Physical Activity Effects on the Anthropological Status of Children, Youth and Adults

Fadilj Eminović, Ph.D. and Milivoj Dopsa, Ph.D. (Editors)
Faculty for Special Education and Rehabilitation, University of Belgrade, Serbia

Series: Physical Fitness, Diet and Exercise
BISAC: HEA007000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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In the last decade, a dramatic increase in overweight individuals and obesity has been reported in both developed and underdeveloped countries. Noncommunicable diseases, as well as type 2 diabetes and obesity are one of the most common causes of long-term disability, especially cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is still the leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Accumulating evidence over the last 50 years indicates that exercise may postpone or counteract, at least partially, the debilitating consequences of CVD and prevent complications provoked by the inactive state.

Today, we can conclude that lack of physical activity or lack of a physically active lifestyle is clearly an overall high health risk.
Societal indicators of reductions in human energy expenditure and increases in sedentary behavior during the past several decades are particularly striking. By the year 2000, the human race reached a sort of historical landmark; for the first time in human evolution, the number of adults with excess weight surpassed the number of those who were underweight. Excess adiposity/body weight is now widely recognized as one of today’s leading health threats. Although obesity during childhood is indicated as a complex disorder, the prevalence of overweight and obese children is continually growing globally. This has become a concern to public health, as overweight and obesity during childhood tracks into adulthood and is associated with short- and long-term adverse health outcomes.

A number of research articles in this monograph provide interesting and innovating practical suggestions, applications, and directions for some future research. The researched phenomena include: the first physical movements of life recognized as fetal movements and a mother’s physiological states; potential differences in cardiovascular fitness between schoolchildren from urban and rural areas, with respect to their age and gender; evidence for the 5-year regular sport exercise effect of on muscle contractile properties in children; trend changes of physical abilities of school children; the effects of linear and change-of-direction speed training methods on the sprint performance of young adults; the relationship between sports experience and performance scores on a health-related physical fitness test among female university freshmen; the application of sports activities that improve the level of upper extremity motor abilities in people with spinal cord injuries; theoretical frameworks supporting learning-inclusive environment details; basic approaches for the inclusion of people with disabilities in community recreation programs; the relation between health and fitness characteristics by Special Olympic athletes competing as cross-country skiers; the relations between physical activity and/or physical exercise and body composition characteristics in the working-age population of both genders; evidence- based information about the effects of sedentary behavior on physiological function in humans; new facts resulting from numerous clinical and epidemiological studies about the effects of physical activity, and reducing the risk of breast and prostate cancer; and information about the connection between physical activity and cognition across the human life span. Finally, the last chapter examines the opinion of the elderly about the impact of physical activity in some segments concerning the quality of life of people living in the Third Age.
(Imprint: Nova)


Chapter 1. The First Physical Movements of Life: Fetal Movements, the Mother's Psychological States and Wellbeing of Future Child
Carlo Lai, Gaia Romana Pellicano, Navkiran Kalsi, Giuseppe Massaro, Clelia Giulia Turetta, Daniela Altavilla (Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Sapienza, University of Rome, Italy)

Chapter 2. Potential Urban–Rural Differences in Cardiorespiratory Fitness and BMI in Serbian Schoolchildren
Ivana Milanoviæ, Olivera M. Knezevic, Miloš M. Markoviæ, Slaðana R. Rakiæ, Snežana Radisavljeviæ Janiæ, Dragan M. Mirkov (University of Belgrade, Faculty of sport and Physical Education, Belgrade, Serbia)

Chapter 3. The Effect of Regular Sport Exercise on Muscle Contractile Properties in Children
Tadeja Volmut, Rado Pišot and Boštjan Šimuniè (University of Primorska, Science and Research Centre, Koper, Slovenia)

Chapter 4. Trend Changes in Physical Fitness in Children of Elementary School Age ­ Transversal Model
Jelena Ivanoviæ and Aco Gajeviæ (Serbian Institute for Sport and Sports Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia)

Chapter 5. The Effects of Linear and Change-of-Direction Speed Training on the Sprint Performance of Young Adults
Robert Lockie (California State University, Department of Kinesiology, Northridge, CA, USA)

Chapter 6. Relationship Between Physical Fitness Characteristics and Sports Experience in Childhood and Adolescence Among Japanese Female University Students
Itaru Enomoto (Kamakura Women’s University, Kanagawa, Japan)

Chapter 7. Effects of Applied Physical Exercise on the Motor Abilities of People with Spinal Cord Injury
Fadilj Eminoviæ and Dragana Kljajiæ (Faculty for Special Education and Rehabilitation, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 8. Designing Universal and Adapted Learning Environments for Inclusive Physical Education and Sport Practice
Yeshayahu Hutzler (Academic College at Wingate Institute, Netanya Israel and the Israel Sport Center for the Disabled, Ramat-Gan, Israel)

Chapter 9. Recreational Activities in Integrated Settings for People with Disabilities
Keith Storey (Graduate School of Education, Touro University, Vallejo, CA, USA)

Chapter 10. Effect of Special Olympics Program on Cross-Country Skiers: Aspects of Health Related Variables
Hana Válková (Faculty of Sport Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic)

Chapter 11. Effects of Different Physical Exercise Levels on the Body Structure in Adults of Both Gender
Milivoj Dopsaj, Marina Ðorðeviæ-Nikiæ and Miloš Maksimoviæ (University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Belgrade, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 12. The Effects of Sedentary Behavior on Physiological Function
Bryan P. McCormick (School of Public Health-Bloomington, Indiana University, USA)

Chapter 13. The Role of Exercise in Preventing and Treating HIV Infection and Cancer
Nevena Veljkoviæ, Sanja Glisiæ, Branislava Gemoviæ and Veljko Veljkoviæ (Center for Multidisciplinary Research, University of Belgrade, Institute of Nuclear Sciences VINCA, Serbia)

Chapter 14. Physical Activity and Cognition Across the Life Span
Dragan Pavloviæ (Faculty for special education and rehabilitation, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 15. Physical Activity and Quality of Life of Older Adults
Evdokia Samouilidu, Sanela Paciæ, Radmila Nikiæ and Fadilj Eminoviæ (Ministry of Education and Culture, Athens, Greece, and others)

Editors' Contact Information


"In the book Physical Activity Effects on the Anthropological Status of Children, Youth and Adults, by Eminović Fadilj and Dopsaj Milivoj, the importance of body exercise in our life is stressed in a scientific way. All the authors are scientists that use the biomedical statistics in research to understand better the influence of physical activity in a wide range of social groups. The place of origin of the authors give a huge university to the contents of the book." READ MORE... - Professor Calogero Foti, MD, Tor Vergata University, Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Rome, Italy

This book is written for following experts: medical doctors, anthropologist, nutricionist, profesors of physical education, experts in sports medicine field, special educators

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