Physical, Chemical and Biological Treatment Processes for Water and Wastewater


Tushar Kanti Sen (Editor)
Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Western Australia, Australia

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology
BISAC: TEC010030

Water pollution occurs when toxic pollutants of varying kinds (organic, inorganic, radioactive and so on) are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove such potential pollutants. Today’s sources of these potential pollutants, which cause high deterioration of freshwater quality, are city sewage and industrial waste discharge, human agricultural practices, industrial waste disposal practices, mining activities, civil and structural work activities and obviously natural contamination with climate change. When our water is polluted, it is not only devastating to the environment but also to human health.

Therefore, development of water and wastewater treatment processes to alleviate water pollution has been a challenging and demanding task for engineers, scientists and researchers. Perhaps this is even more challenging for underdeveloped and developing countries, where water and wastewater treatment facilities, knowledge and infrastructure are limited. Water and wastewater treatment processes are broad and often multidisciplinary in nature, comprising a mixture of research areas including physical, chemical and biological methods to remove or transform various potential pollutants.

This is in hopes to achieve acceptable water quality and satisfy governmental and environmental protection agencies’ laws and regulations. With these objectives, this book has been written in order to provide various research results and compilation and up-to-date development on the current states of knowledge and techniques in the broad field of water and wastewater treatment processes. Basically, this book will give a comprehensive understanding and advancement and application of various physical, chemical and biological treatment methods in the reduction of potential pollutants (inorganics/organics) from water and wastewater.

There are a total 18 book chapters contributed by large number of expert authors around the world, covering the following main research areas:
•Physical, chemical and biological water treatment processes such as adsorption, biosorption, coagulation/flocculation, electrocoagulation, denitration, membrane filtration/separation, photo-catalytic reduction, advanced oxidation, nutrients removal by struvite crystallization and nanotechnology
•Physical, chemical and biological methods for municipal wastewater and industrial wastewater treatment plants such as primary-secondary sludge treatments, anaerobic digestions, aerobic treatment, activated sludge processes, dewaterability by flocculants, pre-treatments of sludge and rheology of sludge in wastewater treatment
•Various operational units/equipment and process control of wastewater treatment plant

(Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Reviewer’s List

Chapter 1
Occurrence and Removal of Trace Organic Compounds in Developing Countries during Wastewater Treatment
(Matteo D’Alessio and Chittaranjan Ray, Nebraska Water Center, University of Nebraska–Lincoln, NE, USA)

Chapter 2
Electrocoagulation as a Process for the Treatment of High Organics Bearing Industrial Wastewater
(Ravi Shankar, Prasenjit Mondal and Shri Chand, Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, India)

Chapter 3
The Removal of Heavy Metals from an Acidic Wastewater in Treatment Wetlands Filled with Recycled Materials
(Guangzhi Sun, Cameron Wycherley and Yong Sun, School of Engineering, Edith Cowan University, Australia, and others)

Chapter 4
Chromium (VI) Pollution in Hydrosphere: Its Impact on Human Beings and Remediation by Adsorption
(Shalini Srivastava, S. B. Agrawal and M. K. Mondal, Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, and others)

Chapter 5
Solar Photocatalytic Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium in Wastewater Using Zinc Oxide Semiconductor Catalyst: A Comparison of Performances Between Micro and Nanoparticles
(Sampa Chakrabarti, Prantik Banerjee and Pallavi Mitra, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India, and others)

Chapter 6
Biosorption of Heavy Metals and Nutrients: A Green Approach for Clean-Up of Contaminated Water
(Zainab Z. Ismail and Hussein Znad, Department of Environmental Engineering, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq, and others)

Chapter 7
Denitration of Drinking Water and Nitrate-Containing Effluents
(D. Mandal, Chemical Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, India)

Chapter 8
Development of Inorganic Waste Oyster-Shell-Glass based Adsorbent for the Removal of Congo-Red (CR) Dye from its Aqueous Solution
(Sahithi Duthala, Tushar Kanti Sen, Hiroshi Nishioka and Mikio Ouchi, Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University,
Bentley, WA, Australia, and others)

Chapter 9
Preparation of Porous Inorganic Hollow Fibre Membranes by a Combined Phase-Inversion and Sintering Method for Wastewater Treatment
(Shaomin Liu, Xiuxia Meng, Lihong Liu and Xiaoyao Tan, Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia, and others)

Chapter 10
Optimized Design of Wastewater Stream Treatment Processes by Membrane Technologies
(Marco Stoller, Javier Miguel Ochando Pulido and Olga Sacco, Department of Chemical Engineering, ‘La Sapienza’ University of Rome, Rome, Italy, and others)

Chapter 11
Monitoring the Combined Treatment of Landfill Leachate with Domestic Wastewater Using a Respirometric Method
(Melike Yalili Kilic and Kadir Kestioglu, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Uludag University, Nilufer, Bursa, Turkey)

Chapter 12
The Role of Sludge Pretreatment on the Enhancement of Anaerobic Digester Performance in Wastewater Treatment Plants
(Anteneh Mesfin Yeneneh, Tushar Kanti Sen, Ha Ming Ang and Ahmet Kayaalp, Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, Australia, and others)

Chapter 13
Compact Bioreactor Treatment System for Malaysian Municipal Sewage
(Shamsul Rahman Mohamed Kutty, Nasiru Aminu and Mohamed Hasnain Isa, Department of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri-Iskandar, Parek, Malaysia)

Chapter 14
Struvite Crystallization from Nutrients Rich Domestic and Industrial Wastewater
(Eko Ariyanto, Ha Ming Ang and Tushar Kanti Sen, Depertement of Chemical Engineering, Muhammadiyah University of Palembang, Jln. A. Yani 13 Ulu Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia, and others)

Chapter 15
Conditioning Aids and Their Applications for Sludge Dewatering
(Shiew Wei Lau, Tushar Kanti Sen, Han Bing Chua and Ha Ming Ang, Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia, and others)

Chapter 16
Electricity Generation from Sewage Sludge and its Stabilization in Microbial Fuel Cell
(Qingliang Zhao, Junqiu Jiang and Hang Yu, School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China)

Chapter 17
Ground Space Saving Technology in Wastewater Treatment Including Instrumentation and Control Aspects
(A. Sirkar and P. K. Sarkar, Haldia Institute of Technology, Haldia, West Bengal, Pin, India, and others)

Chapter 18
Optimization of Anaerobic Digester Performance Using Adaptive Fuzzy Logic Inference System (ANFIS): A Case Study
(Anteneh Mesfin Yeneneh, Tushar Kanti Sen, Ha Ming Ang and Ahmet Kayaalp, Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia, and others)

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