortência Fonsêca Castro, and Luciana Alves Rodrigues dos Santos Lima, Campus Centro-Oeste Dona Lindu, Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil)

Chapter 11. Limoniastrum feei from Algerian Sahara: Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry and the Pharmacological Importance
(Abdelkrim Cheriti, Phytochemistry and Organic Synthesis Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, UTMB, Algeria)

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