Photosynthesis: Functional Genomics, Physiological Processes and Environmental Issues


Series: Plant Science Research and Practices
BISAC: SCI011000

Photosynthesis is a well-regulated process utilizing solar energy for storage as chemical energy to meet the plant’s metabolic needs. It is the key phenomenon that augments plant growth and development under all conditions and is considered as the ultimate source of life for all plant and human life. Although the basic processes of photosynthesis and their importance to the agricultural system for food security have been recognized about two centuries ago, there is an increasing need for intense research considering the population explosion. As the demand for food is expected to increase twofold by 2030, the efforts by plant scientists are necessary to improve the yield of food crops for sustainable development.

The improvements in yield of crops can be attained by the protection of photosynthetic apparatus in the current changing environment, where degradation of soil, air and water quality has posed challenges to photosynthetic potential of plants. It has been estimated that the increasing salinization of land will result in the loss of 50% cultivated land by 2050. The situation will further aggravate with the contamination of soil and water by heavy metals. The concentration of CO2 is expected to rise to as much as 500-1000 ppm by 2100 which can lead to increases in global mean temperature by approximately 1°C to 3°C above the present value by 2025 and 2100, respectively. Photosynthesis is one the first processes inhibited under the changing environment leading to reduction of growth and productivity of plants.

(Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 – Photosynthesis: Molecular Regulation through Biotic and Abiotic Factors (pp. 1-22)
Saumya Srivastava and Yogesh Kumar Sharma (Plant Physiology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India)

Chapter 2 – Elevated Root-Zone CO2 on Photosynthesis of Vegetable Crops at Different Air and Root-Zone Temperatures (pp. 23-56)
Jie He (National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore)

Chapter 3 – Chlorophyll A Fluorescence, Photosynthesis Activity and Chlorophyll Content in Senescing Leaves (pp. 57-72)
Marina Cavaiuolo, Roberta Bulgari, Giacomo Cocetta and Antonio Ferrante (Department Agricultural and Environmental Sciences – Production, Landscape, Agroenergy, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy)

Chapter 4 – Carbon Isotope Heterogeneity in Photosynthesizing Biomass and Perspectives of Its Application in Biological Studies (pp. 73-104)
Alexander A. Ivlev (Russian State Agrarian University – “MSKHA of K. A.Timirjazev,” Moscow, Russian Federation)

Chapter 5 – Photosynthesis and Photoinhibition in Aquatic Plants with Different Carbon Uptake Physiology (pp. 105-120)
Søren Laurentius Nielsen (Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change, Roskilde University)

Chapter 6 – Stomatal and Photosynthetic Responses to Flooding (pp. 121-130)
Mohammad Mobin, Mohammad Nasir Khan and Zahid bin Khorshid Abdukhaliq Nourabbas (Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia)

Chapter 7 – Photosynthesis in Changing Environment: Analyzing the Role of Phytohormones in Modulation (pp. 131-168)
M. Iqbal R. Khan, Nafees A. Khan, Mohd. Asgher, Mehar Fatma, Shabina Syeed, Asim Masood, Tasir S. Per and Wasim Kaiser (Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India)

Chapter 8 – Photosynthetic Inhibition under Salinity Challenged Environment: An Insight into Regulation of Rubisco (pp. 169-186)
Noushina Iqbal, Nafees A. Khan and Shahid Umar (Department of Botany, Jamia Humdard University, New Delhi, and Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India)

Chapter 9 – Oxidative Stress Management Through Sugar Signaling and Antioxidant Network in Plants (pp. 169-212)
Resham Sharma, Renu Bhardwaj, Dhriti Kapoor, Sonia, Amandeep Rattan, Vinod Kumar, Anket Sharma, A.K. Thukral, Satwinderjeet Kaur and Nitika Arora (Department of Botanical & Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, and Hans Raj Mahila Maha Vidyalaya, Jalandhar, Punjab, India)

Chapter 10 – The Effect of Silicon on Plant Photosynthesis during Pathogens Infection (pp. 213-232)
Fabrício de Ávila Rodrigues, Wilka Messner da Silva Bispo and Carlos Eduardo Aucique-Pérez (Viçosa Federal University, Department of Plant Pathology, Laboratory of Host-Pathogen Interaction, Viçosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil)

Chapter 11 – Natural Products and Their Synthetic Analogues As New Active Principles Targeting the Photosynthetic Machinery (pp. 233-258)
Róbson Ricardo Teixeira, Angélica Faleiros da Silva Maia, Wagner Luiz Pereira, Ângela Maria Almeida Lima and Giuseppe Forlani (Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil and others)

Chapter 12 – Photosynthesis in Humans (pp. 259-282)
Arturo Solís Herrera, María del Carmen Arias Esparza and Martha Patricia Solís Arias
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