Pervaporation: Process, Materials and Applications

Jean Garcia (Editor)

Series: Analytical Chemistry and Microchemistry
BISAC: SCI013010

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Pervaporation is a separation process in which the selective permeation of components of a liquid mixture is achieved by way of a chemical potential gradient through a non-porous membrane. In Pervaporation: Process, Materials and Applications, the fundamentals and applications of pervaporation are described as a promising technique for the recovery of flavor compounds from dilute aqueous solutions, separation of azeotropic mixtures and for the dehydration of organic solvents.

This collection also describes history of pervaporation in an effort to outline the differences between this and other membrane separation technologies including dialysis, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, nanofiltration and reverse osmosis.

The closing chapter focuses on the authors’ on-going development of high performance bio-based cellulosic membranes for ethyl tert-butyl ether purification by pervaporation. Cellulose acetate is extremely selective for ethanol removal from ethyl tert-butyl ether, however its flux is very low. Different strategies for improving its flux while maintaining a high selectivity are described and the main relationships between membrane structure, morphology and properties are illustrated.

Preface

Chapter 1. Pervaporation: Fundamentals and Applications
(Adriane Bianchi Pedroni Medeiros, Joel Robert Karp, Vitor Renan da Silva, Suzan Cristina Rossi and Moisés A. Marcelino Neto, Department of Bioprocess Engineering and Biotechnology, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 2. The Fundamentals and Technology Surrounding Pervaporation Membranes
(Tadashi Uragami, Functional Separation Membrane Research Center, Osaka, Japan)

Chapter 3. High Performance Bio-Based Membranes for Biofuel Purification by Pervaporation
(Anne Jonquieres, Carole Arnal-Herault, Jérôme Babin, Magali Billy and Faten Hassan Hassan Abdellatif, Laboratoire de Chimie Physique Macromoléculaire, Université de Lorraine/CNRS, Nancy, France)

Index

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